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for destination: "ITHOMI
Information about the place (2)
Ancient authors' reports
Pausanias claims that it is the Messenian Ithome that Homer includes in the List of Ships (Paus. 4,9,2). The truth is, however, that the Ithome mentioned by Homer must be a town in Thessaly, since it is mentioned along with other Thessalic towns (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 3, p.57, note 1).
Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
Ithome. A fortress of Messenia, on a mountain of the same name. It was celebrated
for the long and obstinate defence (ten years) which the Messenians there made
in their last revolt against the Spartans. The mountain was said to have derived
its name from Ithome, one of the nymphs that nourished Zeus. On the summit was
the altar of Zeus Ithometes, to whom the mountain was especially dedicated. Strabo
compares the Messenian Acropolis to the Acrocorinthus, being situated, like that
citadel, on a lofty and steep mountain, enclosed by fortified lines which connected
it with the town. Hence these were justly deemed the two strongest places in the
Peloponnesus. When Philip, the son of Demetrius, was planning the conquest of
the peninsula with Demetrius of Pharos, the latter advised him to seize first
the horns of the heifer, which would secure to him possession of the animal. By
these enigmatical expressions he designated the Peloponnesus and the two strongholds
above mentioned. Remains of the ancient fortress still exist, the towers being
magnificent specimens of military architecture and engineering.
This text is cited Sep 2002 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
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