Peparethos, Eth. Peparethios. An island in the Aegaean sea, lying
off the coast of Thessaly, to the east of Halonnesus. Pliny describes it as 9
miles in circuit, and says that it was formerly called Evoenus (iv. 12. s. 23).
It was said to have been colonised by some Cretans under the command of Staphylus.
(Scymn. Ch. 579; Hom. Hymn. Apoll. 32.) Peparethus was an island of some importance,
as appears from its frequent mention in history, and from its possessing three
towns (tripolis, Scylax, p. 23), one of which bore the same name as the island.
(Strab. ix. p. 436.) The town suffered from an earthquake in the Peloponnesian
War, B.C. 426. (Thuc. iii. 89.) It was attacked by Alexander of Pherae (Diod.
xv. 95), and the island was laid waste by Philip, because the inhabitants, at
the instigation of the Athenians, had taken; possession of Halonnesus. (Dem. de
Cor. p. 248, Epist. Phil. p. 162.) In B.C. 207, Philip sent a garrison to the
city of Peparethus, to defend it against the Romans (Liv. xxviii. 5); but he destroyed
it in B.C. 200, that it might not fall into the hands of the latter. (Liv. xxxi.
28.) Peparethus; was celebrated in antiquity for its wine (Athen. i, p. 29; Heracl.
Pont. Fragm. 13; Plin. xiv. 7. s. 9) and oil. (Ov. Met. vii. 470) Diodes, the
earliest Greek historian who wrote upon the foundation of Rome, was a native of
Peparethus. Peparethus is now called Khilidhromia, and still produces wine, which
finds a good market on the mainland.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
- Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD)