A town near the promontory of Taenarus; its previous name was Taenarum.
A titular see in Greece,
suffragan of Corinth.
Taenarum, or Taenarus, was situated five English miles north of Cape Taenarum, now Cape Matapan. It contained a temple of Demeter, also one of Aphrodite.
It is today the village of Kyparrisos. After their freedom from the Spartan yoke, the maritime Laconians formed a confederation, and founded a capital, called Caenepolis, i. e. new town. From inscriptions we learn that this new city was really Taenarum, which still preserved its old name. However, there may have been two distinct cities, in close proximity.
S. Petrides, ed.
Transcribed by: Douglas J. Potter
This extract is cited June 2003 from The Catholic Encyclopedia, New Advent online edition URL below.
At the distance of 40 stadia, or 5 English miles, north of the isthmus of the Taenarian peninsula, was the town Taenabum or Taenaus, subsequently called Caenepolis (Kainepolis, Paus. iii. 25. § 9; Kaine, Ptol. iii. 16. § 9; Plin. iv. 15. s. 16; Steph. B. s. v. Tainaros; the same town is probably mentioned by Strab. viii. p. 360, under the corrupt form Kinaidion.) It contained a temple of Demeter and another of Aphrodite, the latter near the sea. The modern village of Kyparisso stands on the site of this town. Some ancient remains and inscriptions of the time of the Antonines and their successors have been found here. On the door-posts of a small ruined church are two inscribed quadrangular stelai, decorated with mouldings above and below. One of the inscriptions is a decree of the Taenarii, and the other is by the community of the Eleuthero-Lacones (to koinon ton Eleutherolakonon). We have the testimony of Pausanias (iii. 21. § 7) that Caenepolis was one of the Eleuthero-Laconian cities; and it would appear from the above-mentioned inscription that the maritime Laconians, when they were delivered from the Spartan yoke, formed a confederation and founded as their capital a city in the neighbourhood of the revered sanctuary of Poseidon. The place was called the New Town (Caenepolis); but, as we learn from the inscriptions, it continued to be also called by its ancient name.
This extract is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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