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Listed 9 sub titles with search on: Mythology  for wider area of: "MEGARA Municipality GREECE" .

Mythology (9)

Famous robbers

Skiron (Sciron)

Father of Endeis, son of Pelops or of Poseidon or of Pylas, commands Megarians in war, a malefactor, slain by Theseus, hurled by Theseus into sea, Sciron's road.

Sciron (Skiron or Skeiron). A famous robber who haunted the frontier between Attica and Megaris, and not only robbed the travellers who passed through the country, but compelled them, on the Scironian rock to wash his feet, during which operation he kicked them with his foot into the sea. At the foot of the rock there was a tortoise, which devoured the bodies of the robber's victims. He was slain by Theseus, in the same manner in which he had killed others (Plut. Thes. 10; Diod. iv. 59; Strab. ix.; Paus. i. 44.12; Schol. ad Eurip. Hipp. 976; Ov. Met. vii. 445). In the pediment of the royal Stoa at Athens, there was a group of figures of burnt clay, representing Theseus in the act of throwing Sciron into the sea. (Paus. i. 3.1.)



TRIPODISKOS (Ancient settlement) MEGARA
...The Megarians have the grave of Coroebus... They say that in the reign of Crotopus at Argos, Psamathe, the daughter of Crotopus, bore a son to Apollo, and being in dire terror of her father, exposed the child. He was found and destroyed by sheepdogs of Crotopus, and Apollo sent Vengeance to the city to punish the Argives. They say that she used to snatch the children from their mothers, until Coroebus to please the Argives slew Vengeance. Whereat as a second punishment plague fell upon them and stayed not. So Coroebus of his own accord went to Delphi to submit to the punishment of the god for having slain Vengeance.
  The Pythia would not allow Coroebus to return to Argos, but ordered him to take up a tripod and carry it out of the sanctuary, and where the tripod should fall from his hands, there he was to build a temple of Apollo and to dwell himself. At Mount Gerania the tripod slipped and fell unawares. Here he dwelt in the village called the Little Tripods. The grave of Coroebus is in the market-place of the Megarians. The story of Psamathe and of Coroebus himself is carved on it in elegiac verses and further, upon the top of the grave is represented Coroebus slaying Vengeance. These are the oldest stone images I am aware of having seen among the Greeks.(Paus. 1.143.7)

Gods & heroes related to the location

Pandion & Pylia

MEGARA (Ancient city) GREECE
Pandion. A son of Cecrops and Metiadusa, was likewise a king of Athens. Being expelled from Athens by the Metionidae, he fled to Megara, and there married Pylia, the daughter of king Pylas. When the latter, in consequence of a murder, emigrated into Peloponnesus, Pandion obtained the government of Megara. He became the father of Aegeus, Pallas, Nisus, Lycus, and a natural son, Oeneus, and also of a daughter, who was married to Sciron (Apollod. iii. 15.1; Paus. i. 5.2, 29.5; Eurip. Med. 660). His tomb was shown in the territory of Megara, near the rock of Athena Aethyia, on the sea-coast (Paus. i. 5.3), and at Megara he was honoured with an heroum (i. 41.6). A statue of him stood at Athens, on the acropolis, among those of the eponymic heroes (i. 5.3).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Pandionidae (Pandionidai), a patronymic of Pandion, i. e. the sons of Pandion, who, after their father's death, returned from Megara to Athens, and expelled the Metionidae. Aegeus, the eldest among them, obtained the supremacy, Lycus the eastern coast of Attica, Nisus Megaris, and Pallas the southern coast. (Apollod. iii. 15.6; Paus. i. 5.4; Strab. ix.; Eustath. ad Hom.; Dionys. Perieg.1024.)


Megarus (Megaros), a son of Zeus, by a Sithnian or Megarian nymph. In the Deucalionian flood he is said to have escaped to the summit of Mount Gerania, by following the cries of cranes. (Paus. i. 40.1)


NISSEA (Ancient port) MEGARA
Lelex. A son of Poseidon and Libya, the daughter of Epaphus. He was regarded as the ancestor of the Leleges, and is said to have immigrated from Egypt into Greece, where he became king of Megara; and his tomb was shown below Nisaea, the acropolis of Megara. (Paus. i. 44. 5, 39. 5; Ov. Met. vii. 443, viii. 567, 617.)



Son of Zeus, escapes Deucalion's flood.

Historic figures

NISSEA (Ancient port) MEGARA
Nisus (Nissos). A son of Pandion (or, according to others, of Deion or Ares) and Pylia, was a brother of Aegeus, Pallas, and Lycus, and husband of Abrote, by whom he became the father of Scylla. He was king of Megara; and when Minos, on his expedition against Athens, took Megara, Nisus died, because his daughter Seylla, who had fallen in love with Minos, had pulled out the purple or golden hair which grew on the top of her father's head, and on which his life depended (Apollod. iii. 15.5, 6, 8). Minos, who was horrified at the conduct of the unnatural daughter, ordered Scylla to be fastened to the poop of his ship, and afterwards drowned her in the Saronic gulf. According to others, Minos left Megara in disgust, but Scylla leaped into the sea, and swam after his ship; but her father, who had been changed into an eagle, perceived her, and shot down upon her, whereupon she was metamorphosed into either a fish or a bird called Ciris (Ov. Met. viii. 6, &c.; Hygin. Fab. 198; Virg. Georq. i. 405, Eclog. vi. 74). The tradition current at Megara itself knew nothing of this expedition of Minos, and called the daughter of Nisus Iphinoe, and represented her as married to Megareus. It is further added, that in the dispute between Sciron and Nisus, Aeacus assigned the government to Nisus (Paus. i. 39.5), and that Nisa, the original name of Megara, and Nisaea, afterward the port town of Megara, derived their names from Nisus, and that the promontory of Scyllaeum was named after his daughter (Paus. i. 39.4, ii. 34.7; Strab. viii.). The tomb of Nisus was shown at Athens, behind the Lyceum (Paus. i. 19.5) .

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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