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City of Thessalia.
Larissa was the leading city of Thessalia
in the Vth and IVth centuries B. C. Thucydides, in his Histories, II, 22, 3, mentions
it first among the Thessalian cities that sent troops to help Athens
against Sparta in 431, at
the beginning of the Peloponnesian war, and gives the name of two generals from
Larissa, one from each of the two leading factions.
Larisa was the home of several leading Thessalian families, first
among them, the Aleuadae, offspring of Aleuas, whose leaders at the time of the
Persian wars were three brothers, Thorax, Eurypylus and Thrasydaeus, who sided
with Xerxes. Another leader of the Aleuadae toward the end of the Vth century
B. C. was Aristippus, shown by Xenophon (Anabasis, I, 1, 10) as host of Cyrus
the Younger, who helped him against rival Thessalian factions. Larissa was indeed
the birthplace of Meno, who thus became, along with Xenophon and a few others,
one of the generals leading several thousands Greeks from various places, in the
ill-fated expedition of 404 meant to help Cyrus the Younger, son of Darius II,
king of Persia, overthrow
his elder brother Artaxerxes II and take over the throne of Persia.
Bernard Suzanne (page last updated 1998), ed.
This extract is cited July 2003 from the Plato and his dialogues URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.
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