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Information about the place (7)
Educational institutions WebPages
(following URL information only in Greek)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Dor. Mesambria: Eth. Mesembrianos. An important Greek city in Thrace,
situated on the coast of the Euxine and at the foot of Mt. Haemus (Scymn. Ch.
738); consequently upon the confines of Moesia, in which it is placed by Ptolemy
(iii. 10. § 8). Strabo (vii. p. 319) relates that it was a colony of the Megarians,
and that it was originally called Menebria (Menebria) after its founder Menas
; Stephanus B. (s. v.) says that its original name was Melsembria (Melsembria),
from its founder Melsas; and both writers state that the termination -bria was
the Thracian word for town. According to the Anonymous Periplus of the Euxine
Mesembria was founded by Chalcedonians at the time of the expedition of Darius
against Scythia; but according to Herodotus (vi. 33) it was founded a little later,
after the suppression of the Ionic revolt, by Byzantine and Chalcedonian fugitives.
These statements may, however, be reconciled by supposing that the Thracian. town
was originally colonized by Megarians, and afterwards received additional colonists
from Byzantiurn and Chalcedon. Mesembria was one of the cities, forming the Greek
Pentapolis on the Euxine, the other four being Odessus, Tomi, Istriani and Apolloniatae.
Mesembria is rarely mentioned in history, but it continued to exist till a late
period. (Mela, ii. 2; Plin. iv. 11. s. 18 ; Ptol. I. c.; Tab. Peut.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)
Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities
A celebrated town of Thrace on the Pontus Euxinus, and at the foot of Mount Haemus, founded by the inhabitants of Chalcedon and Byzantium in the time of Darius Hystaspis, and hence called a colony of Megara, since those two towns were founded by the Megarians.
- Perseus: Harry Thurston Peck, Harpers Dictionary of Classical Antiquities (1898)
Local government WebPages
Twelve kilometers to the west from Alexandroupolis you can find Makre with its graphic little harbor that is located in an area called Platanos. Close to the beach is a natural wodge with a hillock on its top. Inside the rock is a cave that is known to the local people as the cave of the cyclope, which is presenting tracks and findings from the prehistoric until the Byzantine ages. Around the cave you can see chiseled stairs and other manufacturing. The excavation that is performed the last few years on the hillock, have brought to the light a very unique Neolithic settlement (4500- 3000 BC) which is considered as one of the most important in the Balkans. It is a marvelous resort, where every visitor can experience
This extract is cited Sept 2003 from the Development Company of Alexandroupolis URL below, which contains images.
Mesambrea or Zone
The excavation of this area showed us that originally on this position used to be an early iron-age settlement that was inhabited by Thracians. At the end of the 7th BC century settlers from Samothraki founded a town that was called Parea. The new settlers lived in harmony with the Thracians till the 1st AC century, where the area was abandoned.
- Development Company of Alexandroupolis web page
Perseus Project index
The archaeological site is located on the mouth of the stream, which was formerly called Sapli-Dere. In the area, there is a valley bounded by Ismaros and the country of Maronia to the W, by Mt. Zonaia to the E and by the "Korpiles Strait" to the N.
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