gtp logo

Location information

Listed 100 (total found 108) sub titles with search on: Mythology  for wider area of: "LACONIA Prefecture PELOPONNISOS" .

Mythology (108)


Lelex & Cleocharia

Lelex: A son of the soil, an aboriginal, first king of Laconia, rules the Leleges, the people called Leleges after him, shrine of Lelex at Sparta.
Cleocharia: A Naiad nymph, wife of Lelex.
Myles, king of Lacedaemon, invented a mill
Eurotas, father of Sparta
Polycaon, marries Messene, daughter of Triopas. Establishes himself in Messenia
Therapne, city Therapne named after her
Commentary: Megarians say that Lelex arrived from Egypt and became king, and that in his reign the tribe Leleges received its name.

Lelex. One of the original inhabitants of Laconia which was called after him, its first king, Lelegia. He was married to the Naiad Cleochareia, by whom he became the father of Myles, Polycaon, and Eurotas. He had a heroum at Sparta. (Apollod. iii 10.3; Paus. iii. 1.1. 12.4, iv. 1.2). Some call his wife Peridia, and his children Myles, Polyclon, Bomolochus, and Therapne; while Eurotas is represented as a son of Myles and a grandson of Lelex (Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 615). In other traditions, again, Lelex is described as a son of Spartus, and as the father of Amyclas (Steph. Byz. s. v. Lakedaimon).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2006 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


An ancient race, frequently mentioned with the Pelasgians as the prehistoric inhabitants of Greece. The Leleges were described as a warlike and migratory race, who first took possession of the coasts and the islands of Greece, and afterwards penetrated into the interior. Piracy was probably their chief occupation; and they are represented as the ancestors of the Teleboans and the Taphians, who were notorious for their piracies. The name of the Leleges was derived by the Greeks from an ancestor, Lelex, who is called king of either Megaris or Lacedaemon (Pausan. iii. 1, 1). They must be regarded as a branch of the great Indo-Germanic race, who became gradually incorporated with the Hellenes, and thus ceased to exist as an independent people. They are spoken of as inhabiting Acarnania and Aetolia, and afterwards Phocis, Locris, Boeotia, Megaris, Elis, and Laconia, which last was originally called Lelegia; also (in Asia Minor) Ionia, the southern part of the Troad, and Caria ( Herod.i. 171).

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Apr 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Conteporary of Lelex, hiw shrine at Sparta (Paus. 3.12.5)

Ancient myths


AMYKLES (Ancient sanctuary) SPARTI
   Son of King Amyclas, of Amyclae in Laconia, and of Diomedes. He was beloved for his beauty by Apollo and Zephyrus. As Apollo was one day teaching the boy how to play at quoits, on the banks of the river Eurotas, the wind-god in his jealousy drove the quoit with such violence against the head of Hyacinthus that the blow killed him. From his blood Apollo caused a flower of the same name to spring up, with the exclamation of woe, AI, AI, marked upon its petals. (See Aiax.) Hyacinthus, like Adonis, is a personification of vegetation, which flourishes in the spring-time, but is scorched and killed by the glowing heat of the summer sun, which is symbolized by the quoit or discus.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Hyacinthus (Hyacinthos). The youngest son of the Spartan king Amyclas and Diomede (Apollod. iii. 10.3; Paus. iii. 1.3, 19.4), but according to others a son of Pierus and Clio, or of Oebalus or Eurotas (Lucian, Dial. Deor. 14; Hygin. Fab. 271). He was a youth of extraordinary beauty, and beloved by Thamyris and Apollo, who unintentionally killed him during a game of discus (Apollod. i. 3.3). Some traditions relate that he was beloved also by Boreas or Zephrus, who, from jealousy of Apollo, drove the discus of the god against the head of the youth, and thus killed him (Lucian, l. c; Serv. ad Virg. Eelog. iii. 63; Philostr. Imag. i.24; Ov. Met. x. 184). From the blood of Hyacinthus there sprang the flower of the same name (hyacinth), on the leaves of which there appeared the exclamation of woe AI, AI, or the letter U, being the initial of Huakinthos. According to other traditions, the hyacinth (on the leaves of which, howeve those characters do not appear) sprang from the blood of Ajax (Schol. ad Theocrit. x. 28; comp. Ov. Met. xiii. 395, who combines both legends; Plin. H. N. xxi. 28). Hyacinthus was worshipped at Amyclae as a hero, and a great festival, Hyacinthia, was celebrated in his honour. (Dict. of Ant. s. r.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited April 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Daughters of Hyacinth, slain by the Athenians: Aegleis, Antheis.

Carya (walnut)

  One of king Dion of Laconia and queen Iphitea's three daughters. When Iphitea had shown hospitality to Apollo, the god rewarded this by giving the gift of prophecy to the three daughters under the condition that they would not try to know forbidden things or betray the gods.
  When Dionysus visited the court he fell in love with Carya, and she with him. He then left, but came back to be with her. Carya's sisters tried to keep him from her, and he then pointed out that they were betraying a god. They still would not let him near Carya, and Dionysus struck them with madness.
  They then went up on Mt. Tagyetus and became rocks. Carya turned into a walnut tree.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.

Silenos or Silenus

A wood-deity, his alleged capture in the "garden of Midas" in Macedonia, caught by Midas, brought up at Malea, husband of Nais, father of the centaur Pholus, called Pyrrhichus, stone on which Silenus sat, well given by Silenus, temple of Silenus at Elis, Marsyas called Silenus, elderly Satyrs called Silenuses, Silenuses mortal, graves of Silenuses at Pergamus and in land of Hebrews.

Catastrophes of the place

Dioscuri, Lapersae

LAS (Ancient city) GYTHIO
As for Las, the story goes, the Dioscuri once captured it by siege, and it was from this fact that they got the appellation "Lapersae."

By Pyrrhus

ZARAX (Ancient city) ZARAKAS
Deprived of his kingship Cleonymus became violently angry, and the ephors tried to soothe his feelings by bestowing upon him various honors, especially the leadership of the armies, so as to prevent his becoming one day an enemy of Sparta. But at last he committed many hostile acts against his fatherland, and induced Pyrrhus the son of Aeacides to invade Laconia.

Colonizations by the inhabitants

Lacedaemon settled in Acarnania

  It appears that also a colony from Lacedaemon settled in Acarnania, I mean Icarius, father of Penelope, and his followers; for in the Odyssey the poet represents both Icarius and the brothers of Penelope as living:
" who shrink from going to the house of her father, Icarius, that he himself may exact the bride-gifts for his daughter", and, concerning her brothers,"for already her father and her brothers bid her marry Eurymachus";
for, in the first place, it is improbable that they were living in Lacedaemon, since in that case Telemachus would not have lodged at the home of Menelaus when he went to Lacedaemon, and, secondly, we have no tradition of their having lived elsewhere. But they say that Tyndareus and his brother Icarius, after being banished by Hippocoon from their homeland, went to Thestius, the ruler of the Pleuronians, and helped him to acquire possession of much of the country on the far side of the Achelous on condition that they should receive a share of it; that Tyndareus, however, went back home, having married Leda, the daughter of Thestius, whereas Icarius stayed on, keeping a portion of Acarnania, and by Polycaste, the daughter of Lygaeus, begot both Penelope and her brothers.

This extract is from: The Geography of Strabo (ed. H. L. Jones, 1924), Cambridge. Harvard University Press. Cited Apr 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.



SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
The constellation Gemini was formed in the sky by Zeus, who wanted to reward the two brothers, Castor and Polydeuces (Pollux) for their love and loyalty to each other. This love they had proved many times, but the greatest proof was that Polydeuces (Pollux) decided to share his immortality with his brother, who had been slain in battle.



... and descendants of Talthybius called Talthybiadae, who have the special privilege of conducting all embassies from Sparta.

Eponymous founders or settlers


AKRIES (Ancient city) ELOS
Lacedaemonian, suitor of Hippodamia, killed by Oenomaus.


AMYKLES (Ancient sanctuary) SPARTI
Son of Lacedaemon, father of Cynortas and Hyacinth, king of Laconia, father of Laodamia and father of Leanira.

Amyclas (Amuklas), a son of Lacedaemon and Sparta, and father of Hyacinthus by Diomede, the daughter of Lapithus (Apollod. iii. 10.3; Paus. x. 9.3, vii. 18.4). He was king of Laconia, and was regarded as the founder of the town of Amyclae (Paus. iii. 1.3). Two other mythical personages of this name occur in Parthen. Erot. 15, and Apollod. iii. 9. Β§ 1.


ELOS (Ancient city) LACONIA
Youngest son of Perseus, founds Helos in Laconia, goes with Amphitryon against the Taphians, settles in the Taphian islands.


LAS (Ancient city) GYTHIO
Slain by Achilles or Patroclus.

Lacedaemon and Sparta

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Lacedaemon; son of Zeus and Taygete, king of Laconia, founds Sparta, founds sanctuary of two Graces, father of Amyclas and Eurydice, his descendants, his shrine at Alesiae, the country named after him. Sparta; daughter of Eurotas, wife of Lacedaemon, her statue at Amyclae.


Teuthras. An Athenian, who was believed to have founded Teuthrania in Laconia. (Paus. iii. 25.3.)


VIES (Ancient city) VOION
Boeus (Boios), a son of Heracles, and founder of the Laconian town of Boeae, to which he led colonists from Etis, Aphrodisias, and Side. (Paus. iii. 22.9)

First ancestors

Agis I, king of Sparta, ca. 1032 BC

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Son of Eurysthenes, king of Sparta, founder of the royal family of Agiadae (Agids), 5th-4th century BC.


Agis, king of Sparta, son of Eurysthenes, began to reign, it is said, about B. C. 1032. According to Eusebius (Chron. i.) he reigned only one year; according to Apollodorus, as it appears, about 31 years. During the reign of Eurysthenes, the conquered people were admitted to an equality of political rights with the Dorians. Agis deprived them of these, and reduced them to the condition of subjects to the Spartans. The inhabitants of the town of Helos attempted to shake off the yoke, but they were subdued, and gave rise and name to the class called Helots. To his reign was referred the colony which went to Crete under Pollis and Delphus (Conon. Narr. 36). From him the kings of that line were called Agidai. His colleague was Sous. (Paus. iii. 2.1)

This text is from: A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities (1890) (eds. William Smith, LLD, William Wayte, G. E. Marindin). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



For when Aeneas was voyaging to Sicily, he put in with his ships to Laconia, becoming the founder of the cities Aphrodisias and Etis; his father Anchises for some reason or other came to this place and died there, where Aeneas buried him. (Perseus Project - Paus. 8.12.8)


  Son of Aphrodite and the Trojan Anchises. When Troy fell, Aeneas managed to escape. He took his old father on his back, and his son Askanios by his hand and had his wife Creusa walk behind him. His divine mother helped them out of the city safely.
  Somewhere along the way Creusa disappeared, but Aeneas made it safely to Italy. There, he became the ancestor of Romolus and Remus, the fathers of Rome.
  Virgil's “Aenid” is about this hero and his adventurous journey.

This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.

Heracles & Apollo

GYTHION (Ancient city) LACONIA
The people of Cythium say that their city had no human founder, but that Heracles and Apollo, when they were reconciled after their strife for the possession of the tripod, united to found the city.(Perseus Project - Paus. 3.21.8)


ITI (Ancient city) VOION
For when Aeneas was voyaging to Sicily, he put in with his ships to Laconia, becoming the founder of the cities Aphrodisias and Etis; his father Anchises for some reason or other came to this place and died there, where Aeneas buried him. (Perseus Project - Paus. 8.12.8)

Gods & demigods

Apollo Amyclaeus

AMYKLES (Ancient sanctuary) SPARTI
Amyclaeus (Amuklaios), a surname of Apollo, derived from the town of Amyclae in Laconia, where he had a celebrated sanctuary. His colossal statue is estimated by Pausanias (iii. 19.2) at thirty cubits in height. It appears to have been very ancient, for with the exception of the head, hands, and feet, the whole resembled more a brazen pillar than a statue. This figure of the god wore a helmet, and in his hands he held a spear and a bow. The women of Amyclae made every year a new chiton for the god, and the place where they made it was also called the Chiton (Paus. iii. 16.2). The sanctuary of Apollo contained the throne of Amyclae, a work of Bathycles of Magnesia, which Pausanias saw. (iii. 18.6)

Nereus Geron

GYTHION (Ancient city) LACONIA
Geron, that is, "the old man;" under this name Nereus was worshipped at Gythium in Laconia. (Paus. i. 23.8; comp. Hes. Theog. 234.)

Athena Hippolaitis

IPPOLA (Ancient city) ITYLO
Hippolaitis, a surname of Athena at Hippola in Laconia. (Paus. iii. 25.6.)

Artemis Caryatis

Caryatis (Karuatis), a surname of Artemis, derived from the town of Caryae in Laconia. Here the statue of the goddess stood in the open air, and maidens celebrated a festival to her every year with dances. (Paus. iii. 10. Β§ 8, iv. 16.5)

Zeus Croeceatas

KROKEES (Ancient city) LACONIA
Croeceatas (Krokeatas), a surname of Zeus, derived from a place, Croceae, near Gythium in Laconia. (Paus. iii. 21.4)


Epidotes, a divinity who was worshipped at Lacedaemon, and averted the anger of Zeus Hicesius for the crime committed by Pausanias. (Paus. iii. 17.8.) Epidotes, which means the "liberal giver," occurs also as a surname of other divinities, such as Zeus at Mantineia and Sparta (Paus. viii. 9.1; Hesych. s. v.), of the god of sleep at Sicyon, who had a statue in the temple of Asclepius there, which represented him in the act of sending a lion to sleep (Paus. ii. 10.3), and lastly of the beneficent gods, to whom Antoninus built a sanctuary at Epidaurus. (Paus. ii. 27.7.)

Artemis Derrhiatis

Derrhiatis (Derriatis), a surname of Artemis, which she derived from the town of Derrhion on the road from Sparta to Arcadia. (Paus. iii. 20.7)

Artemis Issoria

Issoria, a surname of the Laconian Artemis, derived from Mount Issorion, on which she had a sanctuary. (Paus. iii. 14. Β 2, 25. Β 3; Hesych. and Steph. Byz. s. v.; Plut. Ages. 32; Polyaen. ii. 14.)

Apollo Maleates

Maleates, a surname of Apollo, derived from cape Malea, in the south of Laconia. He had sanctuaries under this name at Sparta and on mount Cynortium. (Paus. iii. 12. 7, ii. 27, in fin.)

Apollo Amazonius

Amazonius (Amazonios), a surname of Apollo, under which he was worshipped, and had a temple at Pyrrhichus in Laconia. The name was derived either from the belief that the Amazons had penetrated into Peloponnesus as far as Pyrrhichus, or that they had founded the temple there. (Paus. iii. 25.2)

Artemis Astrateia

Astrateia, a surname of Artemis, under which she had a temple near Pyrrhichus in Laconia, because she was believed to have stopped there the progress of the Amazons. (Paus. iii. 25.2)

Artemis Aeginaea

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Aeginaea (Aiginaia, a surname of Artemis, under which she was worshipped at Sparta (Paus. iii. 14.3). It means either the huntress of chamois, or the wielder of the javelin (aiganea).

Hera Aegophagus

Aegophagus (Aigophagos), the goat-eater, a surname of Hera, under which she was worshipped by the Lacedaemonians. (Paus. iii. 15.7; Hesych)

Zeus Agamemnon

Agamemnon A surname of Zeus, under which he was worshipped at Sparta. (Lycophr. 335, with the School.; Eustath. ad Il. ii. 25.) Eustathius thinks that the god derived this name from the resemblance between him and Agamemnon; while others believe that it is a mere epithet signifying the Eternal, from agan and menon.

Zeus Agetor

Agetor, a surname given to several gods, for instance:
to Zeus at Lacedaemon (Stob. Serm. 42). The name seems to describe Zeus as the leader and ruler of men; but others think, that it is synonymous with Agamemnon,
to Apollo (Eurip. Med. 426) where however Elmsley and others prefer haletor,
to Hermes, who conducts the souls of men to the lower world. Under this name Hermes had a statue at Megalopolis (Paus. viii. 34).

Aphrodite Ambologera

Ambologera, from anaballo and geras " delaying old age," as a surname of Aphrodite, who had a statue at Sparta under this name. (Paus. iii. 18.1; Plut. Sympos. iii. 6)

Ambulia, Ambulius, Ambulii

Ambulia, Ambulius, Ambulii (Amboulia, Amboulioi, and Amboulios), surnames under which the Spartans worshipped Athena, the Dioscuri, and Zeus (Paus. iii. 13.4). The meaning of the name is uncertain, but it has been supposed to be derived from dnaballo, and to designate those divinities as the delayers of death.

Aphrodite Areia

Areia, the warlike, a surname of Aphrodite, when represented in full armour like Ares, as was the case at Sparta. (Paus. iii. 17.5)

Zeus Evanemus

Evanemus, (Euanemos), the giver of favourable wind, was a surname of Zeus, under which the god had a sanctuary at Sparta. (Paus. iii. 13. 5; comp. Theocrit. xxviii. 5.)

Athena Axiopoenos

Axiopoenos (Axiopoinos), the avenger, a surname of Athena. Under this name Heracles built a temple to the goddess at Sparta, after he had chastised Hippocoon and his sons for the murder of Oeonus. (Paus. iii. 15.4)

Athena Chalcioecus

Chalcioecus (Chalkioikos), "the goddess of the brazen house", a surname of Athena at Sparta, derived from the brazen temple which the goddess had in that city, and which also contained her statue in brass. This temple, which continued to exist in the time of Pausanias, was believed to have been commenced by Tyndareus, but was not completed till many years later by the Spartan artist Gitiadas. (Paus. iii. 17.3, x. 5.5; C. Nep. Paus. 5; Polyb. iv. 22). Respecting the festival of the Chalcioecia celebrated at Sparta, see Dict. of Ant. s. v. Chalkioikia.

Poseidon Domatites

Domatites, that is, the domestic, a surname of Poseidon, at Sparta, which is, perhaps, synonymous with epichorios. (Paus. iii. 14.7.)

Hera Hypercheiria

Hypercheiria, (Hupercheiria), the goddess who holds her protecting hand over a thing, a surname under which Hera had a sanctuary at Sparta, which had been erected to her at the command of an oracle, when the country was inundated by the river Eurotas. (Paus. iii. 13.6.)

Artemis Cnagia

Cnagia (Knagia), a surname of Artemis, derived from Cnageus, a Laconian, who accompanied the Dioseuri in their war against Aphidna, and was made prisoner. He was sold as a slave, and carried to Crete, where he served in the temple of Artemis; but he escaped from thence with a priestess of the goddess, who carried her statue to Sparta. (Paus. iii. 18.3)

Artemis Corythallia

Corythallia (Koruthallia), a surname of Artemis at Sparta, at whose festival of the Tithenidia the Spartan boys were carried into her sanctuary. (Athen. iv.)

Poseidon Gaeeochus

THERAPNI (Ancient city) SPARTI
Gaeeochus, (Gaieochos), that is, " the holder of the earth," is a common epithet of Poseidon (Hom. Od. xi. 240), and near Therapne, in Laconia, he had a temple under the name of Gaeeochus. (Paus. iii. 20.2.) But the name is also given to other divinities to describe them as the protectors and patrons of certain districts, e. g. Artemis Gaeeochus at Thebes. (Soph. Oed. Tyr. 160.)

Gods & heroes related to the location


Inland, forty stades from the river, lies Pyrrhichus, the name of which is said to be derived from Pyrrhus the son of Achilles; but according to another account Pyrrhichus was one of the gods called Curetes. Others say that Silenus came from Malea and settled here. That Silenus was brought up in Malea is clear from these words in an ode of Pindar:
The mighty one, the dancer, whom the mount of Malea nurtured, husband of Nais, Silenus.
Not that Pindar said his name was Pyrrhichus; that is a statement of the men of Malea.

This extract is from: Pausanias. Description of Greece (ed. W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., & H.A. Ormerod, 1918). Cited Apr 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


As a fourth labour he ordered him to bring the Erymanthian boar alive; now that animal ravaged Psophis, sallying from a mountain which they call Erymanthus. So passing through Pholoe he was entertained by the centaur Pholus, a son of Silenus by a Melian nymph. He set roast meat before Hercules, while he himself ate his meat raw. When Hercules called for wine, he said he feared to open the jar which belonged to the centaurs in common. But Hercules, bidding him be of good courage, opened it, and not long afterwards, scenting the smell, the centaurs arrived at the cave of Pholus, armed with rocks and firs. The first who dared to enter, Anchius and Agrius, were repelled by Hercules with a shower of brands, and the rest of them he shot and pursued as far as Malea. Thence they took refuge with Chiron, who, driven by the Lapiths from Mount Pelion, took up his abode at Malea. As the centaurs cowered about Chiron, Hercules shot an arrow at them, which, passing through the arm of Elatus, stuck in the knee of Chiron. Distressed at this, Hercules ran up to him, drew out the shaft, and applied a medicine which Chiron gave him. But the hurt proving incurable, Chiron retired to the cave and there he wished to die, but he could not, for he was immortal. However, Prometheus offered himself to Zeus to be immortal in his stead, and so Chiron died. The rest of the centaurs fled in different directions, and some came to Mount Malea, and Eurytion to Pholoe, and Nessus to the river Evenus. The rest of them Poseidon received at Eleusis and hid them in a mountain. But Pholus, drawing the arrow from a corpse, wondered that so little a thing could kill such big fellows; howbeit, it slipped from his hand and lighting on his foot killed him on the spot. So when Hercules returned to Pholoe, he beheld Pholus dead; and he buried him and proceeded to the boar hunt. And when he had chased the boar with shouts from a certain thicket, he drove the exhausted animal into deep snow, trapped it, and brought it to Mycenae.

This extract is from: Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer, 1921). Cited Apr 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.


SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Daughter of Ocean, turned into a goose, consorts with Zeus, turned into a swan, lays an egg, out of which Helen is hatched, mother of Helen, sanctuary and image of Nemesis at Rhamnus, temple and image at Patrae, ancient images of Nemesis wingless, in later times Nemesis represented with wings, sanctuary of two Nemeses at Smyrna, the two Nemeses daughters of Night.



AMYKLES (Ancient sanctuary) SPARTI
Deiphobus. A son of Hippolytus at Amyclae, who puri fied Heracles after the murder of Iphitus (Apollod. ii. 6.2; Diod. iv. 31)

Children of Dioscuri

SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Children of Dioscuri, images of, represented on horseback on throne of Amyclaean Apollo. Anogon; Son of Castor by Hilaira.


Son of Menelaus by slave girl.


Son of Icarius by Periboea.


Dorceus, (Dorkeus), a son of Hippocoon, who had a heroum at Sparta conjointly with his brother Sebrus. The well near the sanctuary was called Dorceia, and the place around it Sebrion. (Paus. iii. 15.2) It is probable that Dorceus is the same personage as the Dorycleus in Apollodorus (iii. 10.5), where his brother is called Tebrus.


Enarephorus, (Enarephoros), a son of Hippocoon, was a most passionate suitor of Helen, when she was yet quite young. Tyndareus, therefore, entrusted the maiden to the care of Theseus. (Apollod. iii. 10.5; Plut Thes. 31.) Enarephorus had a heroun at Sparta. (Paus. iii. 15.2)


Hyacinthus. A Lacedaemonian, who is said to have gone to Athens, and in compliance with an oracle, to have caused his daughters to be sacrificed on the tomb on the Cyclops Geraestus, for the purpose of a learned of delivering the city from famine and the plague, under which it was suffering during the war with Minos. His daughters, who were sacrificed either to Athena or Persephone, were known in the Attic legends by the name of the Hyacinthides, which they derived from their father. (Apollod. iii. 15.8; Hygin. Fab. 238; Harpocrat. s. v.) Some traditions make them the daughters of Erechtheus, and relate that they received their name from the village of Hyacinthus, where they were sacrificed at the time when Athens was attacked by the Eleusinians and Thracians, or Thebans. (Snid. s.v. Parthenoi; Demnosth. Epilaph.; Lycurg. c. Leocrat. 24; Cic. p. Sext. 48; Hygin. Fab. 46.) The names and numbers of the Hyacinthides differ in the different writers. The account of Apollo dorus is confused: he mentions four, and repre sents them as married, although they were sacriticed as maidens, whence they are sometimes called simply hai parthenoi. Those traditions in which they are described as the daughters of Erechtheus confouiud them with Agraulos, Herse, and Pandrosos (Schol. ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 211), or with the Hyades. (Serv. ad Aen. i. 748.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Iops, a hero who had a sanctuary at Sparta. (Paus. iii. 12. Β 4.)


Son of Poseidon and a companion of Jason on his voyage to Colchis. He it is who is winning the chariot-race at Pelias' fumeral games. Euphemus sends one dove to see if the passage through the Symplegades was possible (Argon. 2. 561). Euphemus is turned into an euphemistic name of a chthonian god, who lives at the gate of Hades, Taenarum. Euphymus, of the Minyan clan, was the ancestor of Battus, the settler of Libya

Euphemus (Euphemos). Son of Poseidon and Europa, daughter of Tityus, husband of Laonome, the sister of Heracles. His father conferred on him the gift of moving so swiftly over the sea that his feet remained dry. He was originally one of the Minyae of Panopeus in Phocis, but afterwards settled on the promontory of Taenarum in Laconia, and took part in the Calydonian hunt and the expedition of the Argonauts. When the Argonauts came to the lake of Triton, Triton gave Eumolpus a clod of earth, and Medea prophesied that if he threw this into the entrance of the lower world at Taenarum, his descendants of the tenth generation would be masters of Libya. The clod, however, was lost in the island of Thera, and his descendants were compelled to hold possession of this island, from which at length, in the seventeenth generation, Battus came forth and founded Cyrene in Libya.

This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Apr 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks



SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Electra, a servant of Helen, was painted by Polygnotus in the Lesche at Delphi, in the act of kneeling before her mistress and fastening her sandals. (Paus x. 25.2)

Historic figures


ITI (Ancient city) VOION
Daughter of Aeneas.


ITYLOS (Ancient city) LACONIA
An Argive, son of Amphianax.


Lacedaemon (Lakedaimon), a son of Zeus by Taygete, was married to Sparta, the daughter of Eurotas, by whom he became the father of Amyclas, Eurydice, and Asine. He was king of the country which he called after his own name, Lacedaemon, while he gave to his capital the name of his wife, Sparta. (Apollod. iii. 10. Β§ 3; Paus. iii. 1. Β 2, &c.; Steph. Byz. s. v. Asine.) He was believed to have built the sanctuary of the Charites, which stood between Sparta and Amyclae, and to have given to those divinities the names of Cleta and Phaenna. (Paus. iii. 18. Β§ 4.) An heroum was erected to him in the neighbourhood of Therapne. (Paus. iii. 20. Β 2.)

Pyrrhus or Pyrrhichus

Pyrrhus; Afterwards called Neoptolemus, son of Achilles by Deidamia. Pyrrhichus; Said to be Silenus or one of Curetes.


SIDI (Ancient city) VOION
Daughter of Danaus.


Taygete had by Zeus a son Lacedaemon, after whom the country of Lacedaemon is called

   (Taugete). The daughter of Atlas and Pleione, one of the Pleiades, from whom Mount Taygetus in Laconia is said to have derived its name. By Zeus she became the mother of Lacedaemon and of Eurotas.


THERAPNI (Ancient city) SPARTI
Daughter of Lelex.


ZARAX (Ancient city) ZARAKAS
Zarex say learned music from Apollo, but my opinion is that he was a Lacedaemonian who came as a stranger to the land, and that after him is named Zarax, a town in the Laconian territory near the sea.



SPARTI (Ancient city) LACONIA
Argalus; son of Amyclas, king of Laconia.

Aristodemus & Argea (Argeia)

Aristodemus; Heraclid, son of Aristomachus, father of Eurysthenes and Procles, husband of Argea his sons return to Peloponnese, his sons are allotted Lacedaemon. Argea; daughter of Autesion, wife of Aristodemus, king of Sparta, mother of Procles and Eurysthenes.

Aristodemus (Aristodemos), a son of Aristomachus, and a descendant of Heracles, was married to Argeia, by whom he became the father of Eurysthenes and Procles. According to some traditions Aristodemus was killed at Naupactus by a flash of lightning, just as he was setting out on his expedition into Peloponnesus (Apollod. ii. 8.2, &c.), or by an arrow of Apollo at Delphi because he had consulted Heracles about the return of the Heraclids instead of the Delphic oracle. (Paus. iii. 1. Β§ 5.) According to this tradition, Eurysthenes and Procles were the first Heraclid kings of Lacedaemon; but a Lacedaemonian tradition stated, that Aristodemus himself came to Sparta, was the first king of his race, and died a natural death (Herod, vi. 52; Xenoph. Agesil. 8.7). Another Heraclid of this name, the grandfather of the former, is mentioned by Euripides.

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Cynortas or Cynortes

Cynortas or Cynortes (Kunortes), a son of Amyclas by Diomede, and brother of Hyacinthus. After the death of his brother Argalus, he became king of Sparta and father of Oebalus or of Perieres. His tomb was shown at Sparta not fair from the Scias. (Paus. iii. 1.3, 13.1; Apollod. iii. 10.3; Schol. ad Eurip. Orest. 447)


Dion, a king in Laconia and husband of Iphitea, the daughter of Prognaus. Apollo, who had been kindly received by Iphitea, rewarded her by conferring upon her three daughters, Orphe, Lyco, and Carya, tile gift of prophecy, on condition, however. that they shuld not betray the gods nor search after forbidden things. Afterwards Dionysus also came to the house of Dion; he was not only well received, like Apollo, but won the love of Carya, and therefore soon paid Dion a second visit, under the pretext of consecrating a temple, which the king had erected to him. Orphe and Lyco, however, guarded their sister, and when Dionysus had reminded them, in vain, of the command of Apollo, they were seized with raging madness, and having gone to the heights of Taygetus, they were metamorphosed into rocks. Carya, the beloved of Dionysus, was changed into a nut tree, and the Lacedaemonians, on being informed of it by Artemis, dedicated a temple to Artemis Caryatis. (Serv. ad Virg. Ecl. viii. 30)


Son of Lelex, second king of Laconia, invented a mill.

Eurotas and Cleta

Eurotas; son of Lelex or Myles, third king of Laconia, drains the country. Cleta; one of the Graces.

Eurotas, a son of Myles and grandson of Lelex. He was the father of Sparte, the wife of Lacedaemon, and is said to have carried the waters, stagnating in the plain of Lacedaemon, into the sea by means of a canal, and to have called the river which arose therefrom after his own name, Eurotas. (Paus. iii. 1.2.) Apollodorus (iii. 10.3) calls him a son of Lelex by the nymph Cleochareia, and in Stephanus of Byzantium (s. v. Taugeton) his mother is called Taygete. (Comp. Schol. ad Pind. Pyth. iv. 15, Ol. vi. 46, ad Lycophl. 886.)

Oebalus & Gorgophone

Oebalus; son of Cynortas, second husband of Gorgophone, father of Pirene and of Tyndareus, shrine of, according to some, son of Perieres, father of Hippocoon, Icarius and Arene. Gorgophone; daughter of Perseus, wife of Perieres and Oebalus, first woman who married a second time.

Alcon (Alkon). A son of Hippocoon, and one of the Calydonian hunters, was killed, together with his father and brothers, by Heracles, and had a heroum at Sparta. (Apollod. iii. 10.5; Hygin. Fab. 173; Paus. iii. 14. § 7, 15.3)


The son of Oebalus of Sparta and of the nymph Batea. He drove his brothers Tyndareus and Icarins from home. Afterwards, in consequence of his slaying the young Oeonus, a kinsman of Heracles, he himself, with his twenty sons, was slain by Heracles in alliance with King Cepheus of Tegea. Tyndareus was thereby restored to the inheritance of his father's kingdom.

Hippocoon had sons, to wit: Dorycleus, Scaeus, Enarophorus, Eutiches, Bucolus, Lycaethus, Tebrus, Hippothous, Eurytus, Hippocorystes, Alcinus, and Alcon. With the help of these sons Hippocoon expelled Icarius and Tyndareus from Lacedaemon. They fled to Thestius and allied themselves with him in the war which he waged with his neighbors; and Tyndareus married Leda, daughter of Thestius. But afterwards, when Hercules slew Hippocoon and his sons, they returned, and Tyndareus succeeded to the kingdom.
Commentary: According to the Scholiasts on Euripides and Homer, Icarius joined Hippocoon in driving his brother Tyndareus out of Sparta.

This extract is from: Apollodorus, Library and Epitome (ed. Sir James George Frazer, 1921). Cited Apr 2003 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

Hippocoon (Hippokoon). The son of Oebalus of Sparta and of the nymph Batea. He drove his brothers Tyndareus and Icarins from home. Afterwards, in consequence of his slaying the young Oeonus, a kinsman of Heracles, he himself, with his twenty sons, was slain by Heracles in alliance with King Cepheus of Tegea. Tyndareus was thereby restored to the inheritance of his father's kingdom.

Orestes and Hermione

Orestes; son of Agamemnon, saved by Electra and brought up by Strophius, kills Clytaemnestra and Aegisthus, pursued by the Furies, he goes to Athens and is tried and acquitted in the Areopagus, bites off a finger, healed of madness at Ace, healed of madness on unwrought stone at Gythium, with Iphigenia steals image of Artemis from Tauric land, driven by a storm to Rhodes, comes to Mycenae, purified at Troezen, takes possession of Argos, adds part of Arcadia to his domains, marries Hermione or Erigone, robbed of his wife Hermione by Neoptolemus, slays Neoptolemus at Delphi, father of Tisamenus and Penthilus, succeeds to crown of Sparta, king of Achaia, friend of Pylades, migrates to Arcadia, killed by a snake at Oresteum. Hermione; daughter of Menelaus and Helen, wife of Pyrrhus and afterwards of Orestes, mother of Tisamenus.


Son of Orestes and Hermione, king of Argos and Lacedaemon, in his reign Heraclids return to Peloponnese, with Achaeans at war with Temenus and Dorians, being expelled by Heraclids settles in Achaia, slain in battle with Ionians or by the Heraclids, his bones brought from Helice to Sparta, his sons, his cousins.

Eurysthenes and Lathria

A son of Aristodemus, who reigned conjointly with his twin-brother Procles at Sparta. It was not known which of the two was born first; the mother, who wished to see both her sons raised on the throne, refused to declare it; and they were both appointed kings of Sparta by order of the oracle of Delphi, B.C. 1102. After the death of the two brothers, the Lacedaemonians, who knew not to what family the right of seniority and succession belonged, permitted two kings to sit on the throne, one of each family. The descendants of Eurysthenes were called Eurysthenidae, and those of Procles, Proclidae. It was inconsistent with the laws of Sparta for two kings of the same family to ascend the throne together, yet that law was sometimes violated by oppression and tyranny. Eurysthenes had a son called Agis , who succeeded him. His descendants were called Agidae. There sat on the throne of Sparta thirty-one kings of the family of Eurysthenes, and only twenty-four of the Proclidae.

Eurysthenes, (Eurusthenes), and Procles (Prokles), the twin sons of Aristodemus, were born, according to the common account before, but, according to the genuine Spartan story, after their father's return to Peloponnesus and occupation of his allotment of Laconia. He died immediately after the birth of his children and had not even time to decide which of the two should succeed him. The mother professed to be unable to name the elder, and the Lacedaemonians in embarrassment applied to Delphi, and were instructed to make them both kings, but give the greater honour to the elder. The difficulty thus remaining was at last removed at the suggestion of Panites, a Messenian by watching which of the children was first washed and fed by the mother; and the first rank was accordingly given to Eurysthenes and retained by his descendants. (Herod. vi. 51, 52.) The mother's name was Argeia, and her brother Theras was, during their minority, their joint-guardian and regent. (Herod. iv. 147.) They were married to two sisters, twins like themselves, the daughters of Thersander, the Heracleid king of Cleonae, by name Lathria and Anaxandra, whose tombs were to be seen at Sparta in the time of Pausanias (iii. 16. 5). The two brothers are said to have united with the son of Temenus to restore Aepytus, the son of Cresphontes, to Messenia. Otherwise, they were, according to both Pausanias and Herodotus, in continual strife, which perhaps may give a meaning to the strange story related in Polyaenus (i. 10), that Procles and Temenus attacked the Eurystheidae then in occupation of Sparta, and were successful through the good order preserved by the flute, the benefit of which on this occasion was the origin of the well-known Spartan practice. Ephorus in Strabo (viii.) states, that they maintained themselves by taking foreigners into their service, and these Clinton understands by the name Eurystheidae; but Miiller considers it to be one of the transfers made by Ephorus in ancient times of the customs of his own. Cicero (de Div. ii. 43) tells us, that Procles died one year before his brother, and was much the more famous for his achievements. (Compare Clinton, F. H. vol. i.; Muller, Dor. i. 5.13, 14.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Oct 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Procles & Anaxandra

Procles; twin son of Aristodemus by Argia, one of the twin brothers whence the dual kingship at Sparta began. Anaxandra; daughter of Thersander, wife of Procles.

You are able to search for more information in greater and/or surrounding areas by choosing one of the titles below and clicking on "more".

GTP Headlines

Receive our daily Newsletter with all the latest updates on the Greek Travel industry.

Subscribe now!
Greek Travel Pages: A bible for Tourism professionals. Buy online

Ferry Departures