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Biographies (5)

Generals

Andronicus

Andronicus (Andronikos), a Macedonian, is first mentioned in the war against Antiochus, B. C. 190, as the governor of Ephesus. (Liv. xxxvii. 13.) He is spoken of in B. C. 169 as one of the generals of Perseus, king of Macedonia, and was sent by him to burn the dock-yards at Thessalonica, which he delayed doing, wishing to gratify the Romans, according to Diodorus, or thinking that the king would repent of his purpose, as Livy states. He was shortly afterwards put to death by Perseus. (Liv. xliv. 10; Diod. Exc.; Appian, de Reb. Mac. 14.)


Antigenes

Antigenes. A general of Alexander the Great, also served under Philip, and lost an eye at the siege of Perinthus. (B. C. 340.) After the death of Alexander he obtained the satrapy of Susiana. He was one of the commanders of the Argyraspids, and espoused with his troops the side of Eumenes. On the defeat of the latter in B. C. 316, Antigenes fell into the hands of his enemy Antigonus, and was burnt alive by him. (Plut. Alex. 70; Arrian, ap. Phot.; Diod. xviii. 62, xix. 12, &c., 44; Plut. Eum. 13)


Attalus, son of Andromenes

Attalus (Attalos). Son of Andromenes the Stymphaean, and one of Alexander's officers, was accused with his brothers, Amyntas and Simmias, of having been engaged in the conspiracy of Philotas, B. C. 330, but was acquitted, together with his brothers. In B. C. 328, Attalus was left with Polysperchon and other officers in Bactria with part of the troops, while the king himself marched against the Sogdians (Arrian, iv. 16). He accompanied Alexander in his expedition into India, and was employed in several important duties (Arrian, iv. 27, v. 12). In Alexander's last illness, B. C. 323, he was one of the seven chief officers who passed the night in the temple of Serapis at Babylon, in order to learn from the god whether Alexander should be carried into the temple (Arrian, vii. 26).
  After the death of Alexander, Attalus joined Perdiccas, whose sister, Atalante, he had married. He accompanied his brother-in-law in his unfortunate campaign against Egypt in B. C. 321, and had the command of the fleet. After the murder of Perdiccas, all his friends were condemned to death by the army; Atalante, who was in the camp, was immediately executed, but Attalus escaped his, wife's fate in consequence of his absence with the fleet at Pelusium. He forthwith sailed to Tyre, where the treasures of Perdiccas had been deposited. These, which amounted to as much as 800 talents, were surrendered to him by Archelaus, who had been appointed governor of the town, and by means of these he soon found himself at the head of 10,000 foot and 800 horse. He remained at Tyre for some time, to collect the friends of Perdiccas who had escaped from the army; but then, instead of uniting his forces immediately with those of Alcetas, the brother of Perdiccas, he sailed to the coast of Caria, where he became involved in a contest with the Rhodians, by whom he was completely defeated in a sea-fight (Diod. xviii. 37; Arrian, ap. Phot. Cod. 92). After this, he joined Alcetas; but their united forces were defeated in Pisidia by Antigonus, who had the conduct of the war against the party of Perdiccas. Alcetas escaped for a time, but Attalus with many others was taken prisoner (Diod. xviii. 44, 45). This happened in B. C. 320; and he and his companions remained in captivity till B. C. 317, when they contrived on one occasion to overpower their guards, and obtain possession of the castle in which they were confined. Before they could effect their escape, the castle was surrounded with troops from the neighbourhood. They continued, however, to defend it for a year and four months; but at length were obliged to yield to superior numbers (Diod. xix. 16). We do not hear of Attalus after this: his daughters were with Olympias in B. C. 317 (Diod. xix. 35).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Attalus

Attalus. One of the chief officers in the infantry of Alexander. After the death of Alexander, B. C. 323, the infantry were dissatisfied with the arrangements made by Alexander's generals; and in the tumult which ensued, Attalus, according to Justin (xiii. 3) sent persons to murder Perdiccas, though this is generally attributed to Meleager. He is again mentioned in the mutiny of the army at Triparadisus after the death of Perdiccas in B. C. 321 (Arrian, ap. Phot. Cod. 92). It is evident, from both of these circumstances, that this Attalus must be a different person from the son of Andromenes.


Dynasties

Kings of Ancient Macedonia

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