Listed 6 sub titles with search on: History
for wider area of: "ALONISSOS
Catastrophes of the place
Visitations from the Barbarossa
In 403 B.C.
The 1453 B.C.
Tradition holds that the Cretans,with the mythical hero Staphylos
as their leader, established colonies on Peparithos
and on Ikos, in the
16th century B.C.during the Minoan domination of the Aegean Sea.
The Minoan colony later acquired a Mycenean character. The Mycenean
city stood on the site today known as Kokkinokastro, on the easter side of the
island. However, it is historically ascertained that the Geometric period finds
Ikos under the domination of the Dolopes. In time the Dolopes turned in to dangerous
pirates and became the scourge of the Aegean. The Athenian navy later on set out
to confront them, under the leadership of Cimon, who routed them and annexed all
the islands to Athens. Thus, in 476 B.C. the island joins the first Athenian Alliance.
During the classical period Ikos must have contained two cities. one
of them was probably located at Kokkinokastro, where ruins of the wall remain
till today and the other one on the site where the Village of Horio or Old Alonissos
stands today. During this period the island was renowned for its vineyards and
its exceptional wine.
In 190 B.C. the island was taken by the Roman navy. After this point
there is no further information on the history of Ikos until the occupation of
Constantinople by the Franks in 1204 A.D. when both Constantinople and the other
neighbouring islands pass in to the hands of the Venetian.
Togethet with Skopelos,
Alonissos is occupied by successive conquerors. After the fall of Constantinople
to the Turks, in 1453, the islands are turned over to the Venetians. They remained
Venetian until 1538, when the Turkish navy, under the leadership of Khair-ed-Din
Barbarossa, imposed Turkish authority.
During the Greek revolution of 1821 and the first years of independence
of Greek Nation, Greeks from different parts of Greece took refuge on Alonissos.
These people, along with the natives of the island compose the present population
This text is cited Mar 2003 from the Municipality of Alonissos URL below, which contains image.
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