A district in the southeast of Thessaly, bounded on the south by the Maliac Gulf, and on the east by the Pagasaean Gulf, and inhabited by Achaeans. Homer calls it Phthia, and mentions a city of the same name, which was celebrated as the residence of Achilles. Hence, the poets call Achilles Phthius heros, and his father Peleus Phthius rex.
Phthiotis (Phthiotis), inhabited by the Achaean Phthiotae (Achaioi Phthiotai), under which name they are usually mentioned as members of the Amphictyonic league. This district, according to Strabo, included the southern part of Thessaly, extending from the Maliac gulf on the E. to Dolopia and Mount Pindus on the W., and stretching as far N. as Pharsalus and the Thessalian plains. (Strab. ix. p. 430.) Phthiotis derived its name from the Homeric Phthia (Phthie, Il. i. 155, ii. 683), which appears to have included in the heroic times not only Hellas and Dolopia, which is expressly called the furthest part of Phthia (Il. ix. 484), but also the southern portion of the Thessalian plain, since it is probable that Phthia was also the ancient name of Pharsalus. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. iv. p. 484, seq.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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