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PARION (Ancient city) TURKEY
Parium (Parion: Eth. Parianos), a coast-town of Mysia, on the Hellespont, on the west of Priapus, in the district called Adrasteia, from an ancient town which once existed in it (Strab. xiii. p. 588). Pliny, (v. 40) is mistaken in stating that Homer applied the name of Adrasteia to Parium, and the only truth that seems to lie at the bottom of his assertion is that a town Adrasteia did at one time exist between Priapus and Parium, and that on the destruction of Adrasteia all the building materials were transferred to Parium. According to Strabo, Pariumt was a colony of Milesians, Erythraeans, and Parians ; while Pausanias (ix. 27. § 1) calls it simply a colony of Erythrae. According to the common traditions, it had received its name from Parius, a son of Jason. (Eustath. ad Hom. Od. v. 125, ad Dion. Per. 517; Steph. B. s. v.)
The harbour of Parium was larger and better than that of the neighbouring Priapus; whence the latter place decayed, while the prosperity of the former increased. In the time of Augustus, Parium became a Roman colony, as is attested by coins and inscriptions. It contained an altar constructed of the stones of an oracular temple at Adrasteia which had been removed to Parium; and this altar, the work of Hermocreon, is described as very remarkable on account of its size and beauty. Strabo and Pliny (vii, 2) mention, as a curiosity, that there existed at Parium a family called the Ophiogenes (Ophiogeneis), the members of which, like the Libyan Psylli, had it in their power to cure the bite of a snake by merely touching the person that had been bitten. Parium is also mentioned in Herod. v. 117; Xenoph. Anab. vii. 2. § 7, 3. § 16; Ptol. v. 2. § 2; Appian, Mithrid. 76; Mela, i. 19; Polyaen. vi. 24. The present town occupying the site of Parium bears the name of Kemer or Kamares, and contains a few ancient remains. The walls fronting the sea still remain, and are built of large square blocks of marble, without mortar. There are also ruins of an aqueduct, reservoirs for water, and the fallen architraves of a portico. The modern name Kamares seems to be derived from some ancient subterraneous buildings (kamarai) which still exist in the place. (Walpole, Turkey, p. 88; Sestini, Num. Vet. p. 73.)
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited August 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
A city of Mysia, on the Propontis, founded by a colony from Miletus, Paros, and Erythrae. It was known for its local worship of Apollo, Dionysus, and Eros. Under Augustus it was made a Roman colony.
A port of great strategic importance on the Hellespont between Lampsakos
and Priapos. The city may have been founded by Parion, son of Jason, chief of
the settlers of Erythrai; or by the mythic Parilarians, together with colonists
from Erythrai and Miletos.
Parion enjoyed enviable prosperity because of its port; and once the kingdom of Pergamon was established, it came under the control of the Attalid dynasty. It passed to the Romans in 133 B.C. under the testament of Attalos III, and under Augustus must have been a flourishing center as the numerous coins coming from Parion designate the city Colonia Pariana Iulia Augusta. Strabo (Geogr. 13.588) records a colossal altar constructed at Parion by Hermokreon; and we know that prior to 354 B.C. the sculptor Praxiteles executed a statue of Eros there.
N. Bonacasa, ed.
This text is from: The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites, Princeton University Press 1976. Cited Sep 2002 from Perseus Project URL below, which contains bibliography & interesting hyperlinks.
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