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Listed 7 sub titles with search on: Mythology for wider area of: "FTHIOTIS Ancient country FTHIOTIDA" .


Mythology (7)

First ancestors

HELLAS (Ancient city) FTHIOTIS

Achaeus, Achaios, Achaeans, Achaioi, Achaei

Son of Xuthus, a legendary eponymous hero, ancestor of the Achaeans, reigns in Thessaly.


Achaeus (Achaios), according to nearly all traditions a son of Xuthus and Creusa, and consequently a brother of Ion and grandson of Hellen. The Achaeans regarded him as the author of their race, and derived from him their own name as well as that of Achaia, which was formerly called Aegialus. When his uncle Aeolus in Thessaly, whence he himself had come to Peloponnesus, died, he went thither and made himself master of Phthiotis, which now also received from him the name of Achaia (Paus. vii. 1.2; Strab. viii.; Apollod. i. 7.3). Servius (ad Aen. i. 242) alone calls Achaeus a son of Jupiter and Pithia, which is probably miswritten for Phthia.


Achaei (Achaioi). One of the chief Hellenic races, and, according to tradition, descended from Achaeus, who was the son of Xuthus and Creusa, and grandson of Hellen. The Achaei originally dwelt in Thessaly, and from thence migrated to Peloponnesus, the whole of which became subject to them with the exception of Arcadia, and the country afterwards called Achaea. As they were the ruling nation in Peloponnesus in the heroic times, Homer frequently gives the name of Achaei to the collective Greeks. On the conquest of Peloponnesus by the Heraclidae and the Dorians, eighty years after the Trojan War, many of the Achaei under Tisamenus, the son of Orestes, left their country and took possession of the northern coast of Peloponnesus, then inhabited by Ionians, whom they expelled from the country, which was henceforth called Achaea. The expelled Ionians migrated to Attica and Asia Minor. The Achaei settled in twelve cities: Pellene, Aegira, Aegae, Bura, Helice, Aegium, Rhypae, Patrae, Pharae, Olenus, Dyme, and Tritaea. These twelve cities formed a league for mutual defence and protection. The Achaei had little influence in the affairs of Greece till the time of the successors of Alexander. In B.C. 281, the Achaei, who were then subject to the Macedonians, resolved to renew their ancient league for the purpose of shaking off the Macedonian yoke. This was the origin of the celebrated Achaean League, which did not, however, obtain much importance till B.C. 251, when Aratus united to it his native town, Sicyon. The example of Sicyon was followed by Corinth and many other towns in Greece, and the league soon became the chief political power in Greece. At length the Achaei declared war against the Romans, who destroyed the league, and thus put an end to the independence of Greece. Corinth, then the chief town of the league, was taken by the Roman general Mummius, in B.C. 146, and the whole of southern Greece made a Roman province under the name of Achaea

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Jan 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Heroes

Xuthus & Creusa

Xuthus. A legendary hero, father of Ion, son of Hellen by a nymph Orseis, father of Achaeus and Ion, flees from Thessaly to Athens, father of Diomede, husband of Creusa, marries daughter of Erechtheus, settles in Aegialus.


Χuthus (Xouthos), σon of Hellen by the nymph Orseis, and a brother of Dorus and Aeolus. He was king of Peloponnesus, and the husband of Creusa, the daughter of Erechtheus, by whom he became the father of Achaeus and Ion. Others state that after the death of his father, Hellen, Xuthus was expelled from Thessaly by his brothers, and went to Athens, where he married the daughter of Erechtheus. After the death of Erechtheus, Xuthus, being chosen arbitrator, adjudged the kingdom to his eldest brother-in-law, Cecrops, in consequence of which he was expelled by the other sons of Erechtheus, and settled in Aegialus, in the Peloponnesus.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Jan 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Creusa, a daughter of Erechtheus and Praxithea, was married to Xuthus, by whom she became the mother of Achaeus and Ion (Apollod. i. 7.3, iii. 15.1; Paus. vii. 1.1). She is also said to have been beloved by Apollo (Paus. i. 28.4), and Ion is called her son by Apollo, as in the "Ion" of Euripides.


Heroines

Antiope, mother of Hellen

Antiope. A daughter of Aeolus, by whom Poseidon begot Boeotus and Hellen. (Hygin. Fab. 157 ; Diod. iv. 67, who calls the mother of these two heroes Arne.)


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