Homeric world PARNASSOS (Mountain) VIOTIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 5 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for destination: "PARNASSOS Mountain VIOTIA".

Homeric world (5)



A mountain in Phocis, which is mentioned by Homer (Od. 19.432).


Autolycus & Amphithea

Autolycus, was the son of Hermes, father of Anticlea by Amphithea (Od. 19.416) and grandfather of Odysseus (Il. 10.267, Od. 19.394).
Pausanias mentions that he was married to Neaera, daughter of Pereus, from the Mt. Cyllene (Paus. 8,4,6).

Autolycus, (Autolukos). Son of Hermes and Chione, or (according to another account) Philonis; father of Anticlea, the mother of Odysseus. In Greek mythology he figured as the prince of thieves. From his father he inherited the gift of making himself and all his stolen goods invisible, or changing them so as to preclude the possibility of recognition. He was an accomplished wrestler, and was said to have given Heracles instruction.

Sinopians themselves referred the foundation of their city to Autolycus, a companion of Heracles, and one of the Argonauts, to whom they paid heroic honours (Strab. l. c.) (see http://www.gtp.gr/AncientSinope )

Autolycus (Autolukos). A son of Hermes or Daedalion by Chione, Philonis, or Telauge. (Apollod. i. 9.16; Hygin. Fab. 201; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 804.) He was the husband of Neaera (Paus. viii. 4.3), or according to Homer (Od. xix. 394), of Amphithea, by whom he became the father of Anticleia, the mother of Odysseus and Aesimus. He had his residence on mount Parnassus, and was renowned among men for his cunning and oaths. (Comp. Hygin. l. c.; Ov. Met. xi. 311.) Once when he came to Ithaca as a guest, the nurse placed his newly-born grandson Odysseus on his knees, and he gave the child the name Odysseus. Afterwards, when Odysseus was staying with him, he was wounded by a boar during the chase on Parnassus, and it was by the scar of this wound that Odysseus was subsequently recognized by his aged nurse, when he returned from Troy (Paus. x. 8.4; Ov. Met. xi. 295, & c.; Hygin. Fab. 200). Polymede, the mother of Jason, was, according to Apollodorus, a daughter of this Autolycus, and the same writer (ii. 4.9) not only describes him as the teacher of Heracles in the art of wrestling, but mentions him among the Argonauts; the latter of which statements arose undoubtedly from a confusion of this Autolycus with the Thessalian of the same name. Autolycus is very famous in ancient story as a successful robber, who had even the power of metamorphosing both the stolen goods and himself. (Hom. Il. x. 267; Hygin. Fab. 201 ; Apollod. ii. 6.2; Strab. ix; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 408; Serv. ad Aen. ii. 79.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited April 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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