Munychia, (Mounuchia). A hill in the peninsula of Piraeus, which formed the citadel of the ports of Athens. It was strongly fortified, and is frequently mentioned in Athenian history. At its foot lay the harbour of Munychia, one of the three harbours in the peninsula of Piraeus, fortified by Themistocles. The names of these three harbours were Piraeus, Zea, and Munychia. The entrance to the harbour of Munychia was very narrow, and could be closed by a chain. The hill of Munychia contained several public buildings. Of these the most important were: (1) a temple of Artemis Munychia, in which persons accused of crimes against the State took refuge; (2) the Bendideum, the sanctuary of the Thracian Artemis Bendis, in whose honour the festival of the Bendidea was celebrated; (3) the theatre on the northwestern slope of the hill, in which the assemblies of the people were sometimes held.
This text is cited Sep 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
The port of Munychia
The port of Munychia is the smallest of the three main harbours of Piraeus, protected from NW by the hill of Munychia and was used as naval dockyard.
Both the hill and the harbour of Munychia were enclosed by the city walls, which in the same way as Cantharus and Zea, extended over two jetties and were reinforced at their end, at the mouth of the harbour, with two large rectangular towers, leaving an opening of 37m. (Fig.13). The basin of Munychia had an elliptical shape in antiquity and dimensions, 360m in length and 220m wide. (Traulos, 1972,p.450).
The two jetties (moles) were constructed, in their upper part, with the use of rectangular large stones of local porous limestone (aktetis) with a length of more than 3.30m which were held in position with the help of clamps sheathed with lead (Mazarakis-Ainian, Ph., 1992,p.81). The southwest mole had a length of 190m while the northeast mole extended over a length of 95 m to form a circular tower set on a square foundation 12m wide. In the middle of that distance a space of 1.70mx 18m was formed and contained a building (8.30mx 10.15m) with its entrance oriented to the sea and could be a small temple or an earlier form of a beacon (Mazarakis-Ainian, Ph., 1992,p.81), (Fig.14). A part of the eastern mole survives today in good condition (Eickstedt,K.V.Von, 1991, p.80).
This text is cited Aug 2005 from the R.G.Z.M. Roman-Germanic Central Museum URL below.
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