ALAGONIA (Ancient city) AVIA
A town of Laconia near the Messenian frontier, belonging to the Eleuthero-Lacones, containing temples of Dionysus and Artemis. This town was distant 30 stadia from Gerenia, but its site is unknown.
Alagonia is considered to be the extensive mountainous area in the west part of the mountain range of Taygetos, on the borders between the provinces of Messinia and Lakonia and includes the villages of Alagonia, Artemisia, Ladas, Karveli, Nedousa and Piges which were named Pisinohoria during the turkish rule. It got its name from the ancient city Alagonia which belonged to the Eleftherolakones (=free Lakones) in Mani. at Artemisia and in the area of Volimos there was the famous Temple of Limnatidos Artemidos where the incident between Messinian men and the women from ancient Sparta took place in the early 8th century B.C. and caused the Peloponnesean wars(740-460 B.C). During the Roman era, it had become a part of the «Public of the Freelakones».
This extract is cited Oct 2002 from the Messenia Prefecture Tourism Promotion Commission URL below.
It is suggested that the ancient city is located near the Anatoliko village.
A site occupied in mediaeval times by the fortress of Zarnata, S of the modern town of Kambos on the Mani peninsula. Pausanias (3.26.11) lists it among the Free Lakonian cities and mentions Sanctuaries of Dionysos and Artemis. There are traces of polygonal masonry in the facade of the fortress.
M. H. Mc Allister, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Oct 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
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