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Listed 5 sub titles with search on: Mythology  for wider area of: "BURSA Province TURKEY" .

Mythology (5)

Ancient myths


KIOS (Ancient city) TURKEY
Hylas, a son of Theiodamas, king of the Dryopes, by the nymph Menodice (Apollon. Rhod. i. 1213; Hygin. Fab. 14, 271; Propert. i. 20, 6); or, according to others, a son of Heracles, Euphemus, or Ceyx (Schol. ad Theocrit. xiii. 7; Anton. Lib. 26). He was the favourite of Heracles, who, after having killed his father, Theiodamas, took him with him when he joined the expedition of the Argonauts (Apollon. Rhod. i. 131; Orph. Argon. 221). When the Argonauts landed on the coast of Mysia, Hylas went out to fetch water for Heracles; but when lie came to a well, his beauty excited the love of the Naiads, who drew him down into the water, and he was never seen again (Comp. Val. Flacc. iii. 545; Orph. Argon. 637; Theocrit. xiii. 45). Heracles himself endeavoured to trace him, and called out his name, but in vain; and the voice of Hylas was heard from the bottom of the well only like a faint echo, whence some say that he was actually metamorphosed into an echo. While Heracles was engaged in seeking his favourite, the Argonauts sailed away, leaving Heracles and his companion, Polyphemus, behind. He threatened to ravage the country of the Mysians unless they would find out where Hylas was, either dead or alive (Apollon. Rhod, i. 1344). Hence, says the poet, the inhabitants of Cios (Prusa) still continue to seek for Hylas: namely, the inhabitants of Prusa celebrated an annual festival to the divine youth Hylas, and on that occasion the people of the neighbourhood roamed over the mountains calling out the name of Hylas. It was undoubtedly this riotous ceremony that gave rise to the story about Hylas (Theocrit. xiii. 72; Strab. p. 564).

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited April 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Eponymous founders or settlers


And when Cius, who was also a companion of Heracles and with him on the voyage (of Argonauts), returned from Colchis, he stayed here and founded the city which was named after him.

Cios (Kios), a son of Olympus, from whom Cios (Prusa) on the Propontis derived its name, as he was believed to have led thither a band of colonists from Miletus (Schol. ad Theocrit. xiii. 30; ad Apollon. Rhod. i. 1177). Strabo (xii.) calls him a companion of Heracles who founded Cios on his return from Colchis.



There (in Mysia) they (Argonauts) left Hercules and Polyphemus. For Hylas, son of Thiodamas, a minion of Hercules, had been sent to draw water and was ravished away by nymphs on account of his beauty. But Polyphemus heard him cry out, and drawing his sword gave chase in the belief that he was being carried off by robbers. Falling in with Hercules, he told him; and while the two were seeking for Hylas, the ship put to sea. So Polyphemus founded a city Cius in Mysia and reigned as king; but Hercules returned to Argos. However Herodorus says that Hercules did not sail at all at that time, but served as a slave at the court of Omphale. But Pherecydes says that he was left behind at Aphetae in Thessaly, the Argo having declared with human voice that she could not bear his weight. Nevertheless Demaratus has recorded that Hercules sailed to Colchis; for Dionysius even affirms that he was the leader of the Argonauts.

Polyphemus. A son of Elatus or Poseidon and Hippea, was one of the Lapithae at Larissa in Thessaly. He was married to Laonome, a sister of Heracles, with whom he was connected by friendship. He was also one of the Argonauts, butt being left behind by them in Mysia, he founded Cios, and fell against the Chalybes. (Hom. Il. i. 264; Schol. ad Apolton. Rkod. i. 40, 1241, iv. 1470; Val. Flacc. i. 457; Apllod. i. 9. 16, 19.)

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