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Information about the place (2)
Greek & Roman Geography (ed. William Smith)
Tanais (Tanais, Ptol. iii. 5. § 26, viii. 18. § 5), a town of Asiatic
Sarmatia, lying on the more southern mouth and between both mouths of the river
of the same name. It may also be described as situated at the northernmost point
of the Palus Maeotis, and not far from the sea. It was a flourishing colony of
the Milesians, enjoying an extensive commerce, and being the principal market
of the surrounding tribes, both of Europe and Asia, who here bartered slaves and
skins for the wine, apparel, and other articles of more civilised nations. (Strab.
xi. p. 493.) The inhabitants soon reduced a considerable part of the neighbouring
coasts to subjection, but were in turn themselves subdued by the kings of the
Bosporus (Id. vii. p. 310, xi. p. 495). An attempt to regain their independence
only ended in the destruction of their city by Polemon I. (Id. p. 493), a little
before the time when Strabo wrote. Pliny (vi. 7. s. 7) speaks of Tanais as no
longer existing in his time; but it appears to have been subsequently restored
(Ptol. ll. cc.; Steph. B. p. 633), though it never recovered its former prosperity.
Clarke (i. p. 415) could discover no trace of it, nor even a probable site; but
its ruins are said to exist near the modern Nedrigoska (cf. Grafe, Mem. de l'Ac.
des Sc. a St. Petersb. vi. Ser. vi. p. 24; Stempowsky, Nouv. Jour. Asiat. i. p.
55; Bockh. Inscr. ii. p. 1008).
This text is from: Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography (1854) (ed. William Smith, LLD). Cited September 2004 from The Perseus Project URL below, which contains interesting hyperlinks
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