In the hills of Caria above Halikarnassos. One of the eight Lelegian
towns mentioned by Strabo (611; ef. Plin., HN 5.107). The Pedasans offered strong
resistance to the Persian Harpagos ca. 544 B.C. (Hdt. 1.175), and shortly after
499 another Persian army was ambushed and destroyed by the Carians near Pedasa
(Hdt. 5.121). In the Delian Confederacy Pedasa paid two talents at first, reduced
to one talent in the second period, but nothing thereafter. (It is, however, disputed
whether another Pedasa may be meant; see next entry). The town was incorporated
by Mausolos into his enlarged Halikarnassos (Strab. l.c.), but continued to be
occupied as a garrison post in Hellenistic times. It was perhaps occupied for
a time by Philip V during his Carian campaign (Polyb. 18.44).
The site is assured by Herodotos' description of it as above Halikarnassos, and by the survival of the name at the neighboring village of Bitez. It comprises a walled citadel with a keep at its E end and an outer enclosure below on the S. The citadel wall is of irregular masonry, something over 1.5 m thick, and has a gate on the W. The keep is approached on the W by a ramp which is flanked by a tower in coursed masonry; in a corner of the tower is a staircase.
In a hollow below the site on the SW are remains which seem to be those of the Temple of Athena, as implied by an inscription found close by (CIG 2660). On the slopes to the SE are numerous chamber tumuli, comprising a vaulted chamber and dromos enclosed by a circuit wall and surmounted by a pile of loose stones; these have produced pottery of early Archaic date.
G. E. Bean, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Nov 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
A small town of Mysia opposite the island of Lesbos, which suffered severely in the war of the Romans with Mithridates. It is mentioned in the New Test.
(Lurnessos). A town in the Troad, the birthplace of Briseis, and often mentioned by Homer
Adramyteum (Adramuttion, Adramutteion, Atramutteion: Eth. Adramuttenos, Adramyttenus: Adramiti or Edremit). A town situated at the head of the bay, called from it Adramyttenus, and on the river Caicus, in Mysia, and on the road from the Hellespontus to Pergamum. According to tradition it was founded by Adramys, a brother of Croesus, king of Lydia; but a colony of Athenians is said to have subsequently settled there. (Strab. p. 606.) The place certainly became a Greek town. Thucydides (v. 1; viii. 108) also mentions a settlement here from Delos, made by the Delians whom the Athenians removed from the island B.C. 422. After the establishment of the dynasty of the kings of Pergamum, it was a seaport of some note; and that it had some shipping, appears from a passage in the Acts of the Apostles (xxvii. 2). Under the Romans it was a Conventus Juridicus in the province of Asia, or place to which the inhabitants of the district resorted as the court town. There are no traces of ancient remains.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited June 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
Lyrnessus (Lurnessos: Eth. Lurnessios or Lurnaios, Aeschyl. Pers.
1. A town often mentioned by Homer (Il. ii. 690, xix. 60, xx. 92, 191), and described by Stephanus B. (s. v.) as one of the eleven towns in Troas; and Strabo (iii. p. 612) mentions that it was situated in the territory of Thebe, but that afterwards it belonged to Adramyttium. Pliny (v. 32) places it on the river Evenus, near its sources. It was, like Thebe, a deserted place as early as the time of Strabo. (Comp. Strab. xiii. p. 584; Diod. v. 49.) About 4 miles from Karavaren, Sir C. Fellows (Journ. of an Exc. in Asia Minor, p. 39) found several columns and old walls of good masonry; which he is inclined to regard as remnants of the ancient Lyrnessus.
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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