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Listed 25 sub titles with search on: Homeric world for wider area of: "TRIKALA Province THESSALIA" .

Homeric world (25)

Ancient myths

ICHALIA (Ancient city) TRIKALA

Hercules & Iphitus

Son of Eurytus of Oechalia and brother of Iole, who was slain by Heracles, while searching for his lost horses, which were hidden by the son of Zeus. During this search, he had met Odysseus in Messenia in the house of Ortilochus, to whom he gave his bow as a friendship gift and Odysseus gave him his sword and spear (Od. 21.14 etc.).

The Struggle for the Delphic Tripod
  After completing his twelve labors, Hercules hit the road, once again. Somehow or another, Hercules caught wind that Eurytus, the prince of Oechalia, was offering his beautiful daughter, Iole, as a bride prize to any man who could best him and his sons in an archery contest. Upon hearing this, Hercules traveled to Oechalia and competed against Eurytus and his sons. Legend has it that Eurytus was the man who first schooled Hercules in the use of the bow. His was a challenge that pitted student against teacher. It should come as no surprise that Hercules defeated his fellow contestants with ease.
  When it came time, however, for Eurytus to hand over Iole to Hercules, as his bride, Eurytus refused. In this decision he was supported by all of his sons except Iphytus. One may wonder why a prince would deny the strongest man in the world his daughter in marriage. For Eurytus, the reasoning was simple: he would not allow his beloved daughter to marry (and eventually have children with) a man who had a history of murdering his sons in a fit of rage (remember that whole Megara fiasco?), for fear that the same fate would befall his own grandchildren.
  Crestfallen and dismayed, Hercules left Oechalia. Shortly after Hercules' departure, some mares (or cattle, depending on the storyteller) were stolen by Autolycus from a local man. Eurytus instantly thought that Hercules was the culprit. Iphytus, however, refused to believe that Hercules was the thief and set out to pay him a visit at Tiryns (another version suggests Iphytus went to Tiryns to look for the cattle himself). Hercules received Iphytus in good cheer and the two men passed the time entertaining each other. Unfortunately for Iphytus, however, during the visit something went awry, and Hercules, in another fit of madness, hurled Iphytus to his death from the top of the walls of Tiryns.
  Following the murder of Iphytus, Hercules contracted a terrible disease, as a result of his violent outburst. Hercules then journeyed to the oracle at Delphi, in hopes that the priestess there would advise him on how to cure himself. But Hercules was to be disappointed. When he questioned the Pythian priestess, she was unable to answer him in oracles. Hercules, outraged at priestesses unwillingness to help, began tearing the temple apart. When Hercules came upon the Delphic tripod, he started to make off with it, thinking that he would establish an oracle of his own.
  Apollo, however, was not about to let Hercules carry off the prized tripod from his sacred site. He began to wrestle with Hercules over its possession; Apollo was supported by his sister, Artemis, while Hercules was supported by his patron, Athena. In the midst of their tug-of-war contest, Zeus dropped in and tried to break up the feuding brothers (Apollo and Hercules are, after all, half-brothers by Zeus). And as parents are often forced to do, Zeus decided that it would be best to separate the brothers, hurling one of his mighty thunderbolts between them. After the two siblings were pried apart, Hercules finally received an oracle, instructing him to be sold into slavery for a year, and to pay Eurytus in compensation for the loss of his son. The tripod remained at Delphi and Hermes sold Hercules to Omphale, Queen of Lydia, for whom he performed women's work for his year of servitude.

This text is cited July 2004 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Gods & demigods



Asclepius is not a god in the Iliad but a great doctor and the father of Machaon and Podaleirius, who were the leaders of Tricca, Ithome and Oechalia in the Trojan War (Il. 2.731, 4.194, 11.518). He is mentioned by the posterity as the god of medicine and son of Apollo and Coronis, daughter of Phlegyas. According to ancient myths, Asclepius was born in Tricca and not in Epidaurus.
Editor's note: Asclepius' biographies and related information can be found in His Sanctuary in Epidauros.

Greek leaders in the Trojan War


He was son of Asclepius and the leader, along with his brother Machaon, of Tricca, Ithome and Oechalia with 30 ships (Il. 2.732, 11.832).

Podaleirius: Perseus Project index

Machaon (= Asclepiades) & Anticlea

Machaon was son of Asclepius and the leader, along with his brother Podaleirius, of Tricca, Ithome and Oechalia with 30 ships (Il. 2.732).

   Machaon. A son of Aesculapius, and surgeon of the Greeks in the Trojan War. He led, with his brother Podalirus, troops from Trica, Ithome, and Oechalia. He was killed by Eurypylus, the son of Telephus, and received divine honours after his death in Messenia, of which he was by some called the king.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Machaon, a son of Asclepius by Epeione (Hom. Il. xi. 614; Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. iii. 14), or, according to others, by Coronis (Hygin. Fab. 97), while others again call him a son of Poseidon (Eustath. ad Hom.). He was married to Anticleia, the daughter of Diocles (Paus. iv. 30.2), by whom he became the father of Gorgasus, Nicomachus (Paus. iv. 6. 3), Alexanor, Sphyrus, and Polemocrates (Paus. ii. 11. 6, iv. 38. 6; Apollod. iii. 10. 8; Hygin. Fab. 81). In the Trojan war Machaon appears as the surgeon of the Greeks, for with his brother Podaleirius he had gone to Troy with thirty ships, commanding the men who came from Tricca, Ithome, and Oechalia (Il. ii. 728, &c., xi. 515). He was wounded by Paris, but was carried from the field of battle by Nestor (Il. xi. 505, 598, 833). Later writers mention him as one of the Greek heroes that were concealed in the wooden horse (Hygin. Fab. 108; Virg. Aen. ii. 263), and he is said to have cured Philoctetes (Tzetz. ad Lycopih. 911; Propert. ii. 1, 59). He was killed by Eurypylus, the son of Telephus, and his remains were carried to Messenia by Nestor. His tomb was believed to be at Gerenia, in Messenia, where a sanctuary was dedicated to him, in which sick persons sought relief of their sufferings. It was there that Glaucus, the son of Aepytus, was believed to have first paid him heroic honours. (Paus. iv. 3. 2, 6, iii. 26. 7)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Greeks of the Homeric Catalogue of Ships

ICHALIA (Ancient city) TRIKALA

Trojan War

Oechalia belonged to the territory of Asclepiades (= Machaon) and is listed in the Homeric Catalogue of Ships. It was located near Tricca and its king was Eurytus, son of Melaneus, father of Iole (Il. 2.730, 2.596, Od. 8.224, 21.13-33).


Trojan War

Tricca belonged to the territory of Asclepiades (= Machaon, son of Asclepius) (Il. 2.729). It was the homeland of Podaleirius and Machaon, where there was the most ancient sanctuary of Asclepius (Aesculapius).


ICHALIA (Ancient city) TRIKALA


King of the Thessalian or Messenian Oechalia (Il. 2.596, 2.730), father of Iphitus and skilled archer, who was slain by Apollo, because he had challenged him to an archery contest (Od. 8.224 etc.).

Eurytus, (Eurutos). A son of Melaneus and Stratonice (Schol. ad Soph. Trach. 268), was king of Oechalia, probably the Thessalian town of this name. (Muller, Dor. ii. 11.1.) He was a skilful archer and married to Antioche, by whom he became the father of lole, Iphitus, Molion or Deion. Clytius, and Toxeus. (Diod. iv. 37.) He was proud of his skill in using the bow, and is even said to have instructed Heracles in his art. (Theocrit. xxiv. 105; Apollod. ii. 4.9; Soph. l. c.) He offered his daughter Iole as prize to him who should conquer him and his sons in shooting with the bow. Heracles won the prize, but Eurytus and his sons, with the exception of Iphitus, refused to give up Iole because they feared lest he should kill the children lie might have by her. (Apollod ii. 6.1.) Heracles accordingly marched against Oechalia with an army : he took the place and killed Eurytus and his sons. (Apollod. ii. 7.7.) According to a tradition in Athenaeus (xi.) he put them to death because they had demanded a tribute from the Euboeans. According to the Homeric poems, on the other hand, Eurytus was killed by Apollo whom he presumed to rival in using the bow. (Od. viii. 226.) The remains of the body of Eurytus were believed to be preserved in the Carnasian grove ; and in the Messenian Oechalia sacrifices were offered to him every year. (Paus. iv. 3.6, 27.4, 33.5.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Ixion & Dia

King of the Lapithae and father of Peirithous (Il. 14.317). Ixion fell in love with Hera and attempted to force her; and when Hera reported it, Zeus, wishing to know if the thing were so, made a cloud in the likeness of Hera and laid it beside him; and when Ixion boasted that he had enjoyed the favours of Hera, Zeus bound him to a wheel, on which he is whirled by winds through the air; such is the penalty he pays.

Ixion. The son of Antion or Peision, or, according to some, of Phlegyas. Others, again, gave him the god Ares for a father. He obtained the hand of Dia, the daughter of Deioueus, having promised his father-in-law large gifts; but he did not keep his agreement and Deioneus seizing his horses detained them as a pledge. Ixion then sent messengers to say that the gifts were ready if he would come to bring them. Deloneus accordingly came, but his treacherous son-in-law had prepared in his house a pit filled with fire and carefully covered over, into which the unsuspecting man fell and perished. After this deed Ixion was stricken with madness, and the atrocity of his crime was such that neither gods nor men would absolve him, till at length Zeus took pity on him and purified him, and admitted him to Olympus. Here again, incapable of good, Ixion cast a lustful eye on Here, the wife of his divine benefactor. She, however, in concert with Zeus, formed a cloud in the likeness of herself, which Ixion embraced. Having boasted of his good-fortune, Zeus precipitated him into Erebus, where Hermes fastened him with brazen bands to an ever-revolving fiery wheel, lying upon which he is forever seourged and forced to cry out "Benefactors should be honoured!" The offspring of Ixion and the cloud was a son, Centaurus, who afterwards, having intercourse with the mares of Maguesia, begot the race of centaurs.
    The myth of Ixion is probably of great antiqnity, as the customs on which it is founded only prevailed in the Heroic Age. Its chief object seems to have been to inspire a horror of the violation of hospitality on the part of those who, having committed homicide, were admitted to the house and table of the one who had consented to perform the rites by which the guilt of the offender was supposed to be removed. On Ixion, see the poem by Robert Browning in his Jocoseria.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Ixion, a son of Phlegyas (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iii. 62; comp. Strab. x., who calls him a brother of Phlegyas), or, according to others, a son of Antion by Perimela, of Pasion, or of Ares (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. ii. 39; Diod. iv. 69; Hygin. Fab. 62). According to the common tradition, his mother was Dia, a daughter of Deoneus. He was king of the Lapithae or Phlegyes, and the father of Peirithous. (Apollod. i. 8. Β 2; Hygin. Fab. 14.) When Deoneus demanded of Ixion the bridal gifts he had promised, Ixion treacherously invited him, as though it were to a banquet, and then contrived to make him fall into a pit filled with fire. As no one purified Ixion of this treacherous murder, and all the gods were indignant at him, Zeus took pity upon him, purified him, and invited him to his table. But Ixion was ungrateful to his benefactor, and attempted to win the love of Hera. Zeus made a phantom resembling Hera, and by it Ixion became the father of a Centaur, who again having intercourse with Magnesian mares, became the father of the Hippocentaurs (Pind. Pyth. ii. 39, &c. with the Schol. ; Schol. ad Eurip. Phoen. 1185; Lucian, Dial. Deor. 6). Ixion, as a punishment, was chained by Hermes with his hands and feet to a wheel, which is described as winged or fiery, and said to have rolled perpetually in the air or in the lower world. He is further said to have been scourged, and compelled to exclaim, " Benefactors should be honoured". (Comp. Schol. ad Hom. Od. xxi. 303; Hygin. Fab. 33, 62; Serv. ad Virg. Aen. vi. 601, Georg. iii. 38, iv. 484; Schol. Venet. ad Il. i. 266.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Dia, a daughter of Deioneus and the wife of Ixion (Schol. ad Pind. Pyth ii. 39). Her father is also called Eioneus (Diod. iv. 69; Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. iii. 62), By Ixion, or according to others, by Zeus (Hygin. Fab. 155), she became the mother of Peirithous, who received his name from the circumstance, that Zeus when he attempted to seduce her, ran around her (peritheein) in the form of a horse (Eustath. ad Hom.). There are two other mythical personages of this name ( Schol. ad Pind. 01. i. 144; Tzetz. ad Lycop. 480). Dia is also used as a surname of Hebe or Ganymede, who had temples under this name at Phlius and Sicyon (Strab. viii.; Paus. ii. 13. 3).


Ixionides, a patronymic, applied by Ovid (Met. viii. 566) to Peirithous, the son of Ixion ; but the plural, Ixionidae, occurs also as a name of the Centaurs. (Lucan, vi. 386.)

Other persons

ICHALIA (Ancient city) TRIKALA


Thamyris was a famous singer and lyre-player from Thrace, who was blinded by the Muses when he dared doubt their supremacy. Blind and desperate, he threw his lyre in the river Pamisos, which was thereafter called Valyra. The Messenian and the Τhessalic mythical circles both dispute Thamyris

   Thamuris or Thamyras. An ancient Thracian bard, son of Philammon and the nymph Argiope. In his presumption he challenged the Muses to a trial of skill, and, being overcome in the contest, was deprived by them of his sight and of the power of singing. He was represented with a broken lyre in his hand.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Thamyris : Perseus Encyclopedia

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