Homeric world FTHIA (Ancient city) LARISSA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 34 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for destination: "FTHIA Ancient city LARISSA".


Homeric world (34)

Ancient towns

Phthia

Homer refers to Phthia under the name Hellas (Od. 4.726, 816). The country (later Phthiotis) was named after the city of Phthia (Il. 1.155, 2.683, 9.355, Od. 11.396). It was the seat of Achilles and was also called "the city of the Myrmidons" (Od. 4.9).

Greek leaders in the Trojan War

Achilles

He was the son of Pyleus and Thetis, leader of the Myrmidons with 50 ships in the Trojan War (Il. 2.681, 16.168).

The horses of Achilles were called Xanthus and Balius and were born by Zephyrus and the Harpy Podarge (Il. 16.149). In the passage 19.405 of the Iliad, Hera gives human voice to Xanthus in order to presage the death of Achilles. Besides these two horses, the hero also had Pedasus (Il. 16.152).

Achilles. The famous son of Peleus, king of Phthiotis in Thessaly, by Thetis, the sea-deity. According to Lycophron, Thetis became the mother of seven male children by Peleus, six of whom she threw into the fire, because they were not of the same nature with herself, and because the treatment she had received was unworthy of her rank as a goddess. The scholiast on Homer, however, states, that Thetis threw her children into the fire in order to ascertain whether they were mortal or not, the goddess supposing that the fire would consume what was mortal in their natures, while she would preserve what was immortal. The scholiast adds that six of her children perished by this harsh experiment, and that she had, in like manner, thrown the seventh, afterwards named Achilles, into the flames, when Peleus, having beheld the deed, rescued his offspring from this perilous situation. Tzetzes assigns a different motive to Thetis in the case of Achilles. He makes her to have been desirous of conferring immortality upon him, and states that with this view she anointed him with ambrosia during the day, and threw him into fire at evening. Peleus, having discovered the goddess in the act of consigning his child to the flames, cried out with alarm, whereupon Thetis, abandoning the object she had in view, left the court of Peleus and rejoined the nymphs of the ocean. Dictys Cretensis makes Peleus to have rescued Achilles from the fire before any part of his body had been injured but the heel. What has thus far been stated in relation to Achilles, with the single exception of the names of his parents, Peleus and Thetis, is directly at variance with the authority of Homer, and must therefore be regarded as a mere postHomeric fable. Equally at variance with the account given by the bard is the more popular fiction that Thetis plunged her son into the waters of the Styx, and by that immersion rendered the whole of his body invulnerable, except the heel by which she held him. There are several passages in the Iliad which plainly show that the poet does not ascribe to Achilles the possession of any peculiar physical defence against danger.
   The care of his education and training was intrusted, according to the common authorities, to the centaur Chiron, and to Phoenix, son of Amyntor. Homer specifically mentions Phoenix as his first instructor. Those, however, who pay more regard in this case to the statements of other writers, make Chiron to have had charge of Achilles first, and to have fed him on the marrow of wild animals; according to Libanius, on that of lions. Calchas having predicted, when Achilles had attained the age of nine years, that Troy could not be taken without him, Thetis, well aware that her son, if he joined that expedition, was destined to perish, sent him disguised in female attire to the court of Lycomedes, king of the island of Scyros, for the purpose of being concealed there. At the court of Lycomedes, he received the name of Pyrrha (Purra, Rufa), from his golden locks, and became the father of Neoptolemus by Deidamia, one of the monarch's daughters. In this state of concealment Achilles remained until discovered by Odysseus, who came to the island in the disguise of a travelling merchant. The chieftain of Ithaca offered, it seems, various articles of female attire for sale, and mingled with them some pieces of armor. On a sudden blast being given with a trumpet, Achilles discovered himself by seizing upon the arms. The young warrior then joined the army against Troy. This account, however, of the concealment of Achilles is contradicted by the express authority of Homer, who represents him as proceeding directly to the Trojan war from the court of his father. ( Il.ix. 439.) The Greeks, having made good their landing on the shores of Troas, proved so superior to the enemy as to compel them to seek shelter within their walls. No sooner was this done than the Greeks were forced to turn their principal attention to the means of supporting their numerous forces. A part of the army was therefore sent to cultivate the rich vales of the Thracian Chersonesus, then abandoned by their inhabitants on account of the incursions of the barbarians from the interior. But the Grecian army, being weakened by this separation of its force, could no longer deter the Trojans from again taking the field, nor prevent succour and supplies from being sent into the city. Thus the siege was protracted to the length of ten years. During a great part of this time, Achilles was employed in lessening the resources of Priam by the reduction of the tributary cities of Asia Minor. With a fleet he ravaged the coasts of Mysia, made frequent disembarkations of his forces, and succeeded eventually in destroying eleven cities. Among the spoils of one, Achilles obtained the beautiful Briseis, while, at the taking of Thebe, Chryseis, the daughter of Chryses, a priest of Apollo at Chrysa, became the prize of Agamemnon. A pestilence shortly after appeared in the Grecian camp, and Calchas, encouraged by the proffered protection of Achilles, ventured to attribute it to Agamemnon's detention of the daughter of Chryses, whom her father had endeavored to ransom, but in vain. The monarch, although deeply offended, was compelled at last to surrender his captive; but, as an act of retaliation, and to testify his resentment, he deprived Achilles of Briseis. Hence arose "the anger of the son of Peleus", on which is based the action of the Iliad. Achilles, on his part, withdrew his forces from the contest, and neither prayers nor entreaties, nor direct offers of reconciliation, couched in the most tempting and flattering terms, could induce him to return to the field. The death of his friend Patroclus, however, by the hand of Hector, roused him at length to action and revenge, and a reconciliation having thereupon taken place between the two Grecian leaders, Briseis was restored. As the arms of Achilles, having been worn by Patroclus, had become the prize of Hector, Hephaestus, at the request of Thetis, fabricated a suit of impenetrable armour for her son. Arrayed in this, Achilles took the field, and after a great slaughter of the Trojans, and a contest with the god of the Scamander, by whose waters he was nearly overwhelmed, he met Hector, chased him thrice around the walls of Troy, and finally slew him by the aid of Athene. According to Homer, Achilles dragged the corpse of Hector at his chariot-wheels thrice round the tomb of Patroclus, and from the language of the poet he would appear to have done this for several days in succession. Vergil, however, makes Achilles to have dragged the body of Hector twice round the walls of Troy. In this it is probable that the Roman poet followed one of the cyclic or else the tragic writers. The corpse of the Trojan hero was at last yielded up to the tears and supplications of Priam, who had come for that purpose to the tent of Achilles, and a truce was granted the Trojans for the performance of the funeral obsequies. Achilles did not long survive his illustrious opponent. According to the more generally received account, as it is given by the scholiast on Lycophron, and also by Dictys Cretensis and Dares Phrygius, Achilles, having become enamoured of Polyxena, the daughter of Priam, signified to the monarch that he would become his ally on condition of receiving her hand in marriage. Priam consented, and the parties having come for that purpose to the temple of the Thymbraean Apollo, Achilles was treacherously slain by Paris, who had concealed himself there, being wounded by him with an arrow in the heel. The ashes of the hero were mingled in a golden urn with those of his friend Patroclus, and were said to repose at Sigaeum.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Jan 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Achilles (Achilleus). In the legends about Achilles, as about all the heroes of the Trojan war, the Homeric traditions should be carefully kept apart from the various additions and embellishments with which the gaps of the ancient story have been filled up by later poets and mythographers, not indeed by fabrications of their own, but by adopting those supplementary details, by which oral tradition in the course of centuries had variously altered and developed the original kernel of the story, or those accounts which were peculiar only to certain localities.
Homeric story.
Achilles was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidones in Phthiotis, in Thessaly, and of the Nereid Thetis (Hom. Il. xx. 206, &c.). From his father's name he is often called Peleides, Peleiades, or Peleion (Hom. Il. xviii. 316; i. 1; i. 197; Virg. Aen. ii. 263), and from that of his grandfather Aeacus, he derived his name Aeacides (Aiakides, Il. ii. 860; Virg. Aen. i. 99). He was educated from his tender childhood by Phoenix, who taught him eloquence and the arts of war, and accompanied him to the Trojan war, and to whom the hero always shewed great attachment (ix. 485, &c.; 438, &c.). In the healing art he was instructed by Cheiron, the centaur (xi. 832). His mother Thetis foretold him that his fate was either to gain glory and die early, or to live a long but inglorious life (ix. 410,&c.). The hero chose the earlier, and took part in the Trojan war, from which he knew that he was not to return. In fifty ships, or according to later traditions, in sixty (Hygin. Fab. 97), he led his hosts of Myrmidones, Hellenes, and Achaeans against Troy (ii. 681, &c., xvi. 168). Here the swift-footed Achilles was the great bulwark of the Greeks, and the worthy favourite of Athena and Hera (i. 195, 208). Previous to his dispute with Agamemnon, he ravaged the country around Troy, and destroyed twelve towns on the coast and eleven in the interior of the country (ix. 328, &c.). When Agamemnon was obliged to give up Chryseis to her father, he threatened to take away Briseis from Achilles, who surrendered her on the persuasion of Athena, but at the same time refused to take any further part in the war, and shut himself up in his tent. Zeus, on the entreaty of Thetis, promised that victory should be on the side of the Trojans, until the Achaeans should have honoured her son (i. 26, to the end). The affairs of the Greeks declined in consequence, and they were at last pressed so hard, that Agamemnon advised them to take to flight (ix. 17, &c.). But other chiefs opposed this counsel, and an embassy was sent to Achilles, offering him rich presents and the restoration of Briseis (ix. 119, &c.); but in vain. At last, however, he was persuaded by Patroclus, his dearest friend, to allow him to make use of his men, his horses, and his armour (xvi. 49, &c.). Patroclus was slain, and when this news reached Achilles, he was seized with unspeakable grief. Thetis consoled him, and promised new arms, which were to be made by Hephaestus, and Iris appeared to rouse him from his lamentations, and exhorted him to rescue the body of Patroclus (xviii. 166, &c.). Achilles now rose, and his thundering voice alone put the Trojans to flight. When his new armour was brought to him, he reconciled himself to Agamemnon, and hurried to the field of battle, disdaining to take any drink or food until the death of his friend should be avenged (xix. 155, &c.). He wounded and slew numbers of Trojans (xx. xxi.), and at length met Hector, whom he chased thrice around the walls of the city. He then slew him, tied his body to his chariot, and dragged him to the ships of the Greeks (xxii). After this, he burnt the body of Patroclus, together with twelve young captive Trojans, who were sacrificed to appease the spirit of his friend; and subsequently gave up the body of Hector to Priam, who came in person to beg for it (xxiii. xxiv.). Achilles himself fell in the battle at the Scaean gate, before Troy was taken. His death itself does not occur in the Iliad, but it is alluded to in a few passages (xxii. 358, &c., xxi. 278, &c.). It is expressly mentioned in the Odyssey (xxiv. 36, &c.), where it is said that his fall --his conqueror is not mentioned-- was lamented by gods and men, that his remains together with those of Patroclus were buried in a golden urn which Dionysus had given as a present to Thetis, and were deposited in a place on the coast of the Hellespont, where a mound was raised over them. Achilles is the principal hero of the Iliad, and the poet dwells upon the delineation of his character with love and admiration, feelings in which his readers cannot but sympathise with him. Achilles is the handsomest and bravest of all the Greeks; he is affectionate towards his mother and his friends, formidable in battles, which are his delight; open-hearted and without fear, and at the same time susceptible to the gentle and quiet joys of home. His greatest passion is ambition, and when his sense of honour is hurt, he is unrelenting in his revenge and anger, but withal submits obediently to the will of the gods.
Later traditions.
These chiefly consist in accounts which fill up the history of his youth and death. His mother wishing to make her son immortal, is said to have concealed him by night in fire, in order to destroy the mortal parts he had inherited from his father, and by day she anointed him with ambrosia. But Peleus one night discovered his child in the fire, and cried out in terror. Thetis left her son and fled, and Peleus entrusted him to Cheiron, who educated and instructed him in the arts of riding, hunting, and playing the phorminx, and also changed his original name, Ligyron, i. e. the "whining," into Achilles (Pind. Nem. iii. 51, &c.; Orph. Argon. 395; Apollon. Rhod. iv. 813; Stat. Achil. i. 269, &c.; Apollod. iii. 13.6, &c.). Cheiron fed his pupil with the hearts of lions and the marrow of bears. According to other accounts, Thetis endeavoured to make Achilles immortal by dipping him in the river Styx, and succeeded with the exception of the ankles, by which she held him (Fulgent. Mythol. iii. 7; Stat. Achill. i. 269), while others again state that she put him in boiling water to test his immortality, and that he was found immortal except at the ankles. From his sixth year he fought with lions and bears, and caught stags without dogs or nets. The muse Calliope gave him the power of singing to cheer his friends at banquets (Philostr. Her. xix. 2). When he had reached the age of nine, Calchas declared that Troy could not be taken without his aid, and Thetis knowing that this war would be fatal to him, disguised him as a maiden, and introduced him among the daughters of Lycomedes of Scyros, where he was called by the name of Pyrrha on account of his golden locks. But his real character did not remain concealed long, for one of his companions, Deidameia, became mother of a son, Pyrrhus or Neoptolemus, by him. The Greeks at last discovered his place of concealment, and an embassy was sent to Lycomedes, who, though he denied the presence of Achilles, yet allowed the messengers to search his palace. Odysseus discovered the young hero by a stratagem, and Achilles immediately promised his assistance to the Greeks (Apollod. l. c.; Hygin. Fab. 96; Stat. Achil. ii. 200). A different account of his stay in Scyros is given by Plutarch (Thes. 35) and Philostratus (Her. xix. 3).
  Respecting his conduct towards Iphigeneia at Aulis, see Agamemnon, Iphigeneia at ancient Mycenae.
  During the war against Troy, Achilles slew Penthesileia, an Amazon, but was deeply moved when he discovered her beauty; and when Thersites ridiculed him for his tenderness of heart, Achilles killed the scoffer by a blow with the fist (Q. Smyrn. i. 669, &c.; Paus. v. 11.2; comp. Soph. Philoct. 445; Lycoph. Cas. 999; Tzetzes, Posthom. 199). He also fought with Memnon and Troilus (Q. Smyrn. ii. 480, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 112; Virg. Aen. i. 474, &c.). The accounts of his death differ very much, though all agree in stating that he did not fall by human hands, or at least not without the interference of the god Apollo. According to some traditions, he was killed by Apollo himself (Soph. Philoct. 334; Q. Smyrn. iii. 62; Hor. Carm. iv. 6. 3, &c.), as he had been foretold (Hom. Il. xxi. 278). According to Hyginus (Fab. 107), Apollo assumed the appearance of Paris in killing him, while others say that Apollo merely directed the weapon of Paris against Achilles, and thus caused his death, as had been suggested by the dying Hector (Virg. Aen. vi. 57 ; Ov. Met. xii. 601, &c.; Hom. Il. xxii. 358, &c.). Dictys Cretensis (iii. 29) relates his death thus: Achilles loved Polyxena, a daughter of Priam, and tempted by the promise that he should receive her as his wife, if he would join the Trojans, he went without arms into the temple of Apollo at Thymbra, and was assassinated there by Paris (Comp. Philostr. Her. xix. 11; Hygin. Fab. 107 and 110; Dares Phryg. 34; Q. Smyrn. iii. 50; Tzetz. ad Lycophr. 307). His body was rescued by Odysseus and Ajax the Telamonian; his armour was promised by Thetis to the bravest among the Greeks, which gave rise to a contest between the two heroes who had rescued his body.
  After his death, Achilles became one of the judges in the lower world, and dwelled in the islands of the blessed, where he was united with Medeia or Iphigeneia. The fabulous island of Leuce in the Euxine was especially sacred to him, and was called Achillea, because, according to some reports, it contained his body (Mela, ii. 7; Schol. ad Pind. Nem. iv. 49; Paus. iii. 19.11). Achilles was worshipped as one of the national heroes of Greece. The Thessalians, at the command of the oracle of Dodona, offered annual sacrifices to him in Troas (Philostr. Her. xix. 14). In the ancient gymnasium at Olympia there was a cenotaph, at which certain solemnities were performed before the Olympic games commenced (Paus. vi. 23.2). Sanctuaries of Achilles existed on the road from Arcadia to Sparta (Paus. iii. 20.8), on cape Sigeum in Troas (Strab. xi.), and other places. The events of his life were frequently represented in ancient works of art.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Hegemons

Alcimedon

Alcimedon. A son of Laerceus, and one of the commanders of the Myrmidons under Patroclus. (Hom. Il. xvi. 197, xvii. 475, &c.)

Peisander

The son of Maemalus and one of the leaders of the Myrmidons in the Trojan War (Il. 16.193).

Greek heroes of the Trojan War

Alcimus

A Myrmidon, comrade of Achilles (Il. 19.392, 24.472).

Neoptolemus

Son of Achilles and Deidamia (see Scyros island )

Eudorus

Eudorus (Eudoros), a son of Hermes and Polymele, was brought up by his grandfather Phylas. He was one of the five leaders of the Myrmidones under Achilles, who sent him out to accompany Patroclus, and to prevent the latter from venturing too far; but Eudorus was slain by Pyraechmus. (Hom. Il. xvi. 179, &c.; Eustath. ad Hom.)

Heroes

Borus & Polydora

He was the son of Perierus and husband of Polydora, who was the daughter of Peleus and mother of Menesthius by Spercheius (Il. 16.177).

Perieres

The father of Borus (Il. 16.177), king of Messenia

Kings

Peleus & Antigone / Peleus & Thetis

Peleus, son of Aeacus (Il. 21.188), was married to Antigone, daughter of Eurytion, who bore to him Polydora (Il. 16.175 etc.). After her death he got married to the Nereid Thetis, who bore to him Achilles (Il. 8.370, 16.33, 20.206). This second marriage was attended by the gods, who brought gifts to the couple (Il. 24.59 etc., 16.143 & 380).

Peleus. A king of Thessaly, son of Aeacus, monarch of Aegina, and the nymph Endeis, the daughter of Chiron. Having been accessory, along with Telamon, to the death of their brother Phocus, he was banished from his native island, but found an asylum at the court of Eurytus, son of Actor, king of Phthia in Thessaly. He married Antigone, the daughter of Eurytus, and received with her, as a marriage portion, the third part of the kingdom. Peleus was present with Eurytus at the chase of the Calydonian boar; but having unfortunately killed his father-in-law with the javelin which he had hurled against the animal, he was again doomed to be a wanderer. His second benefactor was Acastus, king of Iolcos; but here again he was involved in trouble through a false charge brought against him by Astydamia, or, as Horace calls her, Hippolyte, the queen of Acastus. To reward the virtue of Peleus, as fully shown by his resisting the blandishments of Astydamia, the gods resolved to give him a goddess in marriage. The spouse selected for him was the sea-nymph Thetis, who had been wooed by Zeus himself and his brother Poseidon; but Themis having declared that her child would be greater than his sire, the gods withdrew ( Isth. viii. 58 foll.). Others say that she was courted by Zeus alone till he was informed by Prometheus that, if he had a son by her, that son would dethrone him. Others, again, maintain that Thetis, who was reared by Here, would not assent to the wishes of Zeus, and that the god, in his anger, condemned her to espouse a mortal; or that Here herself selected Peleus for her spouse ( Il.xxiv. 59). Chiron, being made aware of the will of the gods, advised Peleus to aspire to the favour of the nymph of the sea, and instructed him how to win her. He therefore lay in wait, and seized and held her fast, though she changed herself into every variety of form, becoming fire, water, a serpent, and a lioness. The wedding was solemnized on Mount Pelion; the gods all honoured it with their presence, and bestowed armour on the bridegroom. Chiron gave him the famous ashen spear afterwards wielded by his son; and Poseidon bestowed on him the immortal Harpyborn steeds Balius and Xanthus. The offspring of this union was the celebrated Achilles. According to one account, Peleus was deserted by his goddess-wife for not allowing her to cast the infant Achilles into a caldron of boiling water, to try if he were mortal. This, however, is a post-Homeric fiction, since Homer represents Peleus and Thetis as dwelling together all the lifetime of their son. Of Peleus it is farther related that he survived his son and even grandson ( Od.xi. 493), and died in misery in the island of Cos. It was at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis that the goddess of Discord threw the apple of gold into the middle of the assembled deities, with which was connected so much misfortune for both the Trojans and the Greeks.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Jan 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Thetis. A daughter of Nereus and Doris. She was the wife of Peleus, by whom she became the mother of Achilles ( Il.i. 538 Il., xviii. 35; Theog. 244). As a goddess of the sea she dwelt, like her sisters the Nereids, below the waves with her father, Nereus. She there received Dionysus on his flight from Lycurgus, and the god, in his gratitude, presented her with a golden urn ( Il.vi. 135; Od.xxiv. 75). When Hephaestus was thrown down from heaven, he was likewise received by Thetis. She had been brought up by Here, and when she reached the age of maturity, Zeus and Here gave her, against her will, in marriage to Peleus. Such was the Homeric story ( Il.xviii. 85 Il., 432); but later accounts add that Poseidon and Zeus himself first sued for her hand; but when Themis declared that the son of Thetis would be stronger than his father, both gods desisted from their suit, and desired her marriage with a mortal ( Isthm. viii. 58). Chiron informed his friend Peleus how he might gain possession of her, even if she should metamorphose herself: for Thetis, like Proteus, had the power of assuming any form she pleased; and she had recourse to this means of escaping from Peleus, who, instructed by Chiron, held the goddess fast till she again assumed her proper form, and promised to marry him ( Nem.iii. 60). This story, which appears first in Pindar, was a favourite subject in vasepainting of an early date. The wedding of Peleus was honoured with the presence of all the gods, with the exception of Eris or Discord, who was not invited, and who avenged herself by throwing among the assembled gods the apple which was the source of so much misery.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Jan 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Antigone, a daughter of Eurytion of Phthia, and wife of Peleus, by whom she became the mother of Polydora. When Peleus had killed Eurytion during the chace, and fled to Acastus at Iolcus, he drew upon himself the hatred of Astydameia, the wife of Acastus. In consequence of this, she sent a calumniatory message to Antigone, stating, that Peleus was on the point of marrying Sterope, a daughter of Acastus. Hereupon Antigone hung herself in despair. (Apollod. iii. 13.1-3)

Echecles & Polymele

He was the son of Actor and king of the Myrmidons. His wife was Polymele, the daughter of Phylas, who was the mother of Eudorus by Hermes (Il. 16.180 etc.).

Nations & tribes

Myrmidons

A people, who lived in Achaia Phthiotis under the rule of Achilles. Their main cities were Phthia and Hellas (Il. 1.180. Od. 4.9).

Myrmidones. A race in Southern Thessaly, said to have originally dwelt in the island of Aegina and to have emigrated from it with Peleus. They fought before Troy under their chieftain Achilles

Perseus Project

Ancient myths

Zeus & Thetis

The only Nereid whom Zeus is heard of as favouring is the eldest, Thetis. He never enjoyed her: Themis warned Zeus and Poseidon that Thetis was destined to bear a son stronger than his father; they therefore retired and gave her in marriage to a mortal, Peleus. Others said that Thetis herself, in gratitude to Hera who had reared her, resisted Zeus, who in anger gave her to a mortal.

Xanthus and Balius (Bay and Piebald)

  Achilles' immortal horses who were given to Peleus as a wedding gift from the gods.
  When Achilles went to fight in Troy he took them with him and lent then to Patroclus. The horses mourned Patroclus bitterly when he died, and Zeus took pity on them and gave them strength to run back to the Greek camp.
  Achilles then reproached them for not protecting his friend but Xanthus old him it was the will of the gods, since Hector had Apollo by his side and that Achilles soon would join Patroclus. The Furies then struck Xanthus dumb.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.


Gods & demigods

Eris

  Goddess of dispute and quarrel, who was not invited to Peleus wedding with Thetis, causing her to ruin the party and the peace between men and gods by making a golden apple with the inscription “to the most beautiful” which she threw into the banquet. Because Hera, Athena and Aphrodite all thought they were the most beautiful, a brawl started, leading to the Trojan War.
  Eris was sometimes called the Daughter of the Night.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.


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