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Listed 8 sub titles with search on: Biographies for destination: "AMVRAKIA Ancient city EPIRUS".


Biographies (8)

Ancient comedy playwrites

Epicrates, 4th century BC.

Of Ambracia; an Athenian writer of the Middle Comedy.


Epicrates, (Epikrates), of Ambracia, was an Athenian comic poet of the middle comedy, according to the testimony of Athenaens (x.), confirmed by extant fragments of his plays, in which he ridicules Plato and his disciples, Spensippus and Menedemus, and in which lie refers to the courtezan Lais, as being now far advanced in years. (Athen. ii., xiii.) From these indications Meineke infers that he flourished between the 101st and 108th Olympiads (B. C. 376-348). Two plays of Epicrates, Emporos and Antilais are mentioned by Suidas (s. v.), and are quoted by Athenaeus (xiv., xiii.), who also quotes his Amazunes (x.) and Duspratos (vi.), and informs us that in the latter play Epicrates copied some things from the Duspratos of Antiphanes. Aelian (N. A. xii. 10) quotes the Choros of Epicrates. We have also one long fragment (Athen. ii.) and two shorter ones (Athen. xi. ; Pollux, iv. 121) from his unknown plays. (Meineke, Frag. Com. Graec. vol. i., vol. iii. ; Fabric. Bibl. Graec. vol. ii.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Philosophers

Cleombrotus, 5th cent. BC

Cleombrotus (Kleombrotos), an Academic philosopher of Ambracia, who is said to have thrown himself down from a high wall, after reading the Phaedon of Plato; not that he had any sufferings to escape from, but that he might exchange this life for a better (Callimach. Epigr. 60; Agath. Schol. Ep. 60. v. 17; Lucian, Philop. 1; Cic. pro Scaur. ii. 4, Tusc. i. 34; Augustin. de Civ. Dei, i. 22). The disciple of Socrates, whom Plato mentions as being in Aegina when Socrates died, may possibly be the same person (Phaedon, 2)


But these Greeks invent heaps of stories and among them they make out that Cleombrotus of Ambracia threw himself down from a high wall not because he had suffered any misfortune, but (as I see it written among the Greeks) after having read a very eloquently and elegantly written book, of that greatest of philosophers Plato about death; the one, I suppose, in which Socrates, on that very day on which he was to die, argues at great length that this is death which we fancy to be life when the soul is held in shut up in the body as in a prison and that that is life when the same soul, having been released from the bonds of the body, flies back to that place from which it originated. . .


Tyrants

Periander

Tyrant of Ambracia, and contemporary with his more famous namesake of Corinth, to whom he was also related, being the son of Gorgus, who was son or brother to Cypselus. Periander was deposed by the people about B.C. 585.


For example the attack on the Pisistratidae took place because they outraged Harmodius's sister and treated Harmodius with contumely (for Harmodius attacked them because of his sister and Aristogiton because of Harmodius, and also the plot was laid against Periander the tyrant in Ambracia because when drinking . . .


Related to the place

Deidameia

Deidameia. Daughter of Pyrrhus II., king of Epeirus, after the death of her father and the murder of her uncle Ptolemy, was the last surviving representative of the royal race of the Aeacidae. She threw herself into Ambracia, but was induced by the offer of an honourable capitulation to surrender. The Epeirots, however, determining to secure their liberty by extirpating the whole royal family, resolved to put her to death; she fled for refuge to the temple of Artemis, but was murdered in the sanctuary itself. (Polyaen. viii. 52; Justin, xxviii. 3, by whom she is erroneously called Laudamia Pats. iv. 35.3.) The date of this event cannot be accurately fixed, but it occurred during the reign of Demetrius II. in Macedonia (B. C. 239-229), and probably in the early part of it. Schorn (Gesch. Griechenl.) supposes Deidameia to be a daughter of the elder Pyrrhus, not the younger, but this is certainly a mistake.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Historic figures

Pyrrhos or Pyrrhus

Son of Aeacides, king of Thesprotis or Thesprotia in Epirus, his lineage and history, generally roving, restored to Thesprotia by Ptolemy I, allied with Lysimachus, occupies part of Macedonia, driven by Lysimachus from Macedonia, makes war on Romans, employs elephants in war, makes friends with Hiero, tyrant of Syracuse, attacks Lacedaemonians, slain and buried at Argos, his tomb and monument at Argos, his shield, deemed by Procles superior as a general to Alexander the Great, his statues at Athens and Olympia, his descendants.
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