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Listed 10 sub titles with search on: Mythology for destination: "SALAMINA Island ATTIKI".


Mythology (10)

Heroes

A son of Telamon, king of Salamis, by Periboea or Eriboea (Apollod. iii. 12.7; Paus. i. 42.4; Pind. Isth. vi. 65; Diod. iv. 72), and a grandson of Aeacus. Homer calls him Ajax the Telamonian, Ajax the Great, or simply Ajax (Il. ii. 768, ix. 169, xiv. 410; comp. Pind. Isth. vi. 38), whereas the other Ajax, the son of Oileus, is always distinguished from the former by some epithet. According to Homer Ajax joined the expedition of the Greeks against Troy, with his Salaminians, in twelve ships (Il. ii. 557), and was next to Achilles the most distinguished and the bravest among the Greeks (ii 768, xvii. 279). He is described as tall of stature, and his head and broad shoulders as rising above those of all the Greeks (iii 226); in beauty he was inferior to none but Achilles (Od. xi. 550, xxiv. 17; comp. Paus. i. 35.3). When Hector challenged the bravest of the Greeks to single combat, Ajax came forward among several others. The people prayed that he might fight, and when the lot fell to Ajax (Il. vii. 179, &c.), and he approached, Hector himself began to tremble (215). He wounded Hector and dashed him to the ground by a huge stone. The combatants were separated, and upon parting they exchanged arms with one another as a token of mutual esteem (305, &c.). Ajax was also one of the ambassadors whom Agamemnon sent to conciliate Achille. (ix. 169). He fought several times besides with Hector, as in the battle near the ships of the Greeks (xiv. 409, &c. xv. 415, xvi. 114), and in protecting the body of Patroclus (xvii. 128, 7 32). In the games at the funeral pile of Patroclus, Ajax fought with Odysseus, but without gaining any decided advantage over him (xxiii. 720, &c.), and in like manner with Diomedes. In the contest about the armour of Achilles, he was conquered by Odysseus, and this, says Homer, became the cause of his death (Od. xi. 541, &c.). Odysseus afterwards met his spirit in Hades, and endeavoured to appease it, but in vain.
 Thus far the story of Ajax, the Telamonian, is related in the Homeric poems. Later writers furnish us with various other traditions about his youth, but more especially about his death, which is so vaguely alluded to by Homer. According to Apollodorus (iii. 12.7) and Pindar (Isth. vi. 51, &c.), Ajax became invulnerable in consequence of a prayer which Heracles offered to Zeus, while he was on a visit in Salamis. The child was called Aias from aetos, an eagle, which appeared immediately after the prayer as a favourable omen. According to Lycophron (455 with the Schol.), Ajax was born before Heracles came to Telamon, and the hero made the child invulnerable by wrapping him up in his lion's skin (Comp. Schol. ad Il. xxiii. 841). Ajax is also mentioned among the suitors of Helen (Apollod. iii. 10.8; Hygin. Fab. 81). During the war against Troy, Ajax, like Achilles, made excursions into neighbouring countries. The first of them was to the Thracian Chersonesus, where he took Polydorus, the son of Priam, who had been entrusted to the care of king Polymnestor, together with rich booty. Thence, he went into Phrygia, slew king Teuthras, or Teleutas, in single combat, and carried off great spoils, and Tecmessa, the king's daughter, who became his mistress (Soph. Aj. 210, 480, &c.; Hor. Carm. ii. 4. 5). In the contest about the armour of Achilles, Agamemnon, on the advice of Athena, awarded the prize to Odysseus. This discomfiture threw Ajax into an awful state of madness. In the night he rushed from his tent, attacked the sheep of the Greek army, made great havoc among them, and dragged dead and living animals into his tent, fancying that they were his enemies. When, in the morning, he recovered his senses and beheld what he had done, shame and despair led him to destroy himself with the sword which Hector had once given him as a present. (Pind. Nem. vii. 36; Soph. Aj. 42, 277, 852; Ov. Met. xiii. 1, &c.; Lycophr. l. c.). Less poetical traditions make Ajax die by the hands of others. His step-brother Teucrus was charged by Telamon with the murder of Ajax, but succeeded in clearing himself from the accusation (Paus. i. 28.12). A tradition mentioned by Pausanias (i. 35.3; comp. Ov. Met. xiii. 397) states, that from his blood there sprang up a purple flower which bore the letters ai on its leaves, which were at once the initials of his name and expressive of a sigh. According to Dictys, Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, deposited the ashes of the hero in a golden urn on mount Rhoeteion; and according to Sophocles, he was buried by his brother Teucrus against the will of the Atreidae. Pausanias (iii. 19.11) represents Ajax, like many other heroes, as living after his death in the island of Leuce. It is said that when, in the time of the emperor Hadrian, the sea had washed open the grave of Ajax, bones of superhuman size were found in it, which the emperor, however, ordered to be buried again (Philostr. Her. i. 2; Paus. iii. 39.11). Respecting the state and wandering of his soul after his death, see Plato, De Re Publ. x. in fin.; Plut. Sympos. ix. 5.
  Ajax was worshipped in Salamis as the tutelary hero of the island, and had a temple with a statue there, and was honoured with a festival, Aianteia. At Athens too he was worshipped, and was one of the eponymic heroes, one of the Attic tribes (Aeantis) being called after him (Paus. i. 35.2; Plut. Sympos. i. 10). Not far from the town Rhoeteion, on the promontory of the same name, there was likewise a sanctuary of Ajax, with a beautiful statue, which Antonius sent to Egypt, but which was restored to its original place by Augustus (Strab. xiii.). According to Dictys Cretensis (v. 16) the wife of Ajax was Glauca, by whom she had a son, Aeantides; by his beloved Tecmessa, he had a son, Eurysaces (Soph. Aj. 333). Several illustrious Athenians of the historical times, such as Miltiades, Cimon, and Alcibiades, traced their pedigree to the Telamonian Ajax (Paus. ii. 29.4; Plut. Alcib.1). The traditions about this hero furnished plentiful materials, not only for poets, but also for sculptors and painters. His single combat with Hector was represented on the chest of Cypselus (Paus. v. 19.1); his statue formed a part of a large group at Olympia, the work of Lycius (Paus. v. 22.2; comp. Plin. H. N. xxxv. 10.36 ; Aelian, V. H. ix. 11). A beautiful sculptured head, which is generally believed to be a head of Ajax, is still extant in the Egremont collection at Petworth.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Ajax (Aias)

Son of Telamon, king of Salamis, and grandson of Aeacus. Homer calls him Aiax the Telamonian, Aiax the Great, or simply Aiax, whereas the other Aiax, son of Oileus, is always distinguished from the former by some epithet. He sailed against Troy in twelve ships, and is represented in the Iliad as second only to Achilles in bravery. In the contest for the armour of Achilles he was conquered by Odysseus, and this, says Homer, was the cause of his death. Later poets relate that his defeat by Odysseus threw him into a state of madness; that he rushed from his tent and slaughtered the sheep of the Greek army, fancying they were his enemies; and that at length he put an end to his own life. From his blood there sprang up a purple flower bearing the letters Ai (Ai) on its leaves, which were at once the initials of his name and expressive of a sigh. Homer does not mention his mistress Tecmessa.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Ajax

Editor’s Information:
The electronic text(s) of Sophocles’ tragedy Ajax can be found at the location Greece (ancient country) under the category Ancient Greek Writings.


Telamon

A son of Aeacus and Endeis, and a brother of Peleus. He emigrated from Aegina to Salamis, and was first married to Glance, a daughter of Cenchreus (Diod. iv. 72), and afterwards to Periboea or Eriboea, a daughter of Alcathous, by whom he became the father of Ajax (Pind. Isthm. vi. 65; Apollod. iii. 12.6). He was one of the Calydonian hunters and of the Argonauts (Apollod. i. 8.2, 9.16, iii. 12.7 ; Paus. i. 42.4; Hygin. Fab. 173 ; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 175). Miltiades traced his pedigree to Telamon (Paus. ii. 29.4). After Telamon and Peleus had killed their step-brother Phocus. they were expelled by Aeacus from Aegina, and Telamon went to Cychreus in Salamis, who bequeathed to him his kingdom (Apollod. l. c. ; Paus. ii. 29.2, 7.) He is said to have been a great friend of Heracles (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 1289; Theocrit. Id. xiii. 38), and to have joined him in his expedition against Laomedon of Troy, which city he was the first to enter. He there erected to Heracles Callinicus or Alexicacus, an altar. Heracles, in return gave to him Theaneira or Hesione, a daughter of Laomedon, by whom he became the father of Teucer and Trambelus (Apollod. ii. 6.4, iii. 10.8, 12.7; Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 468 ; Diod. iv. 32). On this expedition Telamon and Heracles also fought against the Meropes in Cos, on account of Chalciope, the beautiful daughter of Eurypylus, the king of the Meropes, and against the giant Alcioneus, on the isthmus of Corinth (Pind. Nem. iv. 40, with the Schol.). He also accompanied Heracles on his expedition against the Amazons, and slew Melanippe. (Pind. Nem. iii. 65, with the Schol.)


The son of Aeacus and Endeis, and brother of Peleus. Having assisted Peleus in slaying their half-brother Phocus, Telamon was expelled from Aegina, and came to Salamis. Here he was first married to Glauce, daughter of Cychreus, king of the island, on whose death Telamon became king of Salamis. He afterwards married Periboea or Eriboea, daughter of Alcathous, by whom he became the father of Aiax, who is hence frequently called Telamoniades and Telamonius heros. Telamon himself was one of the Calydonian hunters and one of the Argonauts. He was also a warm friend of Heracles, whom he joined in his expedition against Laomedon of Troy, which city he was the first to enter, and also against the Amazons. Heracles, in return, gave to him Theanira or Hesione, a daughter of Laomedon, by whom he became the father of Teucer and Trambelus.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Eurysaces

Eurysaces (Eurusakes), a son of the Telamonian Ajax and Tecmessa, was named after the broad shield of his father. (Soph. Aj. 575; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 857; Serv. ad Aen. i. 623; Philostr. Heroic. 11. 2.) An Athenian tradition related, that Eurysaces and his brother Philaeus had given up to the Athenians the island of Salamis, which they had inherited from their grandfather, and that the two brothers received in return the Attic franchise. One of the brothers then settled at Brauron, and the other at Melite. Eurysaces was honoured like his father, at Athens, with an altar. (Plut. Sol. 10; Paus. i. 35. § 2.)


Cychreus or Cenchreus (Kuchreus)

Cychreus or Cenchreus (Kuchreus), a son of Poseidon and Salamis, became king of the island of Salamis, which was called after him Cychreia, and which he delivered from a dragon. He was subsequently honoured as a hero, and had a sanctuary in Salamis. (Apollod. iii. 12.7; Diod. iv. 72.) According to other traditions, Cychreus himself was called a dragon on account of his savage nature, and was expelled from Salamis by Eurylochus; but he was received by Demeter at Eleusis, and appointed a priest to her temple. (Steph. Byz. s. v. Kuchreios.) Others again said that Cychreus had brought up a dragon, which was expelled by Eurylochus. (Strab. ix.) There was a tradition that, while the battle of Salamis was going on, a dragon appeared in one of the Athenian ships, and that an oracle declared this dragon to be Cychreus. (Paus. i. 36.1; comp. Tzetz. ad Lycoph. 110, 175; Plut. Thes. 10, Solon. 9.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited July 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Scirus

Scirus (Skiros), a soothsayer of Dodona, who, in the reign of Erechtheus, came to Salamis, and was afterwards honoured in the island with heroic honours. Salamis is further said to have been called after him, Sciras. (Paus. i. 36.3; Strab. ix.; Steph. Byz. s. v.)


Other locations

Salamis

Salamis, a daughter of Asopus, and by Poseidon the mother of Cenchreus or Cychreus. (Paus. i. 35.2; Apollod. iii. 12.7; Diod. iv. 72.) From her the island of Salamis was believed by the ancients to have received its name.


Ancient myths

Salaminians settled Gallaeci in Spain

On a report of Telamon's death reaching him there, he returned to the old Salamis; but was repelled by Eurysaces, and finally settled among the Gallaeci in the north west of Spain.
(Sir Richard Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Ajax intro, section 18)
The country of the Gallaeci or Callaeci in the north of Spain, between the Astures and the Durius
(Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898) id gallaecia)


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