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Listed 3 sub titles with search on: Homeric world  for wider area of: "SPAIN Country IBERIAN PENINSULA" .

Homeric world (3)



A mythical island and place of abode of Calypso (Od. 1.85, 6.172, 7.244).



She was the daughter of Atlas, who lived in the island of Ogygia, where Odysseus was shipwrecked. Calypso wanted him to stay with her forever (Od. 1.50 etc.) and promised him, that she would make him immortal, if he stayed there (Od. 7.244 etc.). Odysseus stayed in the island for seven years, but in the eighth year, Calypso let him leave at the command of Zeus, so that he would return to Ithaca (Od. 5.28 etc.).

Calypso. A daughter of Atlas, according to Homer. Hesiod, however, makes her an ocean-nymph, and Apollodorus a Nereid. Like Circe, she was a goddess of human appearance, and dwelt in solitary state with her attendant nymphs on an island named Ogygia, in the midst of the ocean. Her isle presented such a scene of sylvan beauty as charmed even Hermes, one of the dwellers of Olympus. Calypso received and kindly entertained Odysseus, when, in the course of his wanderings, that hero was thrown upon her domains after his shipwreck. She detained him there for seven years, designing to make him immortal and to keep him with her forever; but Hermes arriving with a command from Zeus, she was obliged to consent to his departure. She gave the hero tools to build a raft or light vessel, supplied him with provisions, and reluctantly took a final leave of him. As regards her island, Homer seems to have conceived Ogygia to lie in the northwestern parts of the Western Sea, far remote from all other isles and coasts; and he thus brought his hero into all parts of that sea, and informed his auditors of all its wonders. Odysseus had two sons by Calypso, named Nausithous and Nausinous.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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