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Biographies (9)


Protagoras, 5th c. B.C.

A great philosopher, who lived in the 5th century B.C. Also, the city of Abdera claims the honor of his origin.


Alexamenus (Alexamenos), of Teos, was, according to Aristotle, in his work upon poets (peri toieton), the first person who wrote dialogues in the Socratic style before the time of Plato. (Athen. xi. p. 505, b. c.; Diog. Laert. iii. 48.)

Apellicon, 2nd/1st c. B.C.

Apellicon (Apellikon). A Peripatetic philosopher, born at Teos in Asia Minor, and one of those to whom we owe the preservation of many of the works of Aristotle. The latter, on his deathbed, confided his works to Theophrastus, his favourite pupil and Theophrastus, by his will, left them to Neleus, who had them conveyed to Scepsis, in Troas, his native city. After the death of Neleus, his heirs, illiterate persons, fearing lest they might fall into the hands of the king of Pergamus, who was enriching in every way his newly-established library, concealed the writings of Aristotle in a cave, where they remained for more than 130 years, and suffered greatly from worms and dampness. At the end of this period Apellicon purchased them for a high price. His wish was to arrange them in proper order, and to fill up the lacunae that were now of frequent occurrence in the manuscripts, in consequence of their neglected state. Being, however, but little versed in philosophy, and possessing still less judgment, he acquitted himself ill in this difficult task, and published the works of the Stagirite full of faults. Subsequently the library of Apellicon fell, among the spoils of Athens, into the hands of Sulla , and was carried to Rome, where the grammarian Tyrannion had access to them. From him copies were obtained by Andronicus of Rhodes, which served for the basis of his arrangement of the works of Aristotle.
  Ritter thinks that too much has been made of this story. On its authority it has even been pretended that the works of Aristotle have reached us in a more broken and ill-arranged shape than any other productions of antiquity. He thinks that the story arose out of some laudatory commendations of the edition of Aristotle by Andronicus, and that it is probable, not to say certain, that there were other editions, of the respective merits of which it was possible to make a comparison. At any rate, according to him, the acroamatic works of Aristotle have not reached us solely from the library of Neleus, and consequently it was not necessary to have recourse merely to the restoration by Apellicon, either to complete or retain the lacunae resulting from the deterioration of the manuscripts. See Aristoteles.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Apellicon (Apellikon), a native of Teos, was a Peripatetic philosopher and a great collector of books. In addition to the number which his immense wealth enabled him to purchase, he stole several out of the archives of different Greek cities. His practices having been discovered at Athens, he was obliged to fly from the city to save his life. He afterwards returned during the tyranny of Aristion, who patronized him, as a member of the same philosophic sect with himself, and gave him the command of the expedition against Delos, which, though at first successful, was ruined by the carelessness of Apellicon, who was surprised by the Romans under Orobius, and with difficulty escaped, having lost his whole army (Athen. v.). His library was carried to Rome by Sulla (B. C. 84). Apellicon had died just before (Strab. xiii.).
  Apellicon's library contained the autographs of Aristotle's works, which had been given by that philosopher, on his death-bed, to Theophrastus, and by him to Neleus, who carried them to Scepsis, in Troas, where they remained, having been hidden and much injured in a cave, till they were purchased by Apellicon, who published a very faulty edition of them. Upon the arrival of the MSS. at Rome, they were examined by the grammarian Tyrannion, who furnished copies of them to Andronicus of Rhodes, upon which the latter founded his edition of Aristotle.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Antimachus, epic poet, 7th c. B.C.

Antimachus, of Teos, an epic poet. Plutarch (Romul. 12) states, that he was said to have known something about the eclipse which occurred on the day of the foundation of Rome. Clemens Alexandrinus (Strom. vi. p. 622, c.) quotes an hexameter verse from him, which Agias is said to have imitated. If this statement is correct, Antimachus would belong to an early period of Greek literature.


Anacreon (Anakreon), one of the principal Greek lyric poets, was a native of the Ionian city of Teos, in Asia Minor. The accounts of his life are meagre and confused, but he seems to have spent his youth at his native city, and to have removed, with the great body of its inhabitants, to Abdera, in Thrace, when Teos was taken by Harpagus, the general of Cyrus (about B. C. 540; Strab. xiv.). The early part of his middle life was spent at Samos, under the patronage of Polycrates, in whose praise Anacreon wrote many songs (Strab. xiv.; Herod. iii. 121). He enjoyed very high favour with the tyrant, and is said to have softened his temper by the charms of music (Maxim. Tyr. Diss. xxxvii. 5). After the death of Polycrates (B. C. 522), he went to Athens at the invitation of the tyrant Hiipparchus, who sent a galley of fifty oars to fetch him (Plat. Hipparch.) At Athens he became acquainted with Simonides and other poets, whom the taste of Hipparchus had collected round him, and he was admitted to intimacy by other noble families besides the Peisistratidae, among whom he especially celebrated the beauty of Critias, the son of Dropides (Plat. Charm.). He died at the age of 85, probably about B. C. 478 (Lucian, Macrob. c. 26). Simonides wrote two epitaphs upon him (Anthol. Pal. vii. 24, 25), the Athenians set up his statue in the Acropolis (Paus. i. 25.1), and the Teians struck his portrait on their coins. The place of his death, however, is uncertain. The second epitaph of Simonides appears to say clearly that he was buried at Teos, whither he is supposed to have returned after the death of Hipparchus (B. C. 514); but there is also a tradition that, after his return to Teos, he fled a second time to Abdera, in consequence of the revolt of Histiaeus (B. C. 495; Suidas, s. v. Anakreon and Teo). This tradition has, however, very probably arisen from a confusion with the original emigration of the Teians to Abdera.
The universal tradition of antiquity represents Anacreon as a most consummate voluptuary; and his poems prove the truth of the tradition. Though Athenaeus (x.), thought that their drunken tone was affected, arguing that the poet must have been tolerably sober while in the act of writing, it is plain that Anacreon sings of love and wine with hearty good will, and that his songs in honour of Polycrates came less from the heart than the expressions of his love for the beautiful youths whom the tyrant had gathered round him (Anthol. Pal. vii. 25; Maxim. Tyr. Diss. xxvi. 1). We see in him the luxury of the Ionian inflamed by the fervour of the poet. The tale that he loved Sappho is very improbable. (Athen. xiii. p. 599.) His death was worthy of his life, if we may believe the account, which looks, however, too like a poetical fiction, that he was choked by a grape-stone (Plin. vii. 5; Val. Max. ix. 12.8). The idea formed of Anacreon by nearly all ancient writers, as a grey-haired old man, seems to have been derived from his later poems, in forgetfulness of the fact that when his fame was at its height, at the court of Polycrates, he was a very young man; the delusion being aided by the unabated warmth of his poetry to the very last.
  In the time of Suidas five books of Anacreon's poems were extant, but of these only a few genuine fragments have come down to us. The "Odes" attributed to him are now universally admitted to be spurious. All of them are later than the time of Anacreon. Though some of them are very graceful, others are very deficient in poetical feeling ; and all are wanting in the tone of earnestness which the poetry of Anacreon always breathed. The usual metre ill these Odes is the Iambic Dimeter Catalectic, which occurs only once in the geniniie fragments of Anacreon. His favourite metres are the Choriambic and the Ionic a Minore.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Andron, 4th c. B.C.

Andron of Teos, the author of a Periplous (Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. ii. 354), who is probably the same person as the one referred to by Strabo (ix.), Stephanus of Byzantium, and others. He may also have been the same as the author of the Peri Sungeneion (Harpocrat. s. v. Phorbanteion; Schol. ad Apoll. Rhod. ii. 946).



Athenodorus, of Teos, a player on the cithara, was one of the performers who assisted at the festivities celebrated at Susa in B. C. 324, on the occasion of the marriage of Alexander with Statira. There was also a tragedian of the same name, whose services were called into requisition on the same occasion. (Athen. xii.)

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