Aegle (Aigle), one of the daughters of Aesculapius (Plin. H. N. xxxv. 40.31) by Lampetia, the daughter of the Sun, according to Hermippus (ap. Schol. in Aristoph. Plut. 701), or by Epione, according to Suidas. (s. v. Epione..) She is said to have derived her name Aegle, " Brightness," or " Splendour," either from the beauty of the human body when in good health, or from the honour paid to the medical profession.
Hygieia, also called Hygea or Hygia, the goddess of health, and a daughter of
Asclepius (Paus. i. 23.5, 31.5). In one of the Orphic hymns (66.7) she is called
the wife of Asclepius; and Proclus (ad Plat. Tim.) makes her a daughter of Eros
and Peitho. She was usually worshipped in the same temples with her father, as
at Argos, where the two divinities had a celebrated sanctuary (Paus. ii. 23.4,
iii. 22.9), at Athens (i. 23. 5, 31,5), at Corinth (ii. 4.6), at Gortys (viii.
28.1), at Sicyon (ii. 11.6), at Oropus (i. 34.2). At Rome there was a statue of
her in the temple of Concordia (Plin. H. N. xxxiv. 19). In works of art, of which
a considerable number has come down to our time, she was represented as a virgin
dressed in a long robe, with the expression of mildness and kindness, and either
alone or grouped with her father and sisters, and either sitting or standing,
and leaning on her father. Her ordinary attribute is a serpent, which she is feeding
from a cup. Although she is originally the goddess of physical health, she is
sometimes conceived as the giver or protectress of mental health, that is, she
appears as mens sana, or huliea phreWoW (Aeschyl. Eum. 522), and was thus identified
with Athena, surnamed Hygieia.
Iaso, i. e. Recovery, a daughter of Asclepius or Amphiaraus, and sister of Hygieia, was worshipped as the goddess of recovery; and in the temple of Amphiaraus at Oropus a part of the altar was dedicated to her, in common with Aphrodite, Panaceia, Hygieia, and Athena Paeonia. (Paus. i. 34.2; Aristoph. Plut. 701, with the Schol.; Hesych. s. v.)
Panakeia, "the all-healing". A daughter of Asclepius, who had a temple at Oropus (Pausan. i. 34, 2).
Telesphorus, (Telesphoros), that is, " the completing," is the name of a medical divinity who is mentioned now and then in connection with Asclepius. Pausanias (ii. 11. § 7) says; " In the sanctuary of Asclepius at Titane sacrifices are offered to Enamerion, to whom a statue is there erected; and, if I am not mistaken, this Enamerion is called at Pergamus Telesphorus, and at Epidaurus Ansius."
The Serpent Holder. Ophiouchos (Arat. 75), Ophiuchus (German., Vitruv.), Anguitenens (Cic., Manil. v. 384), Anguifer (Columel. xi. 2, § 49), Serpentarius (Schol. German.), was commonly regarded by mythical writers and poets as Aesculapius (Eratosth. c. 6; Ov. Fast. vi. 735), and by some as Hercules, not to mention other more obscure legends. (Hygin. P. A. ii. 14, iii. 13.)
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