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Religious figures biography (7)

Saints

St. Cyrinus

d. 320, feastday: January 3


St. Emilian

d.c. 820, feastday: August 8


St. Fausta and Evilasius

d. 303, feastday: September 20


St. Myron, martyr of Cyzicus

d. 350, feastday: August 8 (Catholic). Martyred priest at Cyzicus on the Sea of Marmora, in modern Turkey. He was slain trying to protect his church from a pagan mob.


Writers

Demetrius Syncellus

Demetrius, metropolitan of Cysicus, and surnamed Syncellus. He is mentioned by Joannes Scylitza and Georgius Cedrenus in the introductions to their works, from which we may infer, that he lived about the middle of the eleventh century after Christ. He wrote an exposition of the heresy of the Jacobites and Chatzitzarians, which is printed with a Latin translation in Combefisius. (Auctarium Nov. ii. p. 261.) Another work on prohibited marriages is printed in Leunclavius. (Jus Graeco-Rom. iv. p. 392.) Some works of his are still extant in MS. in the libraries of Paris, Rome, and Milan.


Metropolitans

Amphilochius

Amphilochius (Amphilochios), metropolitan of Cyzicus in the middle of the ninth century, to whom Photius, the patriarch of Constantinople, wrote several letters, and whose answers are still extant in manuscript. (Fabric. Bibl. Graec. viii.)


Writers

Gelasius

Gelasius. Of Cyzicus, was the son of a presbyter of the church of Cyzicus, and it was while at home in his father's house that he met with an old volume written on parchment, containing a full account of what was said and done at the first council of Nice. From this record he derived considerable aid in arguing with the Eutychians during their ascendancy under the usurper Basiliscus, A. D. 475--477 ; and this induced him to collect further information respecting the Council, from Joannes, Eusebius of Caesareia, Rufinus, and others. He embodied the information thus collected in a work termed by Photius Praktikon tes Protes Sunodou en trisi tomois; The Acts of the First Council, in three parts ; but, as Photius remarks, it is as much entitled to the name of History as of Acts. The work is extant in the different editions of the Concilia ; but it has been suspected that the third part, or book, has been mutilated or corrupted by the earliest editors, in order to get rid of the testimony which (judging from the abstract of Photius) it afforded, that Constantine was not baptized at Rome by Pope Sylvester. The first book comprehends the history of Constantine to his victory over Licinius. The second comprehends the history of the Council; and contains some discussions between certain " philosophers," advocates of " the impious Arius and the blasphemies invented by him," and the "holy bishops" of the opposite party; which discussions Cave believes to be pure inventions either of Gelasius or of the author of the ancient manuscript which formed the basis of his work. The third book, as we now have it, contains only a few letters of the emperor Constantine. Baronius ascribes to Gelasius of Cyzicus a treatise against the Eutychians and Nestorians, of which he supposes the work De Duabus Naturis, which is commonly regarded as the original Latin work, and passes under the name of Pope Gelasius I., to be only a version. Baronius does not appear to have many supporters in this supposition. It may be observed that one manuscript used by Photius of the History of the Nicene Council was anonymous, but in another the work was inscribed " By Gelasius, bishop of Caesareia in Palestine." This inscription probably originated in a mistake. Photius could not find out who the author of the work was further than he had described himself in the preface, but says that there had been two, if not three, bishops of Caesareia of the name. (Phot. Bibl. Codd. 15, 88, 89; Labbe, Concilia, vol. ii. col. 103-286; Fabric. Bibl. Gr. vol. ix., vol. xii.; Cave, Hist. Litt. vol. i., ed. Ox. 1740-43; Baronius, Annal. ad Ann. 496, cap. v. &c.; Pagi, (Critice in Baron.)

This text is from: A dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology, 1873 (ed. William Smith). Cited Nov 2005 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


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