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Listed 13 sub titles with search on: Biographies  for wider area of: "EGES Ancient city IMATHIA" .

Biographies (13)



EGES (Ancient city) IMATHIA
670 - 652
Perdiccas (Perdikkas), was, according to Herodotus, the founder of the Macedonian monarchy, though Justin, Diodorus, and the later chronographers, Dexippus and Eusebius, represent Caranus as the first king of Macedonia, and make Perdiccas only the fourth. Thucydides, however, seems to follow the same version of the history with Herodotus, since he reckons only eight kings before Archelaus (Thuc. ii. 100. See also Clinton, F. H. vol. ii. p. 221; MΌller's Dorians, App. i.15). According to Herodotus, Perdiccas and his two brothers, Gauanes and Aeopus, were Argives of the race of Temenus, who fled from their native country to Illyria, and from thence into the upper part of Macedonia, where they at first served the king of the country as herdsmlen, but were afterwards dismissed from his service, and settled near Mount Bermius, from whence, he adds, they subdued the rest of Macedonia (Herod. viii. 37, 138). It is clear, however, that the dominions of Perdiccas and his immediate successors, comprised but a very small part of the country subsequently known under that name (See Thuc. ii. 99). According to Eusebius (ed. Arm. p. 152, 153), Perdiccas reigned forty-eight years, but this period is, doubtless, a purely fictitious one. He was succeeded by his son Argaeus (Herod. viii. 139). Front a fragment of Diodorus (Exc. Vat. p. 4), it would appear that Perdiccas was regarded as the founder of Aegae or Edessa, the capital of the early Macedonian monarchs.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited April 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Argaios I

652 - 621
King of Macedonia, son of Perdiccas I.

Argaeus (Argaios), king of Macedonia was the son and successor of Perdiccas I., who according to Herodotus and Thucydides, was the founder of the dynasty. Thirty-four years are given as the length of his reign by Dexippus (ap. Syncell. p. 494, Dind.), but apparently without any authority (Herod. viii. 139; Justin, vii. 2).
  There was a pretender to the Macedonian crown of this name, who, with the assistance of the Illyrians, expelled Amyntas II. from his dominions (B. C. 393), and kept possession of the throne for two years. Amyntas then, with the aid of the Thessalians, succeeded in expelling Argaeus and recovering at least a part of his dominions. It is probably the same Argaeus who in B. C. 359 again appears as a pretender to the throne. He had induced the Athenians to support his pretensions, but Philip, who had just succeeded to the regency of the kingdom, by his intrigues and promises induced them to remain inactive. Argaeus upon this collected a body of mercenaries, and being accompanied by some Macedonian exiles and some Athenian troops, who were permitted by their general, Manlias, to join him, he made an attempt upon Aegae, but was repulsed. On his retreat to Methone, he was intercepted by Philip, and defeated. What became of him we are not informed (Diod. xiv. 92, xvi. 2, 3; Dem. c. Aristocr.).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Philip I

621 - 588
Philippus I., son of Argaeus, was the third king, according to Herodotus and Thucydides, who, not reckoning Caranus and his two immediate successors (Coenus and Thurimas or Turimmas), look upon Perdiccas I. as the founder of the monarchy. Philip left a son, named Aeropus, who succeeded him.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Aeropus I

588 - 568
King of Macedonia, the son of Philip I., the great-grandson of Perdiccas, the first king, and the father of Alcetas. (Herod. iii. 139)


568 - 540
Alcetas (Alketas), the eighth king of Macedonia, counting from Caranus, and the fifth, counting from Perdiccas, reigned, according to Eusebius, twenty-nine years. He was the father of Amyntas I., who reigned in the latter part of the sixth century B. C. (Herod. viii. 139.)

Amyntas I (c. 540-495 BC).

Amyntas I. A king of Macedonia, who reigned from about B.C. 540 to 500, and was succeeded by his son Alexander I.

Amyntas (Amuntas) I., king of Macedonia, son of Alcetas, and fifth in descent from Perdiccas, the founder of the dynasty (Herod. viii. 139 ; comp. Thuc. ii. 100; Just. vii. 1, xxxiii. 2 ; Paus. ix. 40).
  It was under him that Macedonia became tributary to the Persians. Megabazus, whom Darius on his return from his Scythian expedition had left at the head of 80,000 men in Europe (Herod. iv. 143), sent after the conquest of Paeonia to require earth and water of Amyntas, who immediately complied with his demand. The Persian envoys on this occasion behaved with much insolence at the banquet to which Amyntas invited them, and were murdered by his son Alexander. After this we find nothing recorded of Amyntas, except his offer to the Pisistratidae of Anthemus in Chalcidice, when Hippias had just been disappointed in his hope of a restoration to Athens by the power of the Spartan confederac. (Herod. v. 94). Amyntas died about 498 B. C. leaving the kingdom to Alexander. Herodotus (viii. 136) speaks of a soil of Bubares and Gygaea, called Amyntas after his grandfather.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Alexander I the Philhellene (495-442 BC).

  Alexander I the Philhellene (?-circa 442 BC) succeeded Amyntas I in the Macedonian throne. Though subjected to the Persians, he assisted the southern Greeks in the Persian Wars; for this he received from the Athenians the honours of "citizenship and exemption" (from taxes). After the Persians were put to rout, Alexander extended his realm as far as the Strymon, and contributed to his kingdom's cultural and economic development as well as its general modernization. He took part in the Olympic Games (perhaps in 496 BC) in the 'stadion' race. Poets such as Pindar, Bacchylides and Simonides lived at his court.

This text is cited Oct 2003 from the Macedonian Heritage URL below.

Alexander I. (Alexandros), the tenth king of Macedonia, was the son of Amyntas I. When Megabazus sent to Macedonia, about B. C. 507, to demand earth and water, as a token of submission to Darius, Amyntas was still reigning. At a banquet given to the Persian envoys, the latter demanded the presence of the ladies of the court, and Amyntas, through fear of his guests, ordered them to attend. But when the Persians proceeded to offer indignities to them, Alexander caused them to retire, under pretence of arraying them more beautifully, and introduced in their stead some Macedonian youths, dressed in female attire, who slew the Persians. As the Persians did not return, Megabazus sent Bubares with some troops into Macedonia; but Alexander escaped the danger by giving his sister Gygaea in marriage to the Persian general. According to Justin, Alexander succeeded his father in the kingdom soon after these events (Herod. v. 17-21, viii. 136 ; Justin, vii. 2-4). In B. C. 492, Macedonia was obliged to submit to the Persian general Mardonius (Herod. vi. 44); and in Xerxes' invasion of Greece (B. C. 480), Alexander accompanied the Persian army. He gained the confidence of Mardonius, and was sent by him to Athens after the battle of Salamis, to propose peace to the Athenians, which he strongly recommended, under the conviction that it was impossible to contend with the Persians. He was unsuccessful in his mission; but though he continued in the Persian army, he was always secretly inclined to the cause of the Greeks, and informed them the night before the battle of Plataeae of the intention of Mardonius to fight on the following day (viii. 136, 140-143, ix. 44, 45). He was alive in B. C. 463, when Cimon recovered Thasos (Plut. Cim. 14). He was succeeded by Perdiccas II.
  Alexander was the first member of the royal family of Macedonia, who presented himself as a competitor at the Olympic games, and was admitted to them after proving his Greek descent (Herod. v. 22; Justin, vii. 2). In his reign Macedonia received a considerable accession of territor. (Thuc. ii. 99).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Perdiccas II

435 - 413
Perdiccas II. The son and successor of Alexander I. of Macedonia, reigning from B.C. 454 to 413. Shortly before the Peloponnesian War, Perdiccas was at war with the Athenians, who sent a force to support his brother Philip, and Derdas, a Macedonian chieftain, against the king, while the latter espoused the cause of Potidaea, which had shaken off the Athenian yoke, B.C. 432. In the following year peace was concluded between Perdiccas and the Athenians, but it did not last long, and he was during the greater part of his reign on hostile terms with the Athenians. In B.C. 429 his dominions were invaded by Sitalces, king of the powerful Thracian tribe of the Odrysians, but the enemy was compelled, by want of provisions, to return home. It was in great part at his instigation that Brasidas in B.C. 424 set out on his celebrated expedition to Macedonia and Thrace. In the following year (B.C. 423), however, a misunderstanding arose between him and Brasidas; in consequence of which he abandoned the Spartan alliance, and concluded peace with Athens. Subsequently we find him at one time in alliance with the Spartans and at another time with the Athenians; and it is evident that he joined one or other of the belligerent parties according to the dictates of his own interest at the moment.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Related to the place

Bubares & Gygaea

Bubares (Boubares), the son of Megabazus, a Persian, was sent into Macedonia to make inquiries after the missing Persian envoys, whom Alexander, the son of Amyntas I., had caused to be murdered at his father's court, about B. C. 507. Alexander induced Bubares to pass the matter over in silence, by giving him great presents and also his sister Gygaea in marriage. By this Gygaea Bubares had a son, who was called Amyntas after his grandfather. (Herod. v. 21, viii. 136.) In conjunction with Artachaees, Bubares superintended the construction of the canal which Xerxes made across the isthmus of Athos. (Herod. vii. 22.)

Gygaea (Gugaie), daughter of Amyntas and sister of Alexander I. of Macedonia, was given by her brother in marriage to Bubares, in order to hush up the inquiry which the latter had been sent by Dareius Hystaspis to institute into the fate of the Persian envoys, whom Alexander had caused to be murdered. Herodotus mentions a son of Bubares and Gygaea, called Amyntas after his grandfather. (Herod. v. 21, viii. 136; Just. vii. 3.)

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