Information about the place PARAPOTAMII (Ancient city) CHERONIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities


(Parapotamioi). A town of Phocis, on the left bank of the river Cephissus. It was destroyed by Xerxes in the Persian War, but later rebuilt, only to be again destroyed in the Sacred War

Perseus Project

Parapotamious, Parapotamioi

  Parapotamioi appears in Pausanias' list of the Phokian League, but the city had never recovered from its destruction by the Amphiktyons in the Phokian war. Parapotamion men de oute ereipia eti en, oute entha tes choras oikisthe he polis mnemoneuousin (10. 33. 8). The more careful modern periegetai have improved upon this. The site has been identified in the narrow strait, between Mounts Philoboiotos and Hadyleion, through which the Kephisos passes from the plain of Elateia to the plain of Chaironeia (Leake ii. 97, Bursian i. 164, Frazer v. 418). The order in which Hdt. names Hyampolis, Parapotamioi and Abai is not geographical in either direction. Abai is probably placed last, because there is a note to add to the name. [p. 404] Hyampolis and Parapotamioi are then in the order in which they would have been visited by a force coming from Opus.

Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)


  Parapotamioi, Parapotamia, Eth. Parapotamios. A town of Phocis on the left bank of the Cephissus (whence its name), and near the frontier of Boeotia. Its position is described in a passage of Theopompus, preserved by Strabo, who says that it stood at a distance of 40 stadia from Chaeroneia, in the entrance from Boeotia into Phocis, on a height of moderate elevation, situated between Parnassus and Mount Hedylium; he adds that these two mountains were separated from each other by an interval of 5 stadia, through which the Cephissus flowed. (Strab. ix. p. 424.) Parapotamii was destroyed by Xerxes (Herod. viii. 33), and again a second time by Philip at the conclusion of the Sacred War. (Pans. x. 3. ยง 1.) It was never rebuilt. Plutarch in his life of Sulla (c. 16) speaks of the acropolis of the deserted city, which he describes as a stony height surrounded with a precipice and separated from Mt. Hedylium only by the river Assus. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. ii. pp. 97, 195.)

This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks

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