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Ιδρυση-οικισμός του τόπου
Το 471 π.Χ.
When Praxiergus was archon in Athens, the Romans elected as consuls Aulus Verginius Tricostus and Gaius Servilius Structus. At this time the Eleians, who dwelt in many small cities, united to form one state which is known as Elis.(Diod. 11.54.1)
- Perseus: Diodorus Siculus, Library (ed. C. H. Oldfather, 1989).
Καταστροφές του τόπου
By Lacedaemonians, 398 BC
In the reign of Agis the son of Archidamus the Lacedaemonians had
several grievances against the people of Elis, being especially exasperated because
they were debarred from the Olympic games and the sanctuary at Olympia. So they
dispatched a herald commanding the people of Elis to grant home-rule to Lepreum
and to any other of their neighbors that were subject to them. The people of Elis
replied that, when they saw the cities free that were neighbors of Sparta, they
would without delay set free their own subjects; whereupon the Lacedaemonians
under king Agis invaded the territory of Elis.
On this occasion there occurred an earthquake, and the army retired
home after advancing as far as Olympia and the Alpheus but in the next year Agis
devastated the country and carried off most of the booty. Xenias, a man of Elis
who was a personal friend of Agis and the state-friend (Proxenos) of the Lacedaemonians,
rose up with the rich citizens against the people but before Agis and his army
could come to their aid, Thrasydaeus, who at this time championed the interests
of the popular party at Elis, overthrew in battle Xenias and his followers and
cast them out of the city.
When Agis led back his army, he left behind Lysistratus, a Spartan,
with a portion of his forces, along with the Elean refugees, that they might help
the Lepreans to ravage the
land. In the third year of the war (398 BC) the Lacedaemonians under Agis again
prepared to invade the territory of Elis. So Thrasydaeus and the Eleans, reduced
to dire extremities, agreed to forgo their supremacy over their neighbors, to
dismantle the fortifications of their city, and to allow the Lacedaemonians to
sacrifice to the god and to compete in the games at Olympia.(Paus. 3.8.3-5)
- Perseus: Pausanias, Description of Greece
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Από το Φίλιππο Β'
...στην Πελοπόννησο (ο Φίλιππος) καταλαμβάνει την σπουδαία πόλη της Ήλιδας (Δημ.
- Perseus: Demosthenes, Speeches
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