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Homeric world (10)

Greek leaders in the Trojan War

Aias (Ajax) the Locrian

Aias was the son of Oileus and leader of the Locrians in the Trojan War. Physically, he was of small stature compared to Aias the Telamonian, but an excellent fighter (Il. 2.527).


He lost all his ships during his return home from Troy, while he was saved in a storm with the help of Poseidon. But his claim that this occurred without the willing of the gods caused the anger of Poseidon, who provoked a crack on the rock, where Aias was saved, resulting his drowning (Od. 4.499).


Aiax (Aias, Ajax). Son of Oileus, king of the Locrians, also called the lesser Aiax, sailed against Troy in forty ships. He is described as small of stature, but skilled in throwing the spear, and, next to Achilles, the most swiftfooted among the Greeks. On his return from Troy his vessel was wrecked; he himself safely reached a rock through the assistance of Poseidon; but, as he boasted that he would escape in defiance of the immortals, Poseidon split the rock with his trident, and Aiax was swallowed up by the sea. This is the account of Homer. Others tell us that the anger of Athene was excited against him because on the night of the capture of Troy he violated Cassandra in the temple of the goddess.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Ajax. The son of Oileus, king of the Locrians, who is also called the Lesser Ajax (Hom. Il. ii. 527). His mother's name was Eriopis. According to Strabo (ix.) his birthplace was Naryx in Locris, whence Ovid (Met. xiv. 468) calls him Narycius heros. According to the Iliad (ii. 527, &c.) he led his Locrians in forty ships (Hygin. Fab. 97, says twenty) against Troy. He is described as one of the great heroes among the Greeks, and acts frequently in conjunction with the Telamonian Ajax. He is small of stature and wears a linen cuirass (linothorex), but is brave and intrepid, especially skilled in throwing the spear, and, next to Achilles, the most swift-footed among all the Greeks (Il. xiv. 520, &c., xxiii. 789, &c.). His principal exploits during the siege of Troy are mentioned in the following passages: xiii. 700, &c., xiv. 520, &c., xvi. 350, xvii. 256, 732, &c. In the funeral games at the pyre of Patroclus he contended with Odysseus and Antilochus for the prize in the footrace; but Athena, who was hostile towards him and favoured Odysseus, made him stumble and fall, so that he gained only the second prize (xxiii. 754, &c.). On his return from Troy his vessel was wrecked on the Whirling Rocks (Gurai petrai), but he himself escaped upon a rock through the assistance of Poseidon, and would have been saved in spite of Athena, but he used presumptuous words, and said that he would escape the dangers of the sea in defiance of the immortals. Hereupon Poseidon split the rock with his trident, and Ajax was swallowed up by the sea (Od. iv. 499, &c.).
  In later traditions this Ajax is called a son of Oileus and the nymph Rhene, and is also mentioned among the suitors of Helen (Hygin. Fab. 81, 97; Apollod. iii. 10.8). According to a tradition in Philostratus (Her. iii. 1), Ajax had a tame dragon, five cubits in length, which followed him everywhere like a dog. After the taking of Troy, it is said, he rushed into the temple of Athena, where Cassandra had taken refuge, and was embracing the statue of the goddess as a suppliant. Ajax dragged her away with violence and led her to the other captives (Virg. Aen. ii. 403 ; Eurip. Troad. 70, &c.; Dict. Cret. v. 12; Hygin. Fab. 116). According to some statements he even violated Cassandra in the temple of the goddess (Tryphiod. 635; Q. Smyrn. xiii. 422 ; Lycophr. 360, with the Schol.); Odysseus at least accused him of this crime, and Ajax was to be stoned to death, but saved himself by establishing his innocence by an oath (Paus. x. 26.1, 31.1). The whole charge, is on the other hand, said to have been an invention of Agamemnon, who wanted to have Cassandra for himself. But whether true or not, Athena had sufficient reason for being indignant, as Ajax had dragged a suppliant from her temple. When on his voyage homeward he came to the Capharean rocks on the coast of Euboea, his ship was wrecked in a storm, he himself was killed by Athena with a flash of lightning, and his body was washed upon the rocks, which henceforth were called the rocks of Ajax (Hygin. Fab. 116; comp. Virg. Aen. i. 40, &c., xi. 260). For a different account of his death see Philostr. Her. viii. 3, and Schol. ad Lycophr. l. c. After his death his spirit dwelled in the island of Leuce (Paus. iii. 19.11). The Opuntian Locrians worshipped Ajax as their national hero, and so great was their faith in him, that when they drew up their army in battle array, they always left one place open for him, believing that, although invisible to them, he was fighting for and among them. The story of Ajax was frequently made use of by ancient poets and artists, and the hero who appears on some Locrian coins with the helmet, shield, and sword, is probably Ajax the son of Oileus.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Kings

Oileus & Eriopis

They were the parents of Aias the Locrian. Oileus was also the father of Medon by Rhene (Il. 2.527 & 727, 13.697, 15.336).


   Oileus. The son of Hodoedocus and Laonome, grandson of Cynus, and great-grandson of Opus, was a king of the Locrians, and married to Eriopis, by whom he became the father of Aiax, who is hence called Oilides, Oiliades, and Aiax Oilei. Oileus was also the father of Medon by Rhene. He is mentioned among the Argonauts.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Oileus & Eriopis: Perseus Encyclopedia


Other persons

Rhene

The mother of Medon by Oileus (Il. 2.728).


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