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Listed 5 sub titles with search on: History  for wider area of: "IKARIA Province NORTH AEGEAN" .

History (5)

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  The island of Icaria was inhabited as far back as the Stone Age, as evidenced by archaeological data. Much later early Greek-speaking tribes like the Carians, the Leleges and the Pelasgians made their appearance. There is evidence of both Minoan and Phoenician sea masters of the early period. In the 8th c. BC. Ionians came from Miletus, a rich city of Asia Minor, but it was their ill-luck to be enslaved by the Persians in 512 B.C.
  With the eclipse of Persian power, Icaria became an ally of Athens and a member of the Athenian Alliance. During this time the first cities were established. Very close to present-day Therma was the ancient settlement at Therma, though few ruins are to be seen today.
  The remains of Drakanon, another ancient city, are to be found on the eastern cape of the island. The acropolis, crowned by a beautiful castle is believed to date from the Hellenistic period, the time of Alexander.
  On the northern side of the island are the ruins of Oinoe, once the capital city, near the modern village of Kampos. Ancient walls, an aqueduct and parts of a building called "the Palace", are still preserved, and other finds have been collected at the local museum.
  Finally, on the northwestern point, is the floor and a few broken columns of a temple to the goddess Artemis. The village is still called "Nas", a contraction of the Greek word "naos", a place of worship. At the time that this floor was in use, Icaria was rich and prosperous.
  In the years of Alexander the Great, and later when his successor were engaging in ceaseless, wars, Icaria was plagued by the pirates who took advantage of the confusion to raid and plunder the Aegean islands. The population dropped, while others from Samos and Leros came and settled. Finally, Icaria became a part of the Kingdom of Pergamus, in time to be swallowed up by the Roman Empire in 133 B.C.
  The Roman general Pompey temporarily relieved Icaria from a new irruption of pirates, but with the end of the Roman Empire, Icaria fell into decay.
  Improvement came with the Byzantines, refugees from the invasions, Maltese and Genoese sought safety here, and before long, 70,000 people were living on Icaria.
  After the fall of Constantinople to the Franks in 1904 A.D. Venice took several islands, including Icaria. Until 1362 the island was owned by the Venetian Franks and later, by the Genoese. The Ionian Knights of Rhodes took over until the Turks captured the island in 1521. During the early years of the Turkish occupation, the inhabitants took to hiding in caves and steep places.
  In the 19th century local government brought great progress to Icaria, organizing schools, a just taxation system and encouraging the development of farming and navigation. During the Greek Revolution of 1821, many Icarians joined the "Filiki Etairia" - the so-called "Friendly Society" which nourished ideas of Greek independence - and they took an active part in the struggle. In 1911, Italy went to war with Turkey, and took over the Dodecanese as far as neighbouring Patmos.
  Now the Icarians were ready to take their fate into their own hands. With the support of the new Greek government, they rebelled and declared independence on 17 July, 1912. They established a free state with its own army, police, stamps and national anthem. On November 4, 1912, Icaria was united with Greece, the mother country.
This text (extract) is cited July 2003 from the Municipality of Agios Kirikos tourist pamphlet.

  The Ikarian writer Eparchidis wrote the history of Ikaria but few fragments have been found. The first reference to Ikaria is that of Strabo, according to which people of Miletus “cosettled” in Ikaria and also colonized the Black Sea and the West Mediterranean.
  Earlier on, the great divinity of the Ikarians was Dionysos who was connected to the cultivation of the vine (Pramnian wine is mentioned in Homer’s epics). The other divinity was Artemis in the area of Nas, which today belongs to the Municipality of Raches.
  Many historical pieces from Classical, Hellenistic and Byzantine times are exhibited in the Museum of Kampos. Many samples of capitals in blue granite with bas-relief goat heads have also been preserved in Ikaria: the goat being the dominant domestic animal of the island and known as “ρασκό ριφάκι” (the wild, free-grazing goat).   The Ikarians were also members of the Athenian Alliance.
  Ikarian seamen in the fleet of Alexander the Great persuaded him to name “Ikaria” one of the seventeen islands in the Persian Gulf.
This text (extract) is cited January 2004 from the Evdilos Municipal Cultural Organization tourist pamphlet.

  During the Byzantine period, Ikaria was placed under the Genoese Maona of Chios. The resistance of the Ikarians is referred as: “The wealthy left the island and went to Chios, the Crimea and Africa (Egypt), whereas the poor took to the hills”.
  Following this, Ikarians resisted Turkish agha over a cliff in the palanquin “with its bells ringing”, taking on full responsibility for their act, and saying: “We all did it, master”.
  During the liberation war of 1821, the Ikarians, initiated into the Filiki Eteria, abolished Turkish rule and accepted refugees from Chios.
  Again in 1912 Ikarians, on their own initiative, expelled the Turkish guard and proclaimed the island’s independence and Ikaria administered itself as a free state under its own constitution for five months by a Revolutionary Committee, until it joined Greece.
  In 1945 Ikaria, again under its own strength, freed itself from the Italian domination.
This text (extract) is cited January 2004 from the Evdilos Municipal Cultural Organization tourist pamphlet.


Milesians colonized the island Icaros

Anaximenes of Lampsacus says that the Milesians colonized the islands Icaros and Leros.

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