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Listed 7 sub titles with search on: Information about the place for wider area of: "FTHIOTIS Ancient country FTHIOTIDA" .

Information about the place (7)

Ancient cities non located

HELLAS (Ancient city) FTHIOTIS


It was located between the rivers Enipeus and Asopus and was the seat of Achilles, who, afterwards, named Hellas the whole country.

Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)

FTHIOTIS (Ancient country) FTHIOTIDA


  Phthiotis (Phthiotis), inhabited by the Achaean Phthiotae (Achaioi Phthiotai), under which name they are usually mentioned as members of the Amphictyonic league. This district, according to Strabo, included the southern part of Thessaly, extending from the Maliac gulf on the E. to Dolopia and Mount Pindus on the W., and stretching as far N. as Pharsalus and the Thessalian plains. (Strab. ix. p. 430.) Phthiotis derived its name from the Homeric Phthia (Phthie, Il. i. 155, ii. 683), which appears to have included in the heroic times not only Hellas and Dolopia, which is expressly called the furthest part of Phthia (Il. ix. 484), but also the southern portion of the Thessalian plain, since it is probable that Phthia was also the ancient name of Pharsalus. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 484, seq.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

MALIIS (Ancient area) FTHIOTIS


  Malis (he Malis ge; Melis Herod. vii. 198: Eth. Malieus Melieus), a small district of Greece, at the head of the Maliac gulf, surrounded on all sides by mountains, and open only in the direction of the sea. The river Spercheius flowed through it. The limits of Malis are fixed by the description of Herodotus. It extended a little north of the valley of the Spercheius to the narrowest part of the straits of Thermopylae. Anticyra was the northernmost town of the Malians (Herod. vii. 198); the boundary passed between Lamia and Anticyra. Anthela was their southern-most town (vii. 176, 200). Inland, the Anopaea, the path over Mount Oeta, by which the Persians turned the army of Leonidas, in part divided the territory of the Trachinian Malians from that of the Oetaeans (vii. 217). According to Stephanus B. (s. v. Malieus), the Malians derived their name from a town Malieus, not mentioned by any other ancient author, said to have been founded by Malus, the son of Amphictyon. The Malians were reckoned among the Thessalians; but although tributary to the latter, they were genuine Hellenes, and were from the earliest times members of the Amphicytonic council. They were probably Dorians, and were always in close connection with the acknowledged Doric states. Hercules, the great Doric hero, is represented as the friend of Ceyx of Trachis, and Mount Oeta was the scene of the hero's death. Diodorus (xii. 59) even speaks of Trachis as the mother-town of Lacedaemon. When the Trachinians were hard pressed by their Oetaean neighbours, about the commencement of the Peloponnesian War, they applied for assistance to the Spartans, who founded in consequence the colony of Heracleia near Trachis. (Thuc. iii. 92.)
  Scylax (p. 24), who is followed by Diodorus (xviii. 11), distinguishes between the Melieis and Malieis, the former extending along the northern coast of the Maliac gulf from Lamia to Echinus; but, as no other writer mentions these towns as belonging to the Lamians, we ought probably to read Damieis, as K. O. Muller observes. Thucydides mentions three divisions (mere) of the Malians, called Paralii (Paralioi), Priests (Hieres), and Trachinii (Trachinioi). Who the Priests were is a matter only of conjecture: Grote supposes that they may have been possessors of the sacred spot on which the Amphictyonic meetings were held; while Leake imagines that they were the inhabitants of the Sacred City (hieron hastu), to which, according to Callimachus (Hymn. in Del. 287), the Hyperborean offerings were sent from Dodona on their way to Delus, and that this Sacred City was the city Oeta mentioned by Stephanus B. The names of the Paralii and Trachinii sufficiently indicate their position. The Malians admitted every man to a share in the government, who either had served or was serving as a Hoplite (Aristot. Polit. iv. 10. ยง 10). In war they were chiefly famous as slingers and darters. (Thuc. iv. 100.)
  Trachis was the principal town of the Malians. There were also Anticyra and Anthela on the coast; and others, of which the names only are preserved, such as Colaceia (Theopom. ap. Athen. vi. p. 254, f.), Aegoneia (Lycophr. 903; Steph. B. s. v.), and Irus (Schol. in Lycophr. l. c.; Steph. B. s. v.). (Muller, Dorians, vol. i. p. 50; Grote, Greece, vol. ii. p. 378; Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. p. 20.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities

FTHIOTIS (Ancient country) FTHIOTIDA


A district in the southeast of Thessaly, bounded on the south by the Maliac Gulf, and on the east by the Pagasaean Gulf, and inhabited by Achaeans. Homer calls it Phthia, and mentions a city of the same name, which was celebrated as the residence of Achilles. Hence, the poets call Achilles Phthius heros, and his father Peleus Phthius rex.

Perseus Project

HELLAS (Ancient city) FTHIOTIS


Perseus Project index

FTHIOTIS (Ancient country) FTHIOTIDA

Present location

EGONIA (Ancient city) FTHIOTIS

It is located in Malia, Thessaly.

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