Halonnesus (Halonnesos: Eth. Halonnesios), an island in the Aegaean sea, lying off the southern extremity of the Magnesian coast in Thessaly. The possession of this island gave rise to a dispute between Philip and the Athenians in B.C. 343, and is the subject of an oration which is included among the works of Demosthenes, but which was ascribed, even by the ancients, to Hegesippus, who was the head of the embassy sent by the Athenians to Philip to demand restitution of Halonnesus. Halonnesus lies between Sciathus and Peparethus, and appears to be the same island as the one called Scopelus (Skopelos) by Ptolemy (iii. 13. § 47) and Hierocles (p. 643, Wessel.), which name the central one of these three islands still bears. Strabo (ix. p. 436) speaks of Sciathus, Halonnesus, and Peparethus without mentioning Scopelus; while in the lists of Ptolemy and Hierocles the names of Sciathus, Scopelus, and Peparethus occur without that of Halonnesus. Halonnesus is also mentioned by Pliny (iv. 12. s. 23), Mela (ii. 7), and Stephanus B. (s. v.); but they do not speak of Scopelus. The modern island of Skopelo is one of the most flourishing in the Aegaean, in consequence of its wines, which it exports in large quantities. (Leake, Norther Greece, vol. iii. p. 111, seq.; Fiedler, Reise durch Griechenland, vol. ii. p. 13, seq.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
ΙΚΟΣ (Αρχαία πόλη) ΑΛΟΝΝΗΣΟΣ
Icus (Ikos: Eth. Ikios), one of the group of islands off the coast of Magnesia in Thessaly, lay near Peparethus, and was colonised at the same time by the Cnossians of Crete. (Scymn. Chins, 582; Strab. ix. p. 436; Appian, B.C. v. 7.) The fleet of Attalus and the Rhodians sailed past Scyrus to Icus. (Liv. xxxi. 45.) Phanodemus wrote an account of this insignificant island. (Steph. B. s. v.) It is now called Sarakno. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iii. p. 312.)
ΑΛΟΝΝΗΣΟΣ (Νησί) ΒΟΡΕΙΟΙ ΣΠΟΡΑΔΕΣ
(Halonnesos), and Halonesus (Halonesos). An island of the Aegaean Sea, off the coast of Thessaly, and east of Sciathos and Peparethos, with a town of the same name upon it. The possession of this island occasioned great disputes between Philip and the Athenians: there is a speech on this subject among the extant orations of Demosthenes, but probably written by Hegesippus.
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