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Listed 33 sub titles with search on: Mythology  for wider area of: "CYPRUS Country EUROPE" .

Mythology (33)

Ancient myths

Pygmalion & Galatea

Pugmalion. A king of Cyprus and father of Metharme. He is said to have fallen in love with the ivory image of a maiden which he himself had made, and therefore to have prayed to Aphrodite to breathe life into it. When the request was granted, Pygmalion married the maiden, and became by her the father of Paphus.

Pygmalion & Galatea

Various WebPages.


A maiden of Cyprus, treated her lover Iphis with such haughtiness that he hanged himself at her door. She looked with such indifference at the funeral of the youth that Aphrodite changed her into a stone statue.
Harry Thurston Peck, The Perseus Project, August 2002
Following WebPage with hyperlinks.


The most beautiful of young men was the son of king Cinyras of Cyprus and his daughter Myrrha. The gods turned Myrrha into a tree, and out of its trunk Adonis was born. Because of the fact that he was the result of incest, he was hidden in the underworld and looked after by Persephone.
  When Aphrodite saw him she fell desperately in love, and when he was killed while hunting by a wild boar, she pleaded with Zeus to bring him back to life. Zeus agreed to get the young man back, but he had to stay in the underworld during winter and be with Aphrodite in summer, thus making the vegetation die in winter and blossom in summer.
  The cult of Adonis was the first important cult in ancient Greece. It has been suggested that Adonis was a semitic god, since his name seems to be a grecian for of adon - the lord. The myth also resembles the Babylonian story of the god Tammuz' death: here, it is Ishtar who laments him and brings him back to the world.
  Especially the ancient Greek women would worhip Adonis, and womens' laments were sometimes called Adoniscries. The so-called Adonisgardens were pots with flower seeds in them surrounding a statue of the god. In summer the flowers would grow and in winter wither, symbolizing the myth above.This makes Adonis a god of vegetation as well.
  In spring there would be Adonis' festivals where wild celebrations of joy would take place, and in autumn there would be mourning processions.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.

(more about Adonis at Ancient Phoenice )

Anaxarete & Iphis

SALAMIS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Anaxarete, a maiden of the island of Cyprus, who belonged to the ancient family of Teucer. She remained unmoved by the professions of love and lamentations of Iphis, who at last, in despair, hung himself at the door of her residence. When the unfortunate youth was going to be buried, she looked with indifference from her window at the funeral procession; but Venus punished her by changing her into a stone statue, which was preserved at Salamis in Cyprus, in the temple of Venus Prospiciens. (Ov. Met. xiv. 698, &c.) Antoninus Liberalis (39), who relates the same story, calls the maiden Arsinoc, and her lover Arceophon.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Arceophon & Arsinoe

Arceophon (Arkeophon), a son of Minnyrides of Salamis in Cyprus. Antoninus Liberalis (39) relates of him and Arsinoe precisely the same story which Ovid (Met. xiv. 698, &c.) relates of Anaxarete and Iphis.

Ancient tribes


Ptolemy II the Philadelphus

Philadelphus, son of Ptolemy I., king of Egypt, his history, marries his sister Arsinoe, puts his brothers to death, allied with Athens, helps Athenians against Antigonus, Athenian tribe called after him, introduces worship of Serapis into Athens, his gymnasium at Athens, his statues at Athens, Olympia, and Delphi.


GOLGOI (Ancient city) CYPRUS
The traditional founder of the town was Golgos from Sikyon in the Peloponnese. This connection is further illustrated by an archaic limestone block found here, now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York. (The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites )

Golgus, (Golgos), a son of Adonis and Aphrodite, from whom the town of Golgi, in Cyprus, was believed to have derived its name. (Schol. ad Theocrit. xv. 100.)


SALAMIS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Son of Telamon and Hesione, expelled by his father, founds Salamis in Cyprus, ancestor of kings of Cyprus down to Evagoras.


SOLOI (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Son of Theseus, eponymous hero of Athenian tribe, son of Theseus and Phaedra, flies from Athens, goes to Troy and leads away Aethra, his statue at Delphi, painted at Delphi.


An Argonaut, his altar at Phalerum.


Son of Theseus and Phaedra, flies from Athens, attacks Argives in Attica, tried at court of Palladium, goes to Troy and leads away Aethra, goes to the land of the Thracian Bisaltians, and marries Phyllis, the king's daughter, goes to Cyprus, and being cursed by the deserted Phyllis he falls on his sword.

Gods & demigods

Aphrodite Amathusia

AMATHUS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Amathusia or Amathuntia (Amathousia or Amathountia), a surname of Aphrodite, which is derived from the town of Amathus in Cyprus, one of the most ancient seats of her worship. (Tac. Annal. iii. 62; Ov. Amor. iii. 15. 15; Virg. Cir. 242; Catull. Ixviii. 51.)


IDALION (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Idalia, a surname of Aphrodite, derived from the town of Idalion in Cyprus. (Virg. Aen. i. 680, 692, v. 760, x. 86; Ov. Art. Am. iii. 106; Strab.xiv.; Theocrit. xv. 101; Bion, i. 36.)

Gods & heroes related to the location


SALAMIS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Belus, (Belos).The father of Dido, who conquered Cyprus and then gave it to Teucer. (Virg. Aen. L 621; Serv. ad Aen. i. 625, 646.)



PAPHOS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
A daughter of Agapenor, who founded a sanctuary of the Paphian Aphrodite at Tegea, and sent to Athena Alea a peplus front Cyprus. (Paus. viii. 5. 2, 53.2.)


Laodice, a daughter of Cinyras, and the mother of Stymplhalus and Pereus. (Apollod. iii. 9. 1, 14. 3.)

Historic figures


   (Akamas). A son of Theseus and Phaedra. He was deputed to accompany Diomede, when the latter was sent to Troy to demand Helen. During his stay at Troy he became the father of Munitus by Laodicea, one of the daughters of Priam. He went to the Trojan War, and was one of the warriors enclosed in the wooden horse. He afterwards led a colony from Athens to Cyprus, where he died.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Nov 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Acamas : Perseus Encyclopedia


AMATHUS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Amathes, a son of Heracles, from whom the town of Amathus in Cyprus was believed to have derived its name. According to some traditions, however, its name was derived from Amathusa, the mother of Cinyras. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Amathous.)



KARPASIA (Ancient city) CYPRUS
King of Cyprus, father of Metharme (Apollod. 3,14,3)

Mythical monsters

Gorgons & Graeae

(Graiai)."The old women," daughters of Phorcys and Ceto, and three in number-- Pephredo, Enyo, and Dino, also called Phorcydes. They had gray hair from their birth, and only one tooth and one eye in common, which they borrowed from each other when they needed them.

Graeae, (Graiai), that is, " the old women", were daughters of Phorcys and Ceto. They had grey hair from their birth. Hesiod (Theog. 270, &c.) mentions only two Graeae, viz. Pephredo and Enyo; Apollodorus (ii. 4.2) adds Deino as a third, and Aeschylus (Prom. 819) also speaks of three Graeae. The Scholiast on Aeschylus (Prom. 793) describes the Graeae, or Phorcides, as he calls them, as having the figure of swans, and he says that the three sisters had only one tooth and one eye in common, which they borrowed from one another when they wanted them. It is conmmonly believed that the Graeae, like other members of the family of Phorcys, were marine divinities, and personifications of the white foam seen on the waves of the sea.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Population movements

Salaminians settled Gallaeci

SALAMIS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
On a report of Telamon's death reaching him there, he returned to the old Salamis; but was repelled by Eurysaces, and finally settled among the Gallaeci in the north west of Spain.



PAPHOS (Ancient city) CYPRUS
Perseus Encyclopedia

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