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Listed 11 sub titles with search on: Information about the place for wider area of: "ACHARNES Suburb of Athens ATTICA, EAST" .


Information about the place (11)

General

DEKELIA (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Dekeleia

The ancient deme is identified by scholars as being within the grounds of the once royal estate and the surrounding area.


EFPYRIDES (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Eupyridae

The ancient deme was probably located to the west of Acharnae. According to others, it was located between Kalogreza and Psychiko.


PAMBOTADES (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Pambotades

Probably on mountain Parnitha (Pamphi area).


Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

ACHARNAI (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Acharnae

Acharnae, Acharnai: Eth. Acharneus, Acharnanus, Adj. Acharnikos. The principal demus of Attica, belonging to the tribe Oeneis, was situated 60 stadia N. of Athens, and consequently not far from the foot of Mt. Parnes. It was from the woods of this mountain that the Acharnians were enabled to carry on that traffic in charcoal for which they were noted among the Athenians. (Aristoph. Acharn. 332.) Their land was fertile ; their population was rough and warlike; and they furnished at the commencement of the Peloponnesian war 3000 hoplites, or a tenth of the whole infantry of the republic. They possessed sanctuaries or altars of Apollo Aguieus, of Heracles, of Athena Hygieia, of Athena Hippia, of Dionysus Melpomenus, and of Dionysus Cissus, so called, because the Acharnians said that the ivy first grew in this demus. One of the plays of Aristophanes bears the name of the Acharnians. Leake supposes that branch of the plain of Athens, which is included between the foot of the hills of Khassia and a projection of the range of Aegaleos, stretching eastward from the northern termination of that mountain, to have been the district of the demus Acharnae. The exact situation of the town has not yet been discovered. Some Hellenic remains, situated 3/4 of a mile to the westward of Menidhi, have generally been taken for those of Archarnae; but Menidhi is more probably a corruption of Paionidai.

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


DEKELIA (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Deceleia

Deceleia (Dekeleia) was situated near the entrance of the eastern pass across Mount Parnes,which leads from the north-eastern part of the Athenian plain to Oropus, and from thence both to Tanagra on the one hand, and to Delium and Chalcis on the other. It was originally one of the twelve cities of Attica. (Strab. ix. p. 397.) It was situated about 120 stadia from Athens, and the same distance from the frontiers of Boeotia: it was visible from Athens, and from its heights also might be seen the ships entering the harbour of Peiraeeus. (Thuc. vii. 19; Xen. Hell. i. 1. 25) It was by the pass of Deceleia that Mardonius retreated from Athens into Boeotia before the battle of Plataeae (Herod. ix. 15); and it was by the same road that the grain was carried from Euboea through Oropus into Attica. (Thuc. vii. 28.) In B.C. 413 Deceleia was occupied and fortified by the Lacedaemonians under Agis, who kept possession of the place till the end of the war; and from the command which they thus obtained of the Athenian plain, they prevented them from cultivating the neighbouring land, and compelled them to bring the corn from Euboea round Cape Sunium. (Thuc. ii. 27, 28.) The pass of Deceleia is now called the pass of Tatoy. Near the village of this name there is a peaked height, which is a conspicuous object from the Acropolis: the exact site of the demus is probably marked by a fountain, near which are many remains of antiquity. (Leake.)

This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


PEONIDES (Ancient demos) ATTIKI

Paeonidae

Paeonidae (Paionidai, Paus. ii. 18. ยง 9), apparently the same as the Paeonia (Paionie) of Herodotus (v. 62), who describes Leipsydrium as situated above Paeonia. It was perhaps on the site of the modern Menidhi, since we know that the modern Greeks frequently change p into m; thus Pentele is also pronounced Mentele.

This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities

ACHARNAI (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Acharnae

   The principal deme of Attica belonging to the tribe Oeneis, 60 stadia north of Athens, near the foot of Mt. Parnes. The land was fertile, and the population rough and warlike, furnishing at the commencement of the Peloponnesian War 3000 hoplites, or one-tenth of the whole infantry of the republic. The deme gives the name to one of the plays of Aristophanes (Acharneis), represented B.C. 425.

This text is cited Sep 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks


PARNITHA (Mountain) ATTIKI

Parnes

A mountain in the northeastern part of Attica, was a continuation of Mount Cithaeron, and formed part of the boundary between Boeotia and Attica. It was well wooded, abounded in game, and on its lower slopes produced excellent wine. On the summit were altars and a statue of Zeus.


Orevatein WebPages

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

ACHARNAI (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Acharnai

  In the first year of the Peloponnesian War, Archidamos encamped the Spartans at Acharnai, the largest of the Attic demes, 60 stades distant from Athens (Thuc. 2.19.2, 21.2). In 404-403 B.C. the army of the Thirty Tyrants also camped here in an action designed to guard against Thrasyboulos at Phyle (Diod. 14.32.6). From these two notices it is therefore clear that the deme was located S of Mt. Parnes in the general neighborhood of the modern villages of Menidi and Epano Liosia. That Acharnai was in fact either at, or near, the former can be plausibly argued from the number of inscriptions concerned with Acharnaians found in the churches and houses of Menidi.
  Proof of this identification, in the form of foundations of buildings, is entirely lacking today, though in the early 19th c. the remains "of a considerable town" could be observed 1 km to the W of Menidi beneath the hill on which is the church dedicated to the Forty Saints. Thus some scholars have felt free to look elsewhere for the inhabited center of Acharnai. Despite the claims made for a broad, fortified hill called Yerovouno, 2 km SW of Menidi, no compelling alternative has been advanced, and the weight of evidence still makes Menidi the best choice for the location of Acharnai. There is perhaps still hope that some remains from the Sanctuaries of Apollo Argyieus and Herakles, mentioned by Pausanias (1.31.6), may yet be discovered. As for Ares and Athena Areia, their temple may have been the one moved to the marketplace of Athens and there reinstalled in Augustan times.

C.W.J. Eliot, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains 5 image(s), bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


DEKELIA (Ancient demos) ACHARNES

Dekeleia

  One of the twelve cities that under Theseus gave up their autonomy to form a new state with Athens as capital (Philochoros: FGrHist 328 F 94), Dekeleia remained a deme in Classical times. It was situated 120 stades from Athens (Thuc. 7.19.2), on the road that led to Boiotia around the E end of Mt. Parnes (Hdt. 9.15). In the Peloponnesian War it was captured by Agis in 413 B.C., walled, and remained a Spartan stronghold until the defeat of Athens in 404 B.C.
   The city has long been associated with the ancient remains at Tatoi, on the SE slopes of Parnes, within the grounds of the once royal estate. From here, particularly in the area of the farm buildings, have come walls, pottery, sculpture, and inscriptions, one of which (IG II2 1237) is concerned with the phratry of the Demotionidai established at Dekeleia.
   Immediately S of the farm buildings is the wooded hill called Palaiokastro, its flat top now used as a cemetery for the Greek royal family. It was once a fortified enclosure, with a circuit totaling more than 800 m of rubble wall. Much of the foundation course remains in situ but is not generally accessible. Because of its location and size, this fortified height has been rightly identified as the site of Agis's camp.

C.W.J. Eliot, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Oct 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.


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