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Listed 4 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "PAPHOS Ancient city CYPRUS" .

Homeric world (4)

Ancient towns


PAPHOS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
A city in western Cyprus with a famous temple dedicated to Aphrodite (Od. 8.363).



Cinyras gave a corselet for a guest-gift to Agamemnon, when the latter went to Cyprus in order to convice him to participate in the Trojan War (Il. 11.20 etc.).
He accepted Teucer of Salamis in Cyprus and gave him one of his daughters as wife.

Cinyras (Kinuras). Supposed, in the Greek mythology, to have been king of Cyprus, the oldest priest of Aphrodite in Paphos, the founder of that city, and the ancestor of the priestly family of the Cinyradae. His wealth and long life, bestowed upon him by Aphrodite, were proverbial; and from Apollo, who was said to be his father, he received the gift of song. He was accounted the founder of the ancient hymns sung at the services of the Paphian Aphrodite and of Adonis. Consequently he was reckoned among the oldest singers and musicians, his name, perhaps, being Phοεnician, derived from kinnor, a harp. The story added that he was the father of Adonis (q.v.) by his own daughter Myrrha, and that, when made aware of the sin, he took away his own life.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Cinyras (Kinuras), a famous Cyprian hero. According to the common tradition, he was a son of Apollo by Paphos, king of Cyprus, and priest of the Paphian Aphrodite, which latter office renained hereditary in his family, the Cinyradae (Pind. Pyth. ii. 26, &c.; Tac. Hist. ii. 3; Schol. ad Thieocrit. i. 109). Tacitus describes him as having come to Cyprus from Cilicia, from whence he introduced the worship of Aphrodite; and Apollodorus (iii. 14.3) too calls him a son of Sandacus, who had emigrated from Syria to Cilicia. Cinyras, after his arrival in Cyprus, founded the town of Paphos. He was married to Metharne, the daughter of the Cyprian king, Pygmalion, by whom he had several children. One of them was Adonis, whom, according to some traditions, he begot unwittingly in an incestuous intercourse with his own daughter, Smyrna. He afterwards killed himself on discovering this crime, into which he had been led by the anger of Aphrodite (Hygin. Fab. 58, 242; Antonin. Lib. 34; Ov. Met. x. 310, &c.). According to other traditions, he had promised to assist Agamemnon and the Greeks in their war against Troy; but, as he did not keep his word, he was cursed by Agamemnon, and Apollo took vengeance upon him by entering into a contest with him, in which he was defeated and slain (Hom. Il. xi. 20, with the note of Eustath.). His daughters, fifty in number, leaped into the sea, and were metamorphosed into alcyones. He is also described as the founder of the town of Cinyreia in Cyprus (Plin. H. N. v. 31; Nonn. Dionys. xiii. 451).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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