Mythology LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 11 sub titles with search on: Mythology  for wider area of: "LEVIDI Small town MANTINIA" .


Mythology (11)

Ancient myths

Phialo and Heracles, the jay's cry

MAINALON (Ski centre) ARCADIA
This man's daughter, Phialo, had connection, say the Phigalians, with Heracles. When Alcimedon realized that she had a child, he exposed her to perish on the mountain, and with her the baby boy she had borne, whom the Arcadians call Aechmagoras. On being exposed the baby began to cry, and a jay heard him wailing and began to imitate his cries. It happened that Heracles, passing along that road, heard the jay, and, thinking that the crying was that of a baby and not of a bird, turned straight to the voice. Recognizing Phialo he loosed her from her bonds and saved the baby.

Maenads or Maenalidae or Bacchae

MENALON (Mountain) LEVIDI

   Bacchae, (Bakchai).
    (1) The female followers of Bacchus or Dionysus in his wanderings through the East, and represented as crowned with vine-leaves, wearing fawn-skins, and carrying the thyrsus in their hands. They are also known as Maenades (from mainomai, to rave) and Thyiades (from thuo, to sacrifice).
    (2) Priestesses of Bacchus or Dionysus.
    Maenades (Mainades). A name of the Bacchantes, from mainomai, "to rave," because they were frenzied in the worship of Dionysus.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Eponymous founders or settlers

Orchomenos

ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI
Son of Lycaon.

Gods & demigods

Artemis Apanchomene

KONDYLEA (Ancient location) LEVIDI
Apanchomene, the strangled (goddess), a surname of Artemis, the origin of which is thus related by Pausanias (viii. 23.5). In the neighbourhood of the town of Caphyae in Areadia, in a place called Condylea, there was a sacred grove of Artemis Condyleatis. On one occasion when some boys were playing in this grove, they put a string round the goddess' statue, and said in their jokes they would strangle Artemis. Some of the inhabitants of Caphyae who found the boys thus engaged in their sport, stoned them to death. After this occurrence, all the women of Caphyae had premature births, and all the children were brought dead into the world. This calamity did not cease until the boys were honourably buried, and an annual sacrifice to their manes was instituted in accordance with the command of an oracle of Apollo. The surname of Condyleatis was then changed into Apanchomene.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Hymnia

LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA
Hymnia, (Humnia), a surname of Artemis, under which she was worshipped throughout Arcadia. She had a temple between Orchomnenus and Mantineia, and her priestess was at first always a virgin, till after the time of Aristocrates it was decreed that she should be a married woman. (Paus. viii. 5.8, 12.3, 13.1, 4.)

Pan Maenalius

MENALON (Mountain) LEVIDI
Maenalius or Maenalides (Mainalios), a surname of Pan, derived from mount Maenalus in Arcadia, which was sacred to the god. (Paus. viii. 26. 2, 36. 5; Ov. Fast. iv. 650.)

Seers

Bacis

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI
Bacis (Bakis), seems to have been originally only a common noun derived from bazein to speak, and to have signified any prophet or speaker. In later times, however, Bacis was regarded as a proper noun, and the ancients distinguish several seers of this name.
2. The Arcadian, is mentioned by Clemens of Alexandria as the only one besides the Boeotian. (Strom. i. p. 333.) According to Suidas, he belonged to the town of Caphya, and was also called Cydas and Aletcs. (Comp. Tzetzes, ad Lycoph.. l.c.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Sep 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Settlers

Cepheus

Son of Aleus, in the Argo, father of Aeropus, receives hair of Medusa from Athena, gives his name to Caphyae, King of Tegea, and his sons march with Herakles against Lacedaemon and fall in battle.

Cepheus : Son of Aleus, one of the Argonauts. He was king of Tegea in Arcadia, and perished with most of his sons in an expedition against Heracles.

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