NIKOPOLIS (Ancient city) ARMENIA
Nicopolis (Nikopolis: Eth. Nikopolites), i. e. the City of Victory. A town in Cappadocia or Armenia Minor, founded by Pompey on the spot where he had gained his first decisive victory over Mithridates. (Strab. xii. p. 555; Appian, Mithrid. 101, 105 ; Dion Cass. xxxv. 33; Caes. Bell. Alex. 36; Plin. vi. 10.) It was situated in a valley of the river Lycus, a tributary of the Iris (Acta Martyr. tom. iii. Jul. p. 46), at a distance of 100 miles to the north-west of Satala, and 98 to the north-east of Sebastia. It was a populous town as early as the time of Strabo; but during the last period of the Empire it appears to have suffered much, and its decayed walls were restored by Justinian. (Procop. de Aed. iii. 4; comp. Ptol. v. 7. § 3; Itin. Ant. pp. 183, 207, 215; Hierocl. p. 703; Steph. B. s. v.). Most travellers and antiquaries are agreed, that Nicopolis is represented by the modern Turkish town of Devriki; but as this place is situated on a tributary of the Euphrates, the opinion is opposed to the statements of our authorities, especially the Acta Martyrum. Others are inclined to regard Kara-hissar, on the Lycus,as marking the site of Nicopolis; but still the routes indicated in the Itineraries are in favour of Devriki; whence D'Anville too identifies this place with Nicopolis, assuming that the error lies with the author of the Acta Martyrum, who expressly places Nicopolis on the river Lycus.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Founded by Pompey in 72 B.C., it was given by Antony in 36 B.C. to Polemon, and incorporated in the Empire in A.D. 64. It was the metropolis of Armenia Minor and had by the 3d c. become a colony with the ius Italicum. It was destroyed by earthquake in A.D. 499. A smaller circuit of walls of Justinianic date can be seen on the site built over a more widespread ruin field.
R. P. Harper, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains 13 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
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