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Listed 8 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for destination: "YRIA Ancient city AVLIDA".

Homeric world (8)

Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

Trojan War

Hyria participated in the Trojan War and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships (Il. 2.496).



Daughter of Asopus, mother of Zethus and Amphion (Od. 11.260). According to Apollodorus, she was the daughter of Nycteus (Apollod. 3,5,5).

   Antiope. In Homer a daughter of the Boeotian river-god Asopus, mother by Zeus of Amphion and Zethus. In later legend her father is Nycteus of Hyria or Hysiae. As he threatened to punish her for yielding to the approaches of Zeus under the form of a satyr, she fled to Epopeus of Sicyon. This king her uncle Lycus killed by order of his brother Nycteus, now dead, and led her back in chains. Arrived on Mount Cithaeron, she gave birth to twins--Amphion by Zeus, Zethus by Epopeus--whom Lycus left exposed upon the mountain. After being long imprisoned and ill-treated by Dirce, the wife of Lycus, she escaped to Cithaeron, and made acquaintance with her sons, whom a shepherd had brought up. She made them take a frightful vengeance upon Dirce by tying her to a furious bull, for doing which Dionysus drove her mad, and she wandered through Greece until Phocus, king of Phocis, healed her and made her his wife.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



Orion was a giant, son of Hyrieus (Strab. 9.2.12) and was slain by Artemis in Delos. In Homer, he is also mentioned as a constellation (Il. 18.486 & 488, 22.29, Od. 5.121, 11.310 & 572).
According to subsequent myths, he was a son of Poseidon by Euryale.

   Orion. A celebrated giant, said by one legend to have been the son of Poseidon and Euryale. His father, according to this same account, gave him the power of wading through the depths of the sea, or, as others say, of walking on its surface. He married Side, whom Here cast into Erebus for contending with her in beauty. Another and more common account makes Hyria, a town of Boeotia, to have been the birthplace of Orion, and the story of his origin is told as follows: As Zeus, Poseidon, and Hermes were taking a ramble upon earth, they came, late in the evening, to the house of a farmer named Hyrieus. Seeing the wayfarers, Hyrieus, who was standing at his door, invited them to enter, and pass the night in his humble abode. The gods accepted the kind invitation, and were hospitably entertained. Pleased with their host, they inquired if he had any wish which he desired to have gratified. Hyrieus replied that he once had a wife whom he tenderly loved, and that he had sworn never to marry another. She was dead; he was childless; his vow was binding; and yet he was desirous of being a father. The gods took the hide of his only ox, which he, on discovering their true nature, had sacrificed in their honour: they buried it in the earth; and ten months afterwards a boy came to light, whom Hyrieus named Urion or Orion (apo tou ourein, Ovid, Fasti, v. 495 foll.; Hyg. Fab. 195). This legend owes its origin to the name Orion, and was the invention of the Athenians. In Hyginus, Hyrieus is Byrseus, from the hide (bursa).
    When Orion grew up, he went, according to this same account, to the island of Chios, where he became enamoured of Aero or Merope, the daughter of Oenopion, son of Dionysus and Ariadne. He sought her in marriage; but, while wooing, seized a favourable opportunity and offered her violence. Her father, incensed at this conduct, and having made Orion drunk, blinded him, and cast him on the seashore. The blinded hero contrived to reach Lemnos, and came to the forge of Hephaestus, who, taking pity on him, gave him Cedalion (Guardian), one of his men, to be his guide to the abode of the Sun. Placing Cedalion on his shoulder, Orion proceeded to the East; and there, meeting the sun-god, was restored to vision by his beams. Anxious for revenge on Oenopion, he returned to Chios; but the Chians, aware of his intention, concealed the object of his search under the ground, and Orion, unable to find him, returned to Crete. The death of Orion is variously related. As all the legends relating to him are evidently later than the time of Homer, none ventures to assign any other cause to it than the goddess Artemis, whose wrath (though Homer rather says the contrary) he drew on himself. Some said that he attempted to offer violence to the goddess herself; others to Opis, one of her Hyperborean maidens, and that Artemis slew him with her arrows; others, again, that it was for presuming to challenge the goddess at the discus. It was also said that, when he came to Crete, he boasted to Leto and Artemis that he was able to kill anything that would come from the earth. Indignant at his boast, they sent a scorpion, which stung him, and he died. It was said, finally, that Artemis loved Orion, and was even about to marry him. Her brother was highly displeased, and often reproached her, but to no purpose. At length, observing one day Orion wading through the sea with his head just above the waters, he pointed it out to his sister, and maintained that she could not hit that black thing on the water. To show her skill she took aim and hit it, thus slaying Orion. Asclepius attempted to restore him to life, but was slain by Zeus with a thunderbolt.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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