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The inhabitants (1)
Cilices (Kilikes), they are mentioned in the Iliad as the inhabitants
of the part of Mysia called Troas. Eetion, the father of Andromache, Hector's
wife, lived beneath wooded Placos; and his chief city was Thebe Hypoplacie. (Il.
vi. 395, 415.) He was king of the Cilices. Strabo observes that Homer makes Pelasgi
border on these Cilices, for he mentions Larissa as one of the cities of the Pelasgi
(Il. ii. 840). In another passage (pp. 586, 611) he divides the territory of these
Cilices into two parts, one the Thebaice, and the other Lyrnessis; and he makes
the territory of the Cilices comprehend the territories of Adramyttium, Atarneus,
and Pitane, and extend to the mouth of the Caicus. It seems to have been the opinion
of some of the Greek critics that the Cilices of Homer were akin to the other
Cilices; for Strabo observes, they say that in the tract between Phaselis in Lycia
and Attalia there are pointed out a Thebe and Lyrnessus, a part of the Troic Cilices
who were ejected from the plain of Thebe having gone to Pamphylia, as Callisthenes
has said. Whether Callisthenes stated the emigration of these Cilicians and the
existence of these cities as a fact, or as report, seems somewhat doubtful. The
passage, perhaps, means that there was a story that ruins were pointed out in
these parts, which had the names of Thebe and Lyrnessus. But it was a disputed
question which of the two Cilices were the parent stock; for while some pointed
to places in Cilicia as evidence of an emigration of Cilicians from the Troad,
as in Pamphylia they referred to a Thebe and Lyrnessus, others turned the argument
the other way, and referred to an Aleian plain also in the Troad. The discussion
in Strabo is not very profitable reading. There was, however, a tradition that
these Troic Cilicians drove the Syri from the country afterwards called Cilicia.
There is no doubt that Cilicia was once occupied by an Aramaic race, but it cannot
be determined whether the Cilices of Cilicia in the historical period derived
their name from some Cilices who invaded their country from the west, or whether
it was the name of the earliest known inhabitants of the country.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
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