(Pteleon). An ancient seaport town of Thessaly in the district Phthiotis, at the southwestern extremity of the Sinus Pagasaeus, was destroyed by the Romans.
Pteleon Eth. Pteleates, Pteleousios, Pteleeus. A town of Thessaly, on the south-western side of Phthiotis, and near the entrance of the Sinus Pagasaeus. It stood between Antron and Halos, and was distant from the latter 110 stadia, according to Artemidorus. (Strab. ix. p. 433.) It is mentioned by Homer as governed by Protesilaus, to whom the neighbouring town of Antron also belonged. (Il. ii. 697.) In B.C. 192, Antiochus landed at Pteleum in order to carry on the war against the Romans in Greece (Liv. xxxv. 43). In B.C. 171, the town, having been deserted by its inhabitants, was destroyed by the consul Licinius. (Liv. xlii. 67.) It seems never to have recovered from this destruction, as Pliny speaks of Pteleum only as a forest ( nemus Pteleon, Plin. iv. 8. s. 15). The form Pteleos is used by Lucan (vi. 352) and Mela (ii. 3). Pteleum stood near the modern village of Pteleo, or Ftelio, upon a peaked hill crowned by the remains of a town and castle of the middle ages, called Old Ftelio. On its side is a large marsh, which, as Leake observes, was probably in the more flourishing ages of Greece a rich and productive meadow, and hence the epithet of lechepoien, which Homer has applied to Pteleum. (Leake, Northern Greece, vol. i.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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