PELLANA (Mycenean settlement) PELANA
Farther On in the direction of Pellana is what is called Characoma (Trench); and after it Pellana, which in the olden time was a city. They say that Tyndareus dwelt here when he fled from Sparta before Hippocoon and his sons.
Tyndareus, Tyndareos. The son of Perieres and Gorgophone, or, according to others, son of Oebalus, by the nymph Batia or by Gorgophone. Tyndareus and his brother Icarius were expelled by their step-brother Hippocoon and his sons; whereupon Tyndareus fled to Thestius in Aetolia, and assisted him in his wars against his neighbours. In Aetolia Tyndareus married Leda, the daughter of Thestius, and was afterwards restored to Sparta by Heracles. By Leda, Tyndareus became the father of Timandra, Clytaemnestra, and Philopoe. One night Leda was embraced both by Zeus and by Tyndareus, and the result was the birth of Pollux and Helena, the children of Zeus, and of Castor and Clytaemnestra, the children of Tyndareus. The patronymic Tyndaridae is frequently given to Castor and Pollux, and the female patronymic Tyndaris to Helen and Clytaemnestra. When Castor and Pollux had been received among the immortals, Tyndareus invited Menelaus to come to Sparta, and surrendered his kingdom to him.
This text is from: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities. Cited Oct 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
The people of Thalamae say that the Dioscuri were born in Pephnus. I know that Alcman too says this in a song: but they do not say that they remained to be brought up in Pephnus, but that it was Hermes who took them to Pellana.
Two brothers with the same mother, Leta, but different fathers. Leta
was king Tyndareus of Sparta's wife, with whom Zeus had fallen in love and seduced
her in the shape of a swan. By him she laid two eggs, one by Zeus containing Polydeuces
(lat. Pollux) and Helen, one by Tyndareus, containing Castor and Clytemnestra.
When Helen was kidnapped by Theseus, it was the Dioscoures that saved her.
Polydeuces was immortal but Castor was not. When Castor died Polydeuces begged his father to either kill him as well, or let them both be immortal. Zeus then let them spend every second day on Mt. Olympus as immortals, and every second day in Hades as mortals.
The Dioscoures were widely worshipped in ancient Greece, and it was believed they protected young men and were patrons of athletics. One sacrificed to them by putting out food. They were believed to be rescuers for those in need, and that they would turn up in times of danger as youths on white horses.
They also protected sailors, and the electrical light that can be seen in masts during thunderstorms, St. Elmo's fire was believed to be the sign that they were with them. The star constellation Gemini was their sign, showing the way to sailors lost at sea.
In art they were depicted with the kind of conical hats sailors wore, and often stars were put next to them.
This text is cited Sept 2003 from the In2Greece URL below.
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