Monuments reported by ancient authors AKREFNION (Ancient city) THIVES - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 4 sub titles with search on: Monuments reported by ancient authors for destination: "AKREFNION Ancient city THIVES".


Monuments reported by ancient authors (4)

Ancient temples

Temple of Dionysus

The town lies on Mount Ptous, and there are here a temple and image of Dionysus that are worth seeing.

Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary of Ptoan Apollo

It was located at a distance of fifteen stades away from the city (Paus. 9,23,5).

Ancient oracles

Acraephnium Oracle

Before the expedition of the Macedonians under Alexander, in which Thebes was destroyed, there was here an oracle that never lied. Once too a mail of Europus, of the name of Mys, who was sent by Mardonius, inquired of the god in his own language, and the god too gave a response, not in Greek but in the Carian speech.

Oracle of Mount Ptoon, near Acraephia, in the territory of Thebes. Mythology affirmed that Tenerus, son of Apollo and Melia, was the first prophet here (Strabo, ix. p. 412). More interesting is it to know, on the same authority, that Pindar sang of this oracle. When Mys the Carian was sent by Mardonius to consult it, at the time of the Persian wars, the prophet answered him in the Carian language, so that the Thebans who accompanied him could not write down the reply, and Mys was obliged to do this himself (Herod. viii. 135). This oracle also was consulted by the Thebans before Leuctra (Pausan. iv. 32, § 5), but was destroyed in the general ruin of the Theban territory by Alexander (Pausan. ix. 23, § 3). In the time of Plutarch the whole district was desolate (Plut. Defect. Orac. 8).

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