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Ancient authors' reports
Sparta =the best women in Greece
The Megarians, sending to Delphi to inquire which was the most noble city in Greece, received the answer, Argos was the best soil, Thrace was supreme for its horses, Sparta for her women, Syracuse for men
- R. J. Cholmeley, M.A., The Idylls of Theocritus, Commentary
Aghithea or Alcathia, 5th cent. BC
She was the mother of Pausanias, who had commanded the Greeks during the victorious battle at Plataea. But he was soon to betray his home-town, Sparta, so he had to be punished. To avoid punishment, Pausanias went to the Temple of Athena Lady of the Bronze, where no-one could enter and harm him, for it was an asylum. The ephori of Sparta thought of something else, then: they decided to wall in the exit of the temple so that he would die of starvation. They actually did that and his mother, Anchithea, was the one who put the first stone. By doing that she proved that the welfare of her country was more important to her than the well-being of her own son.
Cheilonis, daughter of Leonidas II., king of Sparta, and wife to Cleombrotus II. When Leonidas, alarmed at the prosecution instituted against him by Lysander, took refuge in the temple of Athena Chalcioecus, Cheilonis left her husband, who was made king on the deposition of Leonidas, and, preferring to comfort her father in his adversity, accompanied him in his flight to Tegea. Afterwards, when Leonidas was restored, and Cleombrotus in his turn was driven to take refuge in the temple of Poseidon, Cheilonis joined him in his altered fortunes, saved his life by her entreaties from her father's vengeance, and, again refusing to share the splendour of a throne, went with him into banishment; "so that, had not Cleombrotus", says Plutarch, "been spoilt by vain ambition, his wife's love would have made him deem his exile a more blessed lot than the kingdom which he lost" (Plut. Agis, 11, 12, 16-18).
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Chelidonis, a Spartan woman of great beauty and royal blood, daughter of Leotychides. She married Cleonymus, who was much older than herself, and to whom she proved unfaithful in consequence of a passion for Acrotatus, son of Areus I. It was partly on account of this injury that Cleonymus, offended also by his exclusion from the throne, invited Pyrrhus to attempt the conquest of Sparta in B. C. 272. Chelidonis, alarmed for the result, was prepared to put an end to her own life rather than fall into her husband's hands; but Pyrrhus was beaten off from the city, chiefly through the valour of Acrotatus. If we may trust the account of Plutarch, the Spartans generally of both sexes exhibited more sympathy with the lovers than indignation at their guilt,--a proof of the corruption of manners, which Phylarchus (ap. Athen. iv. p. 142, b.) ascribes principally to Acrotatus and his father. (Plut. Pyrrh. 26-28.)
Cynisca (Kuniska), daughter of Archidamus II. king of Sparta, so named after her grandfather
Zeuxidamus, who was also called Cyniscus (Herod. vi. 71). She was the first woman
who kept horses for the games, and the first who gained an Olympian victory (Paus.
iii. 8.1). Pausanias mentions an epigram by an unknown author in her honour, which
is perhaps the same as the inscription he speaks of (vi. 1.2) in his account of
her monument at Olympia. This was a group of sculpture representing Cynisca with
a chariot, charioteer, and horses -the work of Apellas. There were also figures
of her horses in brass in the temple of Olympian Zeus (Paus. v. 12.3), and at
Sparta she had near the gymnasium, called the Platanistas, an heroum (iii. 15.1).