History FTHIOTIDA (Prefecture) GREECE - GTP + Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 34 sub titles with search on: History for destination: "FTHIOTIDA Prefecture GREECE".


History (34)

Antiquity

Amphictionic League

THERMOPYLES (Historic place) LAMIA
League of ancient states: Thessalians, Locrians, Phocians, Boeotians, Athenians, Dorians, Malians, Dolopians, Enianes, Perrhaebias, Magnetes, and Macedonians. The league supporting the god Apollo estabilished a conduct for war among members. The council had two annual meetings, the spring in Delphi and the autumn in Thermopyles.

Battles

Boeotians against Phocians

AVES (Ancient city) ATALANTI
As the Phocians were engaged in building a fortress near the place named Abae, at which is a holy shrine of Apollo, the Boeotians took the field against them. Some of the Phocians straightway fled to the nearest cities and dispersed, while others took refuge in the temple of Apollo and perished to the number of five hundred. [5] Now many other divine visitations fell to the lot of the Phocians about this period, and in particular the one that I am about to relate. The men who had taken refuge in the temple supposed that their lives would be saved through the intervention of the gods, but on the contrary through some divine Providence they met with the punishment temple-robbers well deserve.
For there was a quantity of rushes about the temple, and a fire had been left behind in the tents of the men who had fled, with the result that the rushes caught fire and such a great conflagration was touched off so miraculously that the temple was consumed and the Phocians who had fled to it for refuge were burned alive. Indeed it became apparent that the gods do not extend to temple-robbers the protection generally accorded to suppliants (Diod. Sic. 16.58.4-6).

This extract is from: Diodorus Siculus, Library (ed. C. H. Oldfather, 1989). Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


The Hellenes army list at Thermopylae

THERMOPYLES (Historic place) LAMIA
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans.
This extract is from: Herodotus, The Histories, ed. A. D. Godley, Cambridge. Harvard University Press
Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

The battle of Thermopylae, 480 BC.

Catastrophes of the place

By Xerxes, 480 BC

AMFIKLIA (Ancient city) LOKRIDA
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea.

The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae . . .
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., Harvard University Press. Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

By Xerxes, 480 BC

AVES (Ancient city) ATALANTI
The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae, where there was a richly endowed temple of Apollo, provided with wealth of treasure and offerings. There was also then as now a place of divination at this place. This temple, too, they plundered and burnt, and they pursued and caught some of the Phocians near the mountains. Certain women too perished because of the multitude of their violators.

This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


By Xerxes, 480 BC

DRYMEA (Ancient city) LOKRIDA
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea (Paus. 10,3,2).

The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae . . .
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., Harvard University Press. Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

By Philip II, 346 BC

Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War . . .The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. . .and their people scattered in villages.

By Xerxes, 480 BC

ELATIA (Ancient city) FTHIOTIDA
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea.

The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae . . .
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., Harvard University Press. Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

By Philip II, 346 BC

Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War . . .The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. . .and their people scattered in villages.

By Xerxes

TITHOREA (Ancient city) FTHIOTIDA
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea.
This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo, ed. H. L. Jones, Cambridge. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept. 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae . . .
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., Harvard University Press. Cited Aug 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

By Philip II, 346 BC

Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War . . .The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. . .and their people scattered in villages.

By Xerxes

TITHRONION (Ancient city) LOKRIDA
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea (Paus. 10,3,2).

The barbarians, while the Thessalians so guided their army, overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples (Hdt. 8,32,2).
Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae, where there was a richly endowed temple of Apollo, provided with wealth of treasure and offerings (Hdt. 8,33,1).
These extracts are from: Herodotus, The Histories, ed. A. D. Godley, Cambridge. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept. 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks

By Xerxes, 480 BC

YAMPOLIS (Ancient city) ATALANTI
The barbarians. . .overran the whole of Phocis. All that came within their power they laid waste to and burnt, setting fire to towns and temples. Marching this way down the river Cephisus, they ravaged everything that lay in their way, burning the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pediea, Tritea, Elatea, Hyampolis, Parapotamii, and Abae . . .

This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


By Philip II, 346 BC

In the tenth year after the seizure of the sanctuary, Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War, in the year when Theophilus was archon at Athens, which was the first of the hundred and eighth Olympiad at which Polycles of Cyrene was victorious in the foot-race. The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. The tale of them was Lilaea, Hyampolis, Anticyra, Parapotamii, Panopeus and Daulis. These cities were distinguished in days of old, especially because of the poetry of Homer.
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea. The rest of the Phocian cities, except Elateia, were not famous in former times, I mean Phocian Trachis, Phocian Medeon, Echedameia, Ambrossus, Ledon, Phlygonium and Stiris. On the occasion to which I have referred all the cities enumerated were razed to the ground and their people scattered in villages.

This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Destruction and end of the town

By Philip II, 346 BC

AMFIKLIA (Ancient city) LOKRIDA
Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War . . .The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. . .and their people scattered in villages.

By Philip II, 346 B.C.

TITHRONION (Ancient city) LOKRIDA
In the tenth year after the seizure of the sanctuary, Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War, in the year when Theophilus was archon at Athens, which was the first of the hundred and eighth Olympiad1 at which Polycles of Cyrene was victorious in the foot-race. The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. The tale of them was Lilaea, Hyampolis, Anticyra, Parapotamii, Panopeus and Daulis. These cities were distinguished in days of old, especially because of the poetry of Homer.
The army of Xerxes, burning down certain of these, made them better known in Greece, namely Erochus, Charadra, Amphicleia, Neon, Tithronium and Drymaea. The rest of the Phocian cities, except Elateia, were not famous in former times, I mean Phocian Trachis, Phocian Medeon, Echedameia, Ambrossus, Ledon, Phlygonium and Stiris. On the occasion to which I have referred all the cities enumerated were razed to the ground and their people scattered in villages.
This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept. 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

By Philip II, 346 BC

TRACHIS (Ancient city) FTHIOTIDA
Philip put an end to the war, which was called both the Phocian War and the Sacred War . . .The cities of Phocis were captured and razed to the ground. . .and their people scattered in villages.

Links

Thermopylae

THERMOPYLES (Historic place) LAMIA
  Pass of East-central Greece along the coast of Locris facing northern Euboea.
  The pass of Thermopylae, whose name means “hot gates” in Greek, is a narrow pass about 4 miles long bordered by the sea on one side and the slopes of Mount Oeta on the other, and leading from Thessalia to central Greece. It owes its name to nearby hot springs that still exist. One tradition links this spring to the death of Heracles, who was exiled in the city of Trachis at the time: after he had put on him the tunic sent by Deiareina and smeared with the blood of Nessus that she thought was a love-charm, and the poison was burning him, he would have flung himself into a nearby stream and drowned. But the stream stayed hot as a result ever since.
  The pass of Thermopylae is most famous for having been the site of a famous battle in 480, at the start of the second Persian war, in which the army of Xerxes defeated the Greeks led by the spartan king Leonidas. In this battle, the Persians of Xerxes owed their victory to the treason of a local resident who showed them a little known path through the mountain that allowed them to secretly round the Greeks and attack them from the rear. Near the northeastern entrance of the pass was a village called Anthele and a temple of Demeter which served as a meeting place for the Delphic Amphictyony.

Bernard Suzanne (page last updated 1998), ed.
This text is cited July 2003 from the Plato and his dialogues URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.


Modern history events

Official pages

TITHOREA (Municipality) FTHIOTIDA
   According to history, before the Medic Wars, there were the towns of Neon (Tithorea) and Pediis (Kato Tithorea) which were burnt by the army of Xerxis. Kato Tithorea also appears as Kalivia of Tithorea (Velitsa). In 1912 it was renamed to Kiffisohori. The nowadays name appears since 1955.
  Neon was one of the most important towns of Fokea. The inhabitants of Fokea create castled towns so as to face the Macedonian danger. During that period of time, they move and create their new town named Tithorea.
  The amazing position of Tithorea makes this town impregnable and impervious to the enemies. In 240-210 b.C. Tithorea gave out her own coin.
  Tithorea is considered to be the ancient metropolis of the inhabitants of Fokea where Fokos was the first who established there and was buried with his wife Adiopi. During the roman period Tithorea becomes a major financial and commercial center.
  The role of Tithorea was very important during the Byzantine Period. The churches and the fabulous wall paintings prove this. The unique in Greece Temple of Abba Zosima is at Tithorea. The Frankish and Turkish domination follow. During the Revolution of 1821, Odysseas Androutsos uses a cave as a permanent base of operations and inflicts huge blights to the Turkish. Also Karaiskakis, this great leader, lived for a short period of time at Velitsa.
  Finally during the period of the possession, the inhabitants denied surrendering at the conquerors. This refusal resulted in the burning of the village by the Italians.
  The female Abbey of Kimisis Theotokou is admirable. It is built at 1.000 m. at the bluff side longs of Parnassus. It was built at the end of 10th a.C. Century.
  The region has history of many centuries. This is proved by the mass of the archaeological findings. The most prosperous cities in the antiquity were Neon and Pediis. Neon is the birthplace of the Fokeans. The inhabitants of Neon build Tithorea. Pafsanias admired the Holy Park of Athens and the temple of Isida. Furthermore the evolvement of the city is remarkable during the Roman and Byzantine period and finally becomes an important trade center. During the Revolution of 1821 Androutsos and then Karaiskakis use the region as chiefdom.

This text is cited June 2005 from the Municipality of Tithorea URL below


Participation in the fights of the Greeks

Naval Battle of Artemisium

OPOUNDIA LOKRIS (Ancient area) FTHIOTIDA
The Opuntian Locrians brought seven fifty-oared barks to their aid

Remarkable selections

Amphictyons

THERMOPYLES (Historic place) LAMIA
Why so called, Amphictyonic League, Amphictyonic Council, its composition, thirty members of council, meet at Thermopylae and Delphi, their jurisdiction, hold Pythian games, crown victorious athletes, make war on Cirrha, rebuild temple at Delphi, fine Phocians for sacrilege, condemn robbers of temple to death, decree destruction of Phocian cities, transfer votes of Phocians to Macedonians, dedicate images of Apollo and statue of Scyllis at Delphi.

Thessalian disaster at Hyampolis

YAMPOLIS (Ancient city) ATALANTI
This is what the besieged Phocians did with the Thessalian footsoldiers. When the Thessalian horsemen rode into their country, the Phocians did them mortal harm; they dug a great pit in the pass near Hyampolis and put empty jars inside it. They then covered it with earth till all was like the rest of the ground and awaited the onset of the Thessalians. These rode on intending to sweep the Phocians before them, and fell in among the jars, whereby their horses' legs were broken.

This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


Roman period (31 BC-324 AD)

ALOPI (Ancient city) FTHIOTIDA
Only Titus Livius (42,6) mentions that Alope was conquered by Quintus Marcius in 171 B.C.

The place was conquered by:

By Philip, 338 B.C.

ELATIA (Ancient city) FTHIOTIDA
Therefore he suddenly seized the city of Elateia, concentrated his forces there and adopted a policy of war with Athens. He expected to have no trouble in defeating them, since their reliance on the existing peace treaty made them unprepared for hostilities; and that is how it worked out. For after Elateia had been occupied (...)

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