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Information about the place (9)
The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites
The island is one of the Anatolian Sporades group, W of Samos. According
to legend the name of the island derives from the fall of Ikaros, son of Daidalos,
who plunged to earth there after his fatal flight. According to Pausanias (9.11.5)
his tomb was on the island. Archaeological remains are extensive near the modern
village of Kalpos, and have been identified with ancient Oinoe; fragments of inscriptions
and funerary reliefs have been reused in the walls. Remains of walls have been
discovered on the hill of Ag. Irini, and the remnants of a Byzantine church lie
over the foundation of an ancient basilica. Perhaps the ancient city was on the
sea, as a necropolis of the 5th and 4th c. B.C. extends S from the coast. At Raches
a Greek necropolis of the same date has been discovered. At Nas, on the W coast,
there was perhaps a small port. Walls there date from the Classical period, and
foundations of two small buildings and one larger one have been discovered. The
material found includes fragments of Greek-Oriental ceramics which indicate that
the area was frequented from the 7th to 5th c. B.C. Marble pieces, statuettes,
and inscriptions on ceramic fragments indicate that they belong to the Sanctuary
of Artemis Tauropolos, recorded in the sources.
In the ancient center of Thermai there are remains of bath buildings.
Kataphygion, the ancient acropolis, occupied the summit of a mountain, not precisely
located, which was called Kastro and which dominated the coast and the sea. Near
the modern village of Kataphygion a necropolis has been excavated, containing
tombs dating from the beginning of the 5th c. on.
G. Bermond Montanari, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites,
Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from
Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
Non-profit organizations WebPages
One of the Sporades
Islands, west of Samos.
The name of the island and of the nearby sea along the coast of Samos,
called the Icarian Sea, come
from that of Icarus, the son of Daedalus. After king Minos had jailed Icarus and
his father in the Labyrinth at Cnossus
Daedalus had built him to lock up the Minotaur, because of the help Daedalus had
offered Ariadne and Theseus to help them kill the Minotaur and fle,Daedalus devised
artificial wings for his son and him and glued them to their bodies with wax.
Father and son could then fly out of the Labyrinth, but then, Icarus flew too
close to the sun, so that the wax melted, he lost his wings and fell into precisely
that part of the Aegean Sea
that later took his name.
In another tradition, wings are replaced by sails that Daedalus would
have invented then: in that version father and son fled Crete
each on a sailboat, but Icarus drowned either because he could not hold his boat
or when landing on the island of Icaria and jumping from the boat. Still another
tradition offers a different version of Icarus' death, that again puts it in relation
with the island of Icaria: Daedalus and his son had been banished from Athens
after Daedalus, having become jealous of his nephew and too bright to his taste
disciple Talus, had killed him. Daedalus was banished first and seeked refuge
at the court of Minos in Crete.
When later Icarus was in turn banished, he set out to find his father, but perished
in the wreck of his ship near the island of Samos.
His body was then cast up by the sea on the shore of Icaria where Heracles gave
him a decent burial.
Bernard Suzanne (page last updated 1998), ed.
This text is cited July 2003 from the Plato and his dialogues URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks.
Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
An island of the Aegean, near Samos, west from Ampelos, the western promontory of the latter. Mythology derived the name of this island from Icarus, son of Daedalus, whose body was washed upon its shores after the unfortunate termination of his flight. The modern name is Nicaria.
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Icaria, Ikaria, Ikarian, Icarian, Nicaria
- Icaria, Ikaria, Nikaria: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
- Icarian: Perseus Lookup Tool, text search
- Icaria: Perseus Lookup Tool
Commercial WebSites - Notable
Ikaria Island, The Online Guide
Ikarian nature & environment
- Ikaria Provincial Government WebPage
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Icarus, Icaria (Ikaros, Ikaria: Nikaria) an island of the Aegean,
to the west of Samos, according to Strabo (x. p. 480, xiv. 639), 80 stadia from
Cape Ampelos, while Pliny (v. 23) makes the distance 35 miles. The island is in
reality a continuation of the range of hills traversing Samos from east to west,
whence it is long and narrow, and extends from NE. to SW. Its length, according
to Pliny, is 17 miles, and its circumference, according to Strabo, 300 stadia.
The island, which gave its name to the whole of the surrounding sea (Icariumn
Mare or Pelagus), derived its own name, according to tradition, from Icarus, the
son of Daedalus, who was believed to have fallen into the sea near this island.
(Ov. Met. viii. 195, foll.) The cape forming the easternmost point of the island
was called Drepanume or Dracanum (Strab. xiv. pp. 637, 639; Horn. Hymn. xxxiv.
1; Diod. Sic. iii. 66; Plin. iv. 23; Steph. B. s. v. Drakonon), and near it was
a small town of the same name. Further west, on the north coast, was the small
town of Isti (Istoi), with a tolerably good roadstead; to the south of this was
another little place, called Oenoe (Oinoe, Strab. l. c.; Athen. i. p. 30.) According
to some traditions, Dionysus was born on Cape Draconum (Theocrit. Idyll. xxvi.
33), and Artemis had a temple near Isti, called Tauropolion. The island had received
its first colonists from Miletus (Strab. xiv. p. 635); but in the time of Strabo
it belonged to the Samians: it had then but few inhabitants, and was mainly used
by the Samians as pasture land for their flocks. (Strab. x. pp. 488, xiv. p. 639;
Scylax, pp. 22; Aeschyl. Pers. 887; Thucyd. iii. 92, viii. 99; Ptol. v. 2. § 30;
P. Mela, ii. 7.) Modern writers derive the name of Icaria from the Ionic word
kara, a pasture (Hesych. s. v. Kar), according to which it would mean the pasture
land. In earlier times it is said to have been called Doliche (Plin. l. c.; Callim.
Hymn. in Dian. 187), Macris (Plin, l. c.; Eustath. ad Dionys. Per. 530; Liv. xxvii.
13), and Ichthyoessa (Plin. l. c.). Respecting the present condition of the island,
see Tournefort, Voyage due Levant, ii. lett. 9. p. 94; and Ross, Reisen auf den
Griech. Inseln, vol. ii. p. 164, fol.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)