History MANTINIA (Province) ARCADIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 23 sub titles with search on: History  for wider area of: "MANTINIA Province ARCADIA" .


History (23)

Antiquity

ATHINEON (Ancient city) VALTETSI
In 227 BC the settlement was seized by Cleomenes of Sparta and this was the reason for the Cleomenian war. In 223 BC Antigonus Doson, who had taken the settlement, gave it back to the Megalopolitans.

Battles

The battle of Dipaia (471 BC)

DIPEA (Ancient city) FALANTHOS
The Lacedaemonians, hearing of the oracle the Pythian priestess had given to Tisamenus, persuaded him to migrate from Elis and to be state-diviner at Sparta. And Tisamenus won them five contests in war. The first was at Plataea against the Persians; the second was at Tegea, when the Lacedaemonians had engaged the Tegeans and Argives; the third was at Dipaea, an Arcadian town in Maenalia, when all the Arcadians except the Mantineans were arrayed against them.

Battle of Mantinea, 362 BC.

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
Stalemate after the Battle of Mantinea
   The alliances of the various city-states shifted often in the repeated conflicts that took place in Greece during these early decades of the fourth century B.C. The threat from Thessaly faded with Jason's murder in 370 B.C., and the former enemies Sparta and Athens momentarily allied against the Thebans in the battle of Mantinea in the Peloponnese in 362 B.C. Thebes won the battle but lost the war when its great leader Epaminondas fell at Mantinea and no credible replacement for him could be found. The Theban quest for dominance in Greece was over. Xenophon adroitly summed up the situation after 362 B.C. with these closing remarks from the history that he wrote of the Greeks in his time (Hellenica ): "Everyone had supposed that the winners of this battle would be Greece's rulers and its losers their subjects; but there was only more confusion and disturbance in Greece after it than before". The truth of his analysis was confirmed when the naval alliance led by Athens dissolved in the mid-350s B.C. in a war among the leader and the allies. All the efforts of the various major Greek states to extend their hegemony over mainland Greece in this period therefore ended in failure. By the mid 350s B.C., no Greek city-state had the power to rule more than itself on a consistent basis. The struggle for supremacy in Greece that had begun eighty years earlier with the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War had finally ended in a stalemate of exhaustion that opened the way for a new power-- the kingdom of Macedonia.

This text is from: Thomas Martin's An Overview of Classical Greek History from Homer to Alexander, Yale University Press. Cited Sep 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


Battle at the plain of Mantinea 418 BC

SKOPI (Village) TRIPOLI
The Mantineans did not fight on the side of the other Arcadians against the Lacedaemonians at Dipaea, but in the Peloponnesian war they rose with the Eleans against the Lacedaemonians, and joined in battle with them after the arrival of reinforcements from Athens...Such was the battle, as nearly as possible as I have described it; the greatest that had occurred for a very long while among the Hellenes, and joined by the most considerable states.

Cavalry battle

Pausanias claims that a cavalry battle took place at the Pelagus, but it is more possible that it actually took place at Skopi (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p.215, note 1). The battle is narrated in detail by Xenophon (Xenophon, Hell. 7,5,15-27 )

Battle of Tegea, 473 BC

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
Argos getting stronger, joined with cities of Arcadia to present opposition to Sparta. In the battle Spartan wins but not decisively.

The battle of Valtetsi, 24 April & 12 May 1821

VALTETSI (Village) ARCADIA

Benefactors of the place

Antoninus I

PALLANTION (Ancient city) TRIPOLI
Roman emperor, grants freedom to Pallantium, conquers Moors and Brigantians, his liberality, called Pius by the Romans, his gifts and building recorded by other writers.

Nations & tribes

The old parishes of Tegea

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
The Tegeans say that in the time of Tegeates, son of Lycaon, only the district got its name from him, and that the inhabitants dwelt in parishes, Gareatae, Phylacenses, Caryatae, Corythenses, Potachidae, Oeatae, Manthyrenses, Echeuethenses. But in the reign of Apheidas a ninth parish was added to them, namely Apheidantes.

Official pages

Trikorfa

TRIPOLI (Municipality) ARCADIA

Tripolitsa during the Revolution of 1821

TRIPOLI (Town) ARCADIA

Participation in the fights of the Greeks

The Sicilian Expedition

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
The Mantineans did not fight on the side of the other Arcadians against the Lacedaemonians at Dipaea, but in the Peloponnesian war they rose with the Eleans against the Lacedaemonians, and joined in battle with them after the arrival of reinforcements from Athens. Their friendship with the Athenians led them to take part also in the Sicilian expedition.

Battle of Thermopylae

The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans.

Battle of Thermopylae

ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans

Battle of Plataea

. . . Next to these were six hundred Arcadians from Orchomenus, and after them three thousand men of Sicyon.

Battle of Thermopylae

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
The Hellenes who awaited the Persians in that place were these: three hundred Spartan armed men; one thousand from Tegea and Mantinea, half from each place; one hundred and twenty from Orchomenus in Arcadia and one thousand from the rest of Arcadia; that many Arcadians, four hundred from Corinth, two hundred from Phlius, and eighty Mycenaeans. These were the Peloponnesians present; from Boeotia there were seven hundred Thespians and four hundred Thebans.

Battle of Plataea

The Spartans chose the Tegeans for their neighbors in the battle, both to do them honor, and for their valor; there were of these fifteen hundred men-at-arms.

Remarkable selections

Oresthasians and Phigalians

ORESTHION (Ancient city) VALTETSI
When the Lacedaemonians attacked the Arcadians and invaded Phigalia, they overcame the inhabitants in battle and sat down to besiege the city. When the walls were in danger of capture the Phigalians ran away, or perhaps the Lacedaemonians let them come out under a truce.The Phigalians who escaped resolved to go to Delphi and ask the god about their return. The Pythian priestess said that if they took with them one hundred picked men from Oresthasium, these would die in the battle, but through them the Phigalians would be restored to their city. When the Oresthasians heard of the oracle delivered to the Phigalians, all vied with one another in their eagerness to be one of the picked hundred and take part in the expedition to Phigalia. They advanced against the Lacedaemonian garrison and fulfilled the oracle in all respects. For they fought and met their end gloriously; expelling the Spartans they enabled the Phigalians to recover their native land.

Roman period (31 BC-324 AD)

Antigonea

MANTINIA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
Name given to Mantinea in honour of Antigonus.

The place was conquered by:

Lacedaemonians

Later on a Lacedaemonian army under Agesipolis, the son of Pausanias, invaded their territory. Agesipolis was victorious in the battle and shut up the Mantineans within their walls, capturing the city shortly after. He did not take it by storm, but turned the river Ophis against its fortifications, which were made of unburnt brick. Now against the blows of engines brick brings greater security than fortifications built of stone. For stones break and are dislodged from their fittings; brick, however, does not suffer so much from engines, but it crumbles under the action of water just as wax is melted by the sun. After taking Mantineia, he left a small part of it inhabited, but by far the greater part he razed to the ground, settling the inhabitants in villages. Fate decreed that the Thebans should restore the Mantineans from the villages to their own country after the engagement at Leuctra.

Victories

The fetters of the Lacedaemonians

TEGEA (Ancient city) ARCADIA
The Lacedaemonians with Charillus leading marched against Tegea having misunderstood a divination . They had also taken with them fetters to tie the Tegeans they would capture. But it turned out that the Tegeans won the battle, so they captured the Lacedaemonians, tied them with their own fetters and made them work at the Tegean fields as slaves (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 2, p. 323, note 2). Hanging up are the fetters, except such as have been destroyed by rust, worn by the Lacedaemonian prisoners when they dug the plain of Tegea (Paus. 8,47,2).

...When the Lacedaemonians heard the oracle reported, they left the other Arcadians alone and marched on Tegea carrying chains, relying on the deceptive oracle. They were confident they would enslave the Tegeans, but they were defeated in battle.Those taken alive were bound in the very chains they had brought with them, and they measured the Tegean plain with a rope by working the fields. The chains in which they were bound were still preserved in my day, hanging up at the temple of Athena Alea.

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