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Cercopes (Kerkopes), droll and thievish gnomes who play a part in the story of
Heracles. Their number is commonly stated to have been two, but their names are
not the same in all accounts: -either Olus and Eurybatus, Sillus and Triballus,
Passalus and Aclemon, Andulus and Atlantus, or Candulus and Atlas (Suidas, s.
vv.; Schol. ad Lucian. Alex. 4; Tzetz. Chil. v. 75). Diodorus (iv. 31), however,
speaks of a greater number of Cercopes. They are called sons of Theia, the daughter
of Oceanus; they annoyed and robbed Heracles in his sleep, but they were taken
prisoners by him, and either given to Omphale, or killed, or set free again (Tzetz.
ad Lycoph. 91). The place in which they seem to have made their first appearance,
was Thermopylae (Herod. vii. 216), but the comic poem Kerkopes, which bore the
name of Homer, probably placed them at Oechalia in Euboea, whereas others transferred
them to Lydia (Suid. s. v. Eurubatos), or the islands called Pithecusae, which
derived their name from the Cercopes who were changed into monkeys by Zeus for
having cunningly deceived him. (Ov. Met. xiv. 90, &c.; Pomp. Mela, ii. 7)
This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Cercopes: Perseus Encyclopedia
- Cercopes: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
Gods & demigods
Marmarinus (Marmarinos), i.e. the god of marble, a surname of Apollo, who had a sanctuary in the marble quarries at Carystus. (Strab. x. p. 446; Eustath. ad Hom. p. 281.)
.. But when Pelops learned that from her, he threw Myrtilus into the sea, called after him the Myrtoan Sea, at Cape Geraestus ; and Myrtilus, as he was being thrown, uttered curses against the house of Pelops.
- Perseus: Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer, 1921)
Perseus Project index: Total results: 48 Myrtilus, 12 Myrtilos.
Epipole, a daughter of Trachion, of Carystus in Euboea. In the disguise of a man she went with the Greeks against Troy; but when Palamedes discovered her sex, she was stoned to death by the Greek army. (Ptolem. Hephaest. 5.)
- A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith)
Carystus (Karustos), a son of Cheiron and Chariclo, from whom the town of Carystus in Euboea was believed to have derived its name. (Schel. ad Pind. Pyth. iv. 181; Eustath. ad Hom.)
Oechalia in Euboea was the seat of Eurytus (Sophocles: Trachiniae, line 74)
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Hyperboreans carried to Carystus
Concerning the Hyperborean people, neither the Scythians nor any other inhabitants of these lands tell us anything, except perhaps the Issedones. And, I think, even they say nothing; for if they did, then the Scythians, too, would have told, just as they tell of the one-eyed men. But Hesiod speaks of Hyperboreans, and Homer too in his poem The Heroes' Sons, if that is truly the work of Homer.
But the Delians say much more about them than any others do. They say that offerings wrapped in straw are brought from the Hyperboreans to Scythia; when these have passed Scythia, each nation in turn receives them from its neighbors until they are carried to the Adriatic sea, which is the most westerly limit of their journey; from there, they are brought on to the south, the people of Dodona being the first Greeks to receive them. From Dodona they come down to the Melian gulf, and are carried across to Euboea, and one city sends them on to another until they come to Carystus; after this, Andros is left out of their journey, for Carystians carry them to Tenos, and Tenians to Delos.
This extract is from: Herodotus. The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Feb 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.
- Perseus: Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley, 1920)