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Listed 20 sub titles with search on: The inhabitants  for wider area of: "MARMARA Region TURKEY" .

The inhabitants (20)

Ancient authors' reports

Pelasgian city of Antandrus

(Hdt. 7.42.1)

Ancient tribes


ENOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
Apsinthii or Apsynthii (Apsinthioi, Apsunthioi), a people of Thrace, bordering on the Thracian Chersonesus. (Herod. vi. 34, ix. 119.) The city of Aenus was also called Apsynthus (Steph. B. s. vv. Ainos, Apsunthos); and Dionysius Periegetes (577) speaks of a river of the same name.


KIOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
  Bebryces (Bebrukes, their country Bebrukia). A nation on the Pontus in Asia. Stephanus (s. v. Busnaioi) also mentions the Bysnaei as a tribe of Bebryces. Strabo (p. 295) supposes the Bebryces to have been of Thracian stock, and that their first place of settlement in Asia was Mysia. Dionysius Periegetes (805; and see the commentary of Eustathius) places the Bebryces where the river Cius enters the Propontus, that is, about the Gulf of Cius. Eratosthenes (Plin. v. 30) enumerates the Bebryces among the Asiatic nations that had perished. In fact, the Bebryces belong to mythology rather than to history.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


KYZIKOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer): book 1, chapter 9, section 18


  Dolionis (Dolionis: Eth. Doliones). Stephanus B. (s. v. Doliones) describes the Doliones as the inhabitants of Cyzicus, and he adds that Hecataeus called them Dolieis: they were also called Dolionii.
  The Doliones (Strab. p. 575) are, a people about Cyzicus who extended from the river Aesepus to the Rhyndacus and the lake Dascylitis. The names Dolionis and Doliones are connected with the earliest traditions about Cyzicus; and in Strabo's time the Cyziceni had the Dolionis. Strabo found it hard to fix the limits of the Bithynians, the Mysians, the Phrygians, as well as of the Doliones, those about Cyzicus; and we cannot do more than he did. Apollonius Rhodius (Arg. i. 947) doubtless followed an old tradition when he described the Doliones as occupying the isthmus, by which he means the isthmus of Cyzicus, and the plain, which is probably the plain on the mainland; and here, he says, reigned Cyzicus, a son of Aeneas.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


MYSIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
(Musomakedones), a tribe of the Mysians, probably occupying the district about the sources of the small river Mysius. (Ptol. v. 2. § 15; Plin. v. 31.) In the time of the Romans this tribe belonged to the conventus of Ephesus; but further particulars are not known of them.


TROAS (Ancient country) TURKEY
  Cilices (Kilikes), they are mentioned in the Iliad as the inhabitants of the part of Mysia called Troas. Eetion, the father of Andromache, Hector's wife, lived beneath wooded Placos; and his chief city was Thebe Hypoplacie. (Il. vi. 395, 415.) He was king of the Cilices. Strabo observes that Homer makes Pelasgi border on these Cilices, for he mentions Larissa as one of the cities of the Pelasgi (Il. ii. 840). In another passage (pp. 586, 611) he divides the territory of these Cilices into two parts, one the Thebaice, and the other Lyrnessis; and he makes the territory of the Cilices comprehend the territories of Adramyttium, Atarneus, and Pitane, and extend to the mouth of the Caicus. It seems to have been the opinion of some of the Greek critics that the Cilices of Homer were akin to the other Cilices; for Strabo observes, they say that in the tract between Phaselis in Lycia and Attalia there are pointed out a Thebe and Lyrnessus, a part of the Troic Cilices who were ejected from the plain of Thebe having gone to Pamphylia, as Callisthenes has said. Whether Callisthenes stated the emigration of these Cilicians and the existence of these cities as a fact, or as report, seems somewhat doubtful. The passage, perhaps, means that there was a story that ruins were pointed out in these parts, which had the names of Thebe and Lyrnessus. But it was a disputed question which of the two Cilices were the parent stock; for while some pointed to places in Cilicia as evidence of an emigration of Cilicians from the Troad, as in Pamphylia they referred to a Thebe and Lyrnessus, others turned the argument the other way, and referred to an Aleian plain also in the Troad. The discussion in Strabo is not very profitable reading. There was, however, a tradition that these Troic Cilicians drove the Syri from the country afterwards called Cilicia. There is no doubt that Cilicia was once occupied by an Aramaic race, but it cannot be determined whether the Cilices of Cilicia in the historical period derived their name from some Cilices who invaded their country from the west, or whether it was the name of the earliest known inhabitants of the country.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Odrysae, Odrysians

VISII (Ancient city) TURKEY


Mysians, Bebryces

VITHYNIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
The original inhabitants of Bithynia, which was also called Bebrycia, from Bebryce, a daughter of Danaus.

The Bebryces were submitted to the Bithynians, a Thracian tribe, who conquered their land.


They were a Thracian tribe that conquered the country.


They lived to the NE of the country and were not submitted to the Bithynians, when they conquered the country.

  Mariandyni (Mariandunoi, Mariandenoi, or Maruandunoi), an ancient and celebrated tribe in the north-east of Bithynia, between the rivers Sangarius and Billaeus, on the east of the tribe called Thyni or Bithyni. (Scylax, p. 34; Plin. vi. 1.) According to Scylax, they did not extend as far west as the Sangarius, for according to him the river Hypius formed the boundary between the Bithyni and Mariandyni. Strabo (vii. p. 295) expresses a belief that the Mariandyni were a branch of the Bithynians, a belief to which he was probably led by the resemblance between their names, and which cannot be well reconciled with the statement of Herodotus (iii. 90), who clearly distinguishes the Mariandyni from the Thracians or Thyni in Asia. In the Persian army, also, they appear quite separated from the Bithyni, and their armour resembles that of the Paphlagonians, which was quite different from that of the Bithyni. (Herod. vii. 72, 75; comp. Strab. vii. p. 345, xii. p. 542.) The chief city in their territory was Heraclea Pontica, the inhabitants of which reduced the Mariandyni, for a time, to a state of servitude resembling that of the Cretan Mnoae, or the Thessalian Penestae. To what race they belonged is uncertain, though if their Thracian origin be given up, it must probably be admitted that they were akin to the Paphlagonians. In the division of the Persian empire they formed part of the third Persian satrapy. Their country was called Mariandynia (Mariandunia, Steph. B. s. v.), and Pliny speaks of a Sinus Mariandynus on their coast. (Comp. Hecat. Fragm. 201; Aeschyl. Pers. 932; Xen. Anab. vi, 4. § 4, Cyrop. i. 1. § 4; Ptol. v. 1. § 11; Scymn. Fragm. 199; Dionys. Perieg. 788; Mela, i. 19; Athen. xiv. p. 620; Apollon. Argon. ii. 724; Constant. Porph. Them. i. 7.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

First inhabitants


PLAKIA (Ancient city) TURKEY

Names of the inhabitants


ALYVI (Ancient city) ALIZONES
A people of Bithynia, with a capital city Alybe (Il. ii. 856).


TROY (Ancient city) TURKEY
Also called Teucrians, their denial of the possession of Helen, Paeonians, and Gergithes, descended from them; Teucrian invasion of Europe before the Trojan war, refuse to restore Helen, besieged by the Greeks, joined by allies, chase the Greeks within their wall, flee before Patroclus, chased by Achilles, judge in the competition for the arms of Achilles, many slain by Neoptolemus, drag the Wooden Horse into Troy, slain by the Greeks, people of Tenea claim to be Trojans.


Perseus Project Index. Total results on 7/5/2001: 1000 for Trojans, 48 for Teucrians.


VITHYNIA (Ancient country) TURKEY
Strymonii (Strumonioi), the name by which, according to tradition, the Bithynians in Asia originally were called, because they had immigrated into Asia from the country about the Strymon in Europe. (Herod. vii. 75; Steph. B. s. v. Strumon.) Pliny (v. 40) further states that Bithynia was called by some Strymonis.

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