Monuments reported by ancient authors LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA - GTP - Greek Travel Pages

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Listed 14 sub titles with search on: Monuments reported by ancient authors  for wider area of: "LEVIDI Small town MANTINIA" .


Monuments reported by ancient authors (14)

Ancient sacred caves

Rhea's cave

MENALON (Mountain) LEVIDI
On the summit of the mountain is Rhea's Cave, into which no human beings may enter save only the women who are sacred to the goddess.

Ancient sanctuaries

Sanctuary of Poseidon

KAFYES (Ancient city) LEVIDI
The Caphyatans have a sanctuary of the god Poseidon.

Sanctuary of Artemis Cnacalesia

The Caphyatans have a sanctuary of the god Poseidon, and one of the goddess Artemis, surnamed Cnacalesia.

Sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia

LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA
In the territory of Orchomenus, on the left of the road from Anchisiae, there is on the slope of the mountain the sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia. The Mantineans, too, share it . . . a priestess also and a priest. It is the custom for these to live their whole lives in purity, not only sexual but in all respects, and they neither wash nor spend their lives as do ordinary people, nor do they enter the home of a private man. They also hold an annual festival in honor of Artemis Hymnia. At that (the old) time the office of priestess to the goddess was still always held by a girl who was a virgin. The maiden persisted in resisting the advances of Aristocrates, but at last, when she had taken refuge in the sanctuary, she was outraged by him near the image of Artemis. When the crime came to be generally known, the Arcadians stoned the culprit.

Sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia

ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI
In the territory of Orchomenus, on the left of the road from Anchisiae, there is on the slope of the mountain the sanctuary of Artemis Hymnia.

Sanctuary of Poseidon

Worth seeing here is a spring, from which they draw water, and there are sanctuaries of Poseidon and of Aphrodite, the images being of stone.

Sanctuary of Aphrodite

Worth seeing here is a spring, from which they draw water, and there are sanctuaries of Poseidon and of Aphrodite, the images being of stone.

Ancient statues

Wooden image of Artemis Cedreatis

Near the city is a wooden image of Artemis. It is set in a large cedar tree, and after the tree they call the goddess the Lady of the Cedar.

Ancient temples

Temple of Artemis the Strangled Lady

KONDYLEA (Ancient location) LEVIDI
About a stade distant from Caphyae is a place called Condylea, where there are a grove and a temple of Artemis called of old Condyleatis. They say that the name of the goddess was changed for the following reason. Some children, the number of whom is not recorded, while playing about the sanctuary found a rope, and tying it round the neck of the image said that Artemis was being strangled. The Caphyans, detecting what the children had done, stoned them to death. When they had done this, a malady befell their women, whose babies were stillborn, until the Pythian priestess bade them bury the children, and sacrifice to them every year as sacrifice is made to heroes, because they had been wrongly put to death. The Caphyans still obey this oracle, and call the goddess at Condyleae, as they say the oracle also bade them, the Strangled Lady from that day to this.About a stade distant from Caphyae is a place called Condylea, where there are a grove and a temple of Artemis called of old Condyleatis. They say that the name of the goddess was changed for the following reason. Some children, the number of whom is not recorded, while playing about the sanctuary found a rope, and tying it round the neck of the image said that Artemis was being strangled. The Caphyans, detecting what the children had done, stoned them to death. When they had done this, a malady befell their women, whose babies were stillborn, until the Pythian priestess bade them bury the children, and sacrifice to them every year as sacrifice is made to heroes, because they had been wrongly put to death. The Caphyans still obey this oracle, and call the goddess at Condyleae, as they say the oracle also bade them, the Strangled Lady from that day to this.

This extract is from: Pausanias Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Harvard University Press
Cited Sept 2002 from Perseus Project URL bellow, which contains comments & interesting hyperlinks.

Ancient tombs

The tomb of Anchises

LEVIDI (Small town) MANTINIA
There still remains the road leading to Orchomenus, on which are Mount Anchisia and the tomb of Anchises at the foot of the mountain. For when Aeneas was voyaging to Sicily, he put in with his ships to Laconia, becoming the founder of the cities Aphrodisias and Etis; his father Anchises for some reason or other came to this place and died there, where Aeneas buried him. This mountain they call Anchisia after Anchises.

Tombs of unknown warriors

ORCHOMENOS (Ancient city) LEVIDI
Beneath the city are heaps of stones at intervals, which were piled over men who fell in war. With what Peloponnesians, whether Arcadians or other, the war was fought, was set forth neither by inscriptions on the graves nor in Orchomenian tradition (Paus. 8,13,3). There were many tombs made of piled stones, most commonly at remote places outside town borders. These tombs were either dedicated to Hermes, who was considered to be the one who takes the souls to Hades, or were tombs of criminals. When this was the case, passers-by used to throw stones as a curse and then the piles were considered to be sources of evil (Ekd. Athinon, Pausaniou Periegissis, vol. 4, p.227, note 3).

The tomb of Aristocrates I

The other road, after you have crossed the water flowing through the gully, goes under Mount Trachy. On this road the first thing is the tomb of Aristocrates, who once outraged the virgin priestess of the goddess Hymnia.

Ancient walls

Walls and marketplace of Orchomenus

The former city of Orchomenus was on the peak of a mountain, and there still remain ruins of a market-place and of walls.

Various

Spring

Worth seeing here is a spring, from which they draw water.

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